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Revelation, 15 June 1831 [D&C 56]

And after that I have commanded & the commandment is broken  Wherefore I the lord command & revoke as it seemeth me good &  all this to be answered upon the heads of the rebelious saith the Lord  Wherefore I revoke the commandment which was given unto my servent  Thomas & Ezra2 & give a new commandment unto my Servent Thomas  that he shall take up his Journey speedily to the land of Missorie & my  servent Sealy [Selah] Griffin shall also go with him for behold I revoke the  commandment which was given to my servents Sealy & Newel [Knight]3 in con sequence of the stiffneckedness of my people which are in Thompson &  their rebelions Wherefore let my servent Newel remain with them & as  many as will go may go that are contrite before me & be led by him  to the land which I have appointed & again verily I say unto you that  my servent Ezra Thayer must repent of his pride & his selfishness &  obey the former commandment which I have given him concerning  the place upon which he lives & if he will do this4

Another early copy of this revelation has “if he will not do this,” apparently a scribal error. (Revelations Collection, CHL [D&C 56:9].)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL.

as there shall no  divisions be <be> made upon the land he shall be appointed still to go  to the land of Missorie otherwise he shall receive the money which  he has paid & shall leave the place & shall be cut off out of my Church  saith the Lord god of host & though the Heavens & the Earth pass away  these words shall not pass away but shall be fulfilled & if my servent  Joseph must needs pay the money Behold I the Lord will pay <it> unto  him again in the land of Missorie that those of whom he shall receive  may be rewarded again according to that which they do they shall receive5

Another early copy of this revelation has “& those of whome he shal receive may be rewarded again in the land of according to that which they do for according to that which they do they shal receive.” The published versions of the revelation also use this wording. (Revelations Collection, CHL; Book of Commandments 58:14; Doctrine and Covenants 69:4, 1835 ed. [D&C 56:13].)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

Revelations Collection, 1831–ca. 1844, 1847, 1861, ca. 1876. CHL.

A Book of Commandments, for the Government of the Church of Christ, Organized according to Law, on the 6th of April, 1830. Zion [Independence], MO: W. W. Phelps, 1833. Also available in Robin Scott Jensen, Richard E. Turley Jr., Riley M. Lorimer, eds., Revelations and Translations, Volume 2: Published Revelations. Vol. 2 of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).

Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God. Compiled by Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams. Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams, 1835. Also available in Robin Scott Jensen, Richard E. Turley Jr., Riley M. Lorimer, eds., Revelations and Translations, Volume 2: Published Revelations. Vol. 2 of the Revelations and Translations series of The Joseph Smith Papers, edited by Dean C. Jessee, Ronald K. Esplin, and Richard Lyman Bushman (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2011).

 even in lands for their in heritance Behold thus saith the lord unto  my people you have many things to do & to repent of for behold  your sins have come up unto me & are not pardoned because you  seek to council in your own ways & your hearts are not satisfied  & y obey not the truth but have pleasure in unrighteousness6

See 2 Thessalonians 2:12.
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments Translated Out of the Original Tongues: And with the Former Translations Diligently Compared and Revised, by His Majesty’s Special Command. Authorized King James Version with Explanatory Notes and Cross References to the Standard Works of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Salt Lake City: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1979.

wo!  unto you rich men that will not give your substance to the poor  for your riches will kanker your souls And this shall be your  lamentation in the day of visitation & of Judgement & of indignation  the Harvest is past the summer is ended & my soul is not saved7

An earlier revelation used the same imagery and language. (Revelation, ca. 7 Mar. 1831 [D&C 45:2].)  

 
wo!  unto you poor men whose hearts are not broken whose spirits are  not contrite & whose bellys are not satisfied & whose hands are not  stayed from laying hold upon other mens goods whose eyes are  full of greediness whos will not labour with their own hands8

The revealed law for the Church of Christ, recorded in February, had warned, “Thou Shalt not be Idle for he that is Idle shall not eat the bread nor wear the garment of the labourer.” (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:42].)  

 
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When he copied the following revelation into Revelation Book 1, John Whitmer introduced it by writing, “Thomas [B.] Marsh was desirous to know what he should do as the Lord had commanded him & Ezra Thayer to take their Journey to the land of Missorie but Thayer could not get ready as soon as Thomas wanted that he should.” Thayer and Marsh had been commanded in a 6 June 1831 revelation to “take their Journey also preaching the word by the way unto this same land [Missouri],”1

Revelation, 6 June 1831 [D&C 52:22]. Thayer was also among those “ordained to the High Priesthood” at the June conference associated with this revelation. (Minutes, ca. 3–4 June 1831.)  

 
and nine days later, Marsh was apparently ready to depart with others traveling to Missouri while Thayer was not. An earlier revelation directed Thayer to board with Joseph Smith Sr. on Frederick G. Williams’s farm. That same revelation directed that “all the Brethren immediately assemble together & put up an house for my Servent Ezra” on Williams’s property. It also instructed Thayer to “humble himself & at the conference meeting he shall be ordained unto power from on high & he shall go from thence (if he be obedient unto my commandments) & proclaim my Gospel unto the western regions with my Servents that must go forth even unto the borders of the Lamanit[e]s.”2
It is uncertain what prevented Thayer from accompanying Marsh, but this revelation refers to the “former commandment which I have given him [Thayer] concerning the place upon which he lives” and the money Thayer had apparently paid for it. It is likely that he paid some of the balance Williams owed Isaac Moore on the farm where he and the Joseph Smith Sr. family lived and worked.3 Because the revelation asserts that “there shall no divisions be made upon the land,” Thayer may have previously requested that before his departure for Missouri, a title be assigned to him for the portion of land he had paid for. The revelation also suggests that he might have requested that the money he had paid toward the debt be returned to him if he was not assigned title.
The 6 June 1831 revelation had also directed that Newel Knight, leader of the Colesville branch then located at Thompson, Ohio, and Selah Griffin travel together to Missouri.4 Both men received further instruction in this 15 June revelation. Recent difficulties between the Colesville, New York, believers and landowner Leman Copley, who withdrew his offer to allow them to settle on his property, prompted a 10 June revelation that directed the Colesville group to move to Missouri. That revelation further instructed the Thompson members to “appoint whom you will to be your leader & to pay moneyes for you.”5 Upon learning that revelations had both dictated their removal to Missouri and assigned their leader Newel Knight to leave them for a preaching mission, some of the members in Thompson may have voiced concerns to JS.6

The compiler of Newel Knight’s history in 1871 included this note: “I will here introduce the facts as nearly as I am able to glean them. On taking the revelation to Thompson, concerning the removal of the Saints from there to Missouri, which gave them the privilege of appointing their own leader; and also the revelation appointing him to his mission, it appears that the Saints were grieved at the thought of brother Knight leaving them, for he had been with them from their first acquaintanc with the Church, and they leaned on him, as their guide and appointed him as their leader, from Thompson to Missouri. This reached the prophet Joseph’s ears, and in a revelation . . . brother Newel’s mission was revoked, and he was sustaind in leading them.” It is possible that this reconstruction of events was made with the benefit of sources that are no longer extant. (Knight, History, 310a–310b.)
Comprehensive Works Cited

 

 

Knight, Newel. History. Private possession. Copy in CHL.

Whatever the impetus, this revelation rescinded the command for Knight to leave on a mission and instead assigned Knight’s previously named missionary companion, Selah Griffin, to accompany Marsh in place of Thayer.

Facts