31832

Revelation, 11 September 1831 [D&C 64]

to pass in its time wherefore be not weary in well doing25

See Galatians 6:9; and 2 Thessalonians 3:13.  


for ye are laying the foundation of a great work & out of small things proceedeth that which is great26

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 326 [Alma 37:6].  


behold the Lord requireth the heart & a willing mind & the willing & obedient shall eat the good of the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

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in these Last days27

See Isaiah 1:19.  


& the rebelious shall be cut off out of the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
& shall be sent away & shall not inherit the Land for verily I say that the rebelious are not of the blood of Ephraim28

Ephraim was one of two sons of Joseph, son of Jacob, in the Old Testament. In discussing the duties of the “Elders of my Church,” an early August 1831 revelation echoed language from Deuteronomy 33:17 referring to the blessings pronounced by Moses on the tribe of Joseph. In October 1831, a revelation for William E. McLellin stated that he was “a true descendant from Joseph who was sold into Egypt down through the loins of Ephraim his Son.” A November 1831 revelation clarified that “the Children of Ephraim” were God’s servants who would help gather the scattered tribes of Israel to Zion before the second coming of Jesus Christ. (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:1, 45]; McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831; Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133:30–34]; see also Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831, in Revelation Book 2, pp. 95–97 [D&C 66].)  


wherefore they shall be plucked out Behold I the Lord have made my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in these last days like unto a Judge setting on a hill or in an high place to Judge the Nations for it shall come to pass that the inhabitants of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
shall Judge all things & all liars & hypocrites shall be proved by them & they which are not Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

View Glossary
shall be known29

See Revelation 2:2.  


& even the Judge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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& his councellors30

A previous revelation noted that part of Partridge’s “mission” was “to be a Judge in Israel like as it was in ancient days.” The revelation also declared that Partridge was to judge “by the assistance of his councillors.” John Corrill and Morley were appointed “assistants” to Partridge in June 1831. (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:17–18]; Minutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.)  


if they are not faithfull in their stewardship

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

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shall be condemned & others shall be planted in their stead31

In an August 1831 letter, Partridge commented to his wife, Lydia, that “as I am occasionally chastened I sometimes feel as though I must fall.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL.)  


for behold I say unto you that Zion shall flourish32

See Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49:25].  


& the glory of the Lord shall be upon her & she shall be an ensighn unto the People33

See Isaiah 11:10.  


& these shall come unto her out of every Nation under heaven & the days shall come when the Nations of the Earth shall tremble because of her & shall fear because of her terable ones34

See Isaiah 25:4–5; 29:5.  


the Lord hath spoken it amen
Given at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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September the 11th. 1831 [p. 111]
to pass in its time wherefore be not weary in well doing25

See Galatians 6:9; and 2 Thessalonians 3:13.  


 for ye are laying the foundation of a great work & out of  small things proceedeth that which is great26

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 326 [Alma 37:6].  


behold the Lord  requireth the hearts & a willing mind & the willing & obedient  shall eat the good of the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
in these Last days27

See Isaiah 1:19.  


 & the rebelious shall be cut off out of the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
& shall be  sent away & shall not inherit the Land for verily I say that the  rebelious are not of the blood of Ephraim28

Ephraim was one of two sons of Joseph, son of Jacob, in the Old Testament. In discussing the duties of the “Elders of my Church,” an early August 1831 revelation echoed language from Deuteronomy 33:17 referring to the blessings pronounced by Moses on the tribe of Joseph. In October 1831, a revelation for William E. McLellin stated that he was “a true descendant from Joseph who was sold into Egypt down through the loins of Ephraim his Son.” A November 1831 revelation clarified that “the Children of Ephraim” were God’s servants who would help gather the scattered tribes of Israel to Zion before the second coming of Jesus Christ. (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:1, 45]; McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831; Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831 [D&C 133:30–34]; see also Revelation, 29 Oct. 1831, in Revelation Book 2, pp. 95–97 [D&C 66].)  


wherefore they shall  be plucked out Behold I the Lord have made my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
in  these last days like unto a Judge setting on a hill or in an  high place to Judge the Nations for it shall come to pass that  the inhabitants of Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
shall Judge all things & all liars &  hypocrites shall be proved by them & they which are not Apostles

A title indicating one sent forth to preach; later designated as a specific ecclesiastical and priesthood office. By 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery were designated as apostles. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church explained that an “apostle is an elder...

View Glossary
 shall be known29

See Revelation 2:2.  


& even the Judge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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& his councellors30

A previous revelation noted that part of Partridge’s “mission” was “to be a Judge in Israel like as it was in ancient days.” The revelation also declared that Partridge was to judge “by the assistance of his councillors.” John Corrill and Morley were appointed “assistants” to Partridge in June 1831. (Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:17–18]; Minutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.)  


if they are  not faithfull in their stewardship

One who managed property and goods under the law of consecration; also someone given a specific ecclesiastical responsibility. According to the “Laws of the Church of Christ,” members of the church were to make donations to the bishop, who would record the...

View Glossary
shall be condemned & an oth ers shall be planted in their stead31

In an August 1831 letter, Partridge commented to his wife, Lydia, that “as I am occasionally chastened I sometimes feel as though I must fall.” (Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL.)  


for behold I say unto you  that Zion shall flourish32

See Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49:25].  


& the glory of the Lord shall be upon  her & she shall be an ensighn unto the People33

See Isaiah 11:10.  


