26090

Revelation, 2 January 1831 [D&C 38]

41st Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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Jan 2nd AD 1831
Received at farette Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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Seneca County State of New york A Comandment to the Churches

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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at a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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they being Commanded to flee to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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&c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


Saying thus saith the Lord God even Jesus Christ the great I am Alpha & Omega the begining & the end the same which looked upon the wide expance of eternity & all the Scerifick seraphic hosts of Heaven before the world was made the same which knoweth all things for all things are present before mine eyes I am the same which spoke & the world was made & all things came by me I am the same which hath taken the Zion of Enoch into mine own bosom2

An account of Enoch’s community, called Zion, was recorded around December 1830 as part of JS’s ongoing revision of the Bible: “Enock and all his people walked with God and he dwellt in the midst of Zion and it came to pass that Zion was not[,] for God received it up into his own bosom and from thence went forth the saying Zion is fled.” (Old Testament Revision 1, p. 19 [Moses 7:69].)  


& verily I say even as many as have believed on my name for I am Christ & in mine own name by the [p. 49]
41st Commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
Jan 2nd AD 1831
Received at farette [Fayette]

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

More Info
Seneca County State of New york A Comandment to the Churches

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
in New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
at a conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
 they being Commanded to flee to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
&c1

John Whitmer likely created this heading when he copied the text into Revelation Book 1.  


Saying thus saith the Lord God even Jesus Christ  the great I am Alph[a] & Omega the begining & the end  the same which looked upon the wide expance of eternity & all  the Scerifick [seraphic] hosts of Heaven before the world was made the  same which k[n]oweth all things for all things are present  before mine eyes I am the same which spoke & the world was  made & all things came by me I am the same which  hath taken the Zion of Enoch into mine own bosom2

An account of Enoch’s community, called Zion, was recorded around December 1830 as part of JS’s ongoing revision of the Bible: “Enock and all his people walked with God and he dwellt in the midst of Zion and it came to pass that Zion was not[,] for God received it up into his own bosom and from thence went forth the saying Zion is fled.” (Old Testament Revision 1, p. 19 [Moses 7:69].)  


 & verily I say even as many as have believed on my name  for I am Christ & in mine own name by the [p. 49]
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This revelation, dictated at a church conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

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in Fayette

Located in northern part of county between Seneca and Cayuga lakes. Area settled, by 1790. Officially organized as Washington Township, 14 Mar. 1800. Name changed to Fayette, 6 Apr. 1808. Population in 1830 about 3,200. Population in 1840 about 3,700. Significant...

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, New York, came three days after a 30 December 1830 revelation commanded the church to “assemble together at the Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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.”1

Revelation, 30 Dec. 1830 [D&C 37:3].  


The 2 January 1831 revelation elaborated on the earlier commandment by reiterating the call to gather and promising the members they would be thereafter endowed with “power from on high.”
In his later history, John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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wrote that as JS addressed the conference on 2 January and discussed the commandment

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of Deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
to move to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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as a group, those present “desired to know somewhat more concerning this matter.” In response, “the Seer enquired of the Lord in the presence of the whole congregation, and thus came the word of the Lord.”2

Whitmer, History, 6.  


Recalling the conference later, Newel Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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noted that “we were instructed as a people, to begin the gathering of Israel, and a revelation was given to the Prophet on this subject.”3

Knight, History, 268–269.  


Some church members were reticent to leave their homes and relocate to Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
, and a few, according to Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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, even wondered if “Joseph had invented it [the revelation] himself to deceive the people that in the end he might get gain.”4

Whitmer, History, 9.  


Several weeks later, a resident of Waterloo, New York, wrote that “this command was at first resisted by such as had property, (the brethren from the neighboring counties being all assembled by special summons,) but after a night of fasting, prayer and trial, they all consented to obey the holy messenger.”5

Waterloo, NY, 26 Jan. [1831], Letter to the Editor, Reflector (Palmyra, NY), 1 Feb. 1831, 95.  


JS’s mother

8 July 1775–14 May 1856. Oilcloth painter, nurse, fund-raiser, author. Born at Gilsum, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Daughter of Solomon Mack Sr. and Lydia Gates. Moved to Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts, 1779; to Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont, 1788...

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saw the revelation in a positive light. She wrote to her brother Solomon Mack to explain that after they gathered together, God would “come and reign on ea[r]th with them a thousand years.” She also indicated, “We expect to go away to the Ohio early in the spring.”6

Lucy Mack Smith, Waterloo, NY, to Solomon Mack, Gilsum, NH, 6 Jan. 1831, CHL.  


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