Revelation, 1 March 1832 [D&C 78]

ensample which I give unto you whereby you may accompish  the commandments which are given to you that through the providenc  of your Father notwithstanding the tribulation which shall descend  upon you you may stand independent above all other creatures6

Noah Webster’s 1828 dictionary defines “creature” as “that which is created; every being besides the Creator, or every thing not self-existent. The sun, moon and stars; the earth, animals, plants, light, darkness, air, water, &c., are the creatures of God.” (“Creature,” in American Dictionary [1828], italics in original.)
Comprehensive Works Cited



Letter of Transfer, Salt Lake City, UT, 13 Dec. 1988. CHL.An American Dictionary of the English Language: Intended to Exhibit, I. the Origin, Affinities and Primary Signification of English Words, as far as They Have Been Ascertained. . . . Edited by Noah Webster. New York: S. Converse, 1828.

 beneath the Celestial world that you may come up unto the crown  prepared for you and be made rulers over many kingdom[s]7

The 16 February 1832 vision stated that those who inherited the celestial world were crowned “kings” and were “given all things.” (Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:55–56].)  

saith  the Lord God the holy one of Israel Verily Verily I say unto you ye  are little children and ye have not as yet understood how great  blessings the father has put into his own hands and prepared  for you and ye cannot bear all things now8

See Revelation, 9 May 1831 [D&C 50:40].  

nevertheless be of  good cheer for I will lead you along, the kingdom is yours  and the blessings there of are yours and the riches of Eternity are  yours & he who receiveth all things with thankfulness shall be  made glorious in the things of this world even an hundred fold  yea more wherefore do the things which I have commanded  you saith your redeemer even Jesus Christ who prepareth all  things before he cometh and then he will come even with  the church of the first born & receive you in the clowd  and appoint evry man his portion9

The account of the vision of the afterlife that JS and Rigdon experienced in February 1832 stated that those who inherited the celestial kingdom were the “church of the first born.” (Vision, 16 Feb. 1832 [D&C 76:54].)  

& he that is a faithful  & wise steward shall inherit all things Amen——[6 lines blank]
[p. [2]]
This revelation deals with the church’s mercantile and publishing endeavors. As church members gathered to Jackson County, Missouri, in 1831 to establish Zion, the need for money to purchase land became pressing. In July 1831, a revelation instructed Sidney Gilbert, who was a partner with Newel K. Whitney in N. K. Whitney & Co., to “establish a store” in Independence, Jackson County, so that the church could receive “money to buy lands for the good of the Saints.”1

Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:8].  

Gilbert opened a store in Missouri in early 1832 that was funded in part by Whitney and operated under the name Gilbert & Whitney. Whitney, who remained in Kirtland, Ohio, to run his own store (which had been in existence since at least 1824), received direction in 1831 to provide funding for the establishment of Zion.2

Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:42–43]; Jackson Co., MO, Deed Records, 1827–1909, vol. B, p. 33, 20 Feb. 1832, microfilm 1,017,978, U.S. and Canada Record Collection, FHL; Eakin and Eakin, Jackson County Missouri Court Minutes Book 1, 127, 143–144; Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 209.
Comprehensive Works Cited



U.S. and Canada Record Collection. FHL.

Eakin and Eakin, Jackson County Missouri Court Minutes Book 1, [page]

Staker, Mark L. Hearken, O Ye People: The Historical Setting of Joseph Smith’s Ohio Revelations. Salt Lake City: Greg Kofford Books, 2009.

Money was also needed to fund the publication of JS’s revelations, another venture church leaders began exploring in 1831. On 12 November 1831, a special conference in Hiram, Ohio, gave JS, Oliver Cowdery, John Whitmer, and Sidney Rigdon the responsibility of managing the “sacred writings” of the church, including the revelations.3 That same day, a revelation directed that JS, Cowdery, Whitmer, Rigdon, Martin Harris, and William W. Phelps be ordained “stewards over the revelations & commandments” and that any “profits” they gained from publishing church materials over and above their needs be placed in the Lord’s storehouse to benefit “the inhabtants of Zion & . . . their generations.”4

Revelation, 12 Nov. 1831 [D&C 70:3, 8].  

On 1 March 1832, JS, who was in Kirtland on a short visit, assembled a group of high priests, presumably to discuss the coordination of the church’s publication and mercantile endeavors.5 At the meeting, JS dictated this revelation, which instructed himself, Rigdon, and Whitney to organize a “firm” to manage the “Literary and Merchantile establishments” of the church. The revelation also required JS, Rigdon, and Whitney to travel to Zion and “sit in councel” with the church there and emphasized the need for church members to be equal in temporal things in order for unity to prevail in spiritual matters.
The original manuscript of the revelation is not extant. Frederick G. Williams, who spent some time in March 1832 copying revelations into Revelation Book 2, made a copy of the document for Whitney, probably at the same time Williams recorded it in Revelation Book 2. Although it is unclear exactly when the Whitney copy was made, Williams probably made the entry in Revelation Book 2 sometime between 8 March (the date of a note that precedes the revelation) and 1 April (when JS departed for Missouri). He titled the Revelation Book 2 copy “A Revelation given for Sidney Joseph & Newel to go an[d] sit in council with the elders in Zion, March 1—1832.”6

See Revelation Book 2, Index, [1], in JSP, MRB:413.