& these shall  shall come unto her out of every Nation under heaven & the  days shall come when the Nations of the Earth shall  tremble because of her & shall fear because of her terable  ones34

See Isaiah 25:4–5; 29:5.  


the Lord hath spoken it amen
Given at Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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September the 11th. 1831 [p. 111]
Previous
JS dictated a revelation in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, on 11 September 1831, just a few days after arriving back from Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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, Jackson County, Missouri. Although the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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trip involved the identification of the site for the city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

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and the dedication of land for the construction of a temple

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, directed temple to be built short distance west of courthouse on hill just outside of Independence, Missouri. JS directed dedication of temple site by Sidney Rigdon, 3 Aug. 1831. On same date, church claimed site for eventual...

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, it generated disappointment and disillusionment for some.1

JS History, vol. A-1, 139; Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:2–3].  


Despite high expectations, Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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and his companions had been unsuccessful in their attempts to preach to the American Indians, or “Lamanites

A term used in the Book of Mormon to refer to the descendants or followers of Laman, as well as those who later identified themselves as Lamanites because they did not believe in the religious traditions of their ancestors. According to JS and the Book of...

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,” west of the Missouri border. Their subsequent efforts among the white population of Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, Missouri, yielded little success.2

Letter from Oliver Cowdery, 8 Apr. 1831; Richard W. Cummins, Delaware and Shawnee Agency, to William Clark, [St. Louis, MO], 15 Feb. 1831, U.S. Office of Indian Affairs, Central Superintendency, Records, vol. 6, pp. 113–114; Whitmer, Journal, Dec. 1831, [1]; Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. V,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 10 Nov. 1831, [3].  


Disappointment also stemmed from the designation of Independence, a rough frontier village, as the “centre place” for the city of Zion.3

Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57: 2–3] ]; Edward Partridge, Independence, MO, to Lydia Clisbee Partridge, 5–7 Aug. 1831, Edward Partridge, Letters, 1831–1835, CHL.  


Ezra Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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, one of the elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

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called to travel to Missouri in the summer of 1831, also expressed disillusionment with JS himself. Booth complained that he and his companion, Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

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, had to walk to Missouri while JS, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and other church leaders traveled by way of stagecoach and canal.4

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. V,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 10 Nov. 1831, [3]; Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VII,” Ohio Star, 24 Nov. 1831, [1].  


Apparently, Booth witnessed a confrontation between Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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and JS over the quality of Missouri land selected for purchase. Booth believed that JS’s conduct in these disagreements was unbecoming a Christian.5

Ezra Booth, “Mormonism—No. VII,” Ohio Star (Ravenna), 24 Nov. 1831, [1].  


Rigdon, likely referring to the same incident, placed the blame on Partridge, stating he had “insulted the Lord’s prophet in particular & assumed authority over him in open violation of the Laws of God.”6 Partridge was later penitent: the same minutes that contain Rigdon’s accusation record Partridge saying that “if Br. Joseph has not forgiven him he hopes he will, as he is & has always been sorry.”7

Minute Book 2, 10 Mar. 1832.  


Booth, on the other hand, apparently became more resentful, and a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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barred him from preaching as an elder in the church on 6 September 1831.8
A week later, this 11 September revelation expounded on the necessity of forgiveness and specifically referred to problems involving Booth

14 Feb. 1792–before 12 Jan. 1873. Farmer, minister. Born in Newtown, Fairfield Co., Connecticut. Admitted on trial to Methodist ministry, 4 Sept. 1816, and stationed in the Ohio District in Beaver, Pike Co. Admitted into full connection and elected a deacon...

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, Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

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, and Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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, indicating that the latter two were forgiven for their sins. It also discussed preparations for the gathering to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. The revelation clarified the relationship between Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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and Missouri: a previous revelation had established Independence

Located twelve miles from western Missouri border. Permanently settled, platted, and designated county seat, 1827. Hub for steamboat travel on Missouri River. Point of departure for Santa Fe Trail. Population in 1831 about 300. Mormon population by summer...

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as the “centre place”9

Revelation, 20 July 1831 [D&C 57:3].  


at which to build the city of Zion

Also referred to as New Jerusalem. JS revelation, dated Sept. 1830, prophesied that “city of Zion” would be built among Lamanites (American Indians). JS directed Oliver Cowdery and other missionaries preaching among American Indians in Missouri to find location...

More Info
, and this revelation declared that Kirtland, where the Saints had previously gathered, would remain “a strong hold” for five years. It also indentified what property should be retained in Kirtland. Portraying a bright future for the land of Zion, the revelation offered encouragement to those who remained committed to the mission and leadership of JS.
The original manuscript of the revelation is not extant. John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1 probably soon after its dictation, calling it “Directions to the Elders &c &c.” Sidney Gilbert

28 Dec. 1789–29 June 1834. Merchant. Born at New Haven, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Eli Gilbert and Lydia Hemingway. Moved to Huntington, Fairfield Co., Connecticut; to Monroe, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, by Sept. 1818; to Painesville, Geauga Co...

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also made a copy, dating the revelation 12 September 1831.10

Gilbert, Notebook, [54].  


Although JS held a conference of elders on 12 September—an appropriate setting for dictating a revelation11

See Minutes, 12 Sept. 1831. The minutes do not indicate that any revelation was dictated at the meeting.  


—all other manuscript copies bear the same 11 September date as the version of the text featured here.12

See, for example, Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831, Newel K. Whitney, Papers [D&C 64]; and Hyde and Smith, Notebook, [43].  


Facts