Licenses and certificates denoting ordination to a particular ministerial office were generally issued during church conferences. Candidates were proposed, voted upon by conference participants, and then ordained by someone in authority.
’s certificate is unusual in that the church did not hold a conference or special meeting on or about 5 October 1831. Moreover, he had been identified as holding the priesthood office of teacher during the June 1831 conference. Since he had apparently been ordained a teacher earlier, this 5 October 1831 certificate may have been a replacement for a previous document.