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Letter from Elias Higbee, 22 February 1840

temporal, civil & political matters, and by this means caused all the Mormons to vote the whole hog ticket on one side, except two persons: but when I got an opportunity of speaking, I observed that Joseph Smith never led any of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in these matters; as we considered him to have no authority, neither did he presume to exercise any, of that nature; that revelations were only concerning spiritual things in the Church, and the Bible being our standard we received no revelations contrary to it. I also observed that we were not such ignoramuses as perhaps as he fain would have people believe us to be, and some other things on this subject. I then told him that every man exercised the right of suffrage according to his better judgment, or without any ecclesiasticle restraint being put upon him; that it was all false about a revelation upon voting: And the reason of our voting that ticket, was, in consequence of the democratick principles having been taught us from our infancy; That they ever believed & extended equal rights to all; and that we had been much persecuted previous to that time, many threatenings being made from the Counties round about, as well as among us, who took the lead in political affairs. It was true we advised our brethren to vote this ticket, telling them we thought that party would protect our rights, and not suffer us to be driven from our lands, as we had hitherto been; believing it to be [by] far the most liberal party; but in that we were mistaken because when it came to the test, there were as many democrats turned against us, as whigs; and indeed less liberality and political freedom was manifested by them, for one whig Paper came out decidedly in our favor. I made these remarks partly from motives, which I may, at another time, explain to you. He laid great stress on the trials at Richmond

Area settled, ca. 1814. Officially platted as Ray Co. seat, 1827. Population in 1840 about 500. Seat of Fifth Judicial Circuit Court of Missouri; also location of courthouse and jails. JS and about sixty other Mormon men were incarcerated here while awaiting...

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, and a constitution, that he said Sampson Avard

23 Oct. 1800–15 Apr. 1869. Physician. Born at St. Peter, Isle of Guernsey, Channel Islands, Great Britain. Migrated to U.S., by 1830. Married Eliza, a native of Virginia. Located at North Carolina, 1830. Moved to Virginia, by 1831. Moved to Freedom, Beaver...

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and others (who were in good standing in the Mormon Church at this time) swore to: [p. 112]
temporal, civil & political matters, and by this means  caused all the Mormons to vote the whole hog ticket  on one side, except two persons: but when I got an  opportunity of speaking, I observed that Joseph Smith  never led any of the Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
in these matters; as  we considered him to have no authority, neither  did he presume to exercise any, of that nature;  that revelations were only concerning spiritual things  in the Church, and the Bible being our standard  we received no revelations contrary to it. I also  observed that we were not such ignoramuses as  perhaps as he fain would have people believe us  to be, and some other things on this subject. I then  told him that every man exercised the right  of suffrage according to his better judgment,  or without any ecclesiasticle restraint being  put upon him; that it was all false about a  revelation upon voting: And the reason of our voting  that ticket, was, in consequence of the democratick  principles having been taught us in <from> our infancy;  That <they> ever believed & extended equal rights to all;  and that we had been much persecuted previous  to that time, many threatenings being made from  the Counties round about, as well as among us, who  took the lead in political affairs. It was <true> we advised  our brethren to vote this ticket, telling them we thought  that party would protect our rights, and not suffer  us to be driven from our lands, as we had hitherto been;  believing it to be [by] far the most liberal party; but  in that we were mistaken because when it came to the  test, there were as many democrats turned against  us, as whigs; and indeed less liberality and political  freedom was manifested by them, for one whig Paper  came out decidedly in our favor. I made these rem arks partly from motives, which I may, at another time,  explain to you. He laid great stress on the trials  at Richmond

Area settled, ca. 1814. Officially platted as Ray Co. seat, 1827. Population in 1840 about 500. Seat of Fifth Judicial Circuit Court of Missouri; also location of courthouse and jails. JS and about sixty other Mormon men were incarcerated here while awaiting...

More Info
, and a constitution, that he said  [Sampson] Avard

23 Oct. 1800–15 Apr. 1869. Physician. Born at St. Peter, Isle of Guernsey, Channel Islands, Great Britain. Migrated to U.S., by 1830. Married Eliza, a native of Virginia. Located at North Carolina, 1830. Moved to Virginia, by 1831. Moved to Freedom, Beaver...

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and others had soon to (who were in good  standing in the Mormon <Church> at this time) swore to: [p. 112]
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Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

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, letter, Washington DC

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

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, to JS, en route to Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, IL, 22 Feb. 1840; handwriting of Howard Coray

6 May 1817–16 Jan. 1908. Bookkeeper, clerk, teacher, farmer. Born in Dansville, Steuben Co., New York. Son of Silas Coray and Mary Stephens. Moved to Providence, Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania, ca. 1827; to Williams, Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, by 1830; and...

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; in JS Letterbook 2, pp. 111–115; JS Collection, CHL.

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