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Revelation, 29 October 1831 [D&C 66]

Samuel (Smith)

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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go with you and forsake him not and give him thine instructions and he that is faithful shall be made strong in every place And I the Lord will go with you. Lay your hands upon the sick and they shall recover. Return not until I the Lord shall send you, Be patient in afflictions. Ask and ye shall receive Knock and it shall be opened unto you Seek not to be cumbered. Forsake all unrighteousness. Commit not adultery, temptation with which thou hast been troubled. Keep these sayings true and faithful and thou shalt magnify thine office and push many people to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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with songs of everlasting joy upon their heads Continue in these things even unto the end and you shall have a Crown of eternal life on the right hand of my Father who is full of grace and truth. Verily thus saith the Lord your God, your Redeemer even Jesus Christ. Amen——
A revelation given to Wm. E. McLelin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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a true decendant from Joseph who was sold into Egypt down through the loins of Ephraim his son——
Given in Portage Co. Ohio. Hiram Township

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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on the 29th. of October 1831
Joseph Smith, Revelator [p. [10]]
Samuel (Smith)

13 Mar. 1808–30 July 1844. Farmer, logger, scribe, builder, tavern operator. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, by Mar. 1810; to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811...

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go with <you> and forsake  him not and give him thine instructions7

McLellin recorded in his journal that at some point prior to his and Samuel Smith’s departure on 16 November, “Bro Samuel . . . heard the revelation.” (McLellin, Journal, 16 Nov. 1831.)  


 and he that is faithful shall be made  strong in every place And I the Lord will  go with you. Lay your hands upon the  sick and they shall recover.8

The “Laws of the Church of Christ” explained that when individuals were sick, two or more elders were to “pray for and lay their hands upon them” in Christ’s name. (Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831 [D&C 42:44].)  


Return not  until I the Lord shall send you, Be patien[t]9

TEXT: “t” likely missing because of torn edge. Versions of this document in William E. McLellin’s journal and Revelation Book 1 have “patient” and “patiant”, respectively.  


 in afflictions.10

See Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 270 [Alma 17:11]; Revelation, July 1830–A [D&C 24:8]; and Revelation, Sept. 1830–F [D&C 31:9].  


Ask and ye shall receive  Knock and it shall be opened unto you11

See, for example, John 16:24; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 509 [3 Nephi 27:29]; Revelation, June 1829–A [D&C 14:5]; and Revelation, 7 May 1831 [D&C 49:26].  


 Seek not to be cumbered. Forsake all  unrighteousness. Commit not adultery, 12

John Whitmer’s copy in Revelation Book 1 has “a.” (Revelation Book 1, p. 112, in JSP, MRB:197.)  


 temptation with which thou hast been  troubled.13

Exactly how McLellin had been tempted with adultery is unclear. His wife, Cynthia Ann, whom he married in 1829, had died recently, leaving McLellin to experience “many lonesome & sorrowful hours.” (William E. McLellin, Independence, MO, to “Beloved Relatives,” Carthage, TN, 4 Aug. 1832, photocopy, CHL.)  


Keep these sayings true and fait[h] ful and thou shalt magnify thine office  and push many people to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the focus ...

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with  songs of everlasting joy upon their heads14

See Deuteronomy 33:17; and Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:45].  


 Continue in these things even unto the  end and you shall have a Crown of etern[al]15

TEXT: “al” likely missing because of torn edge. Versions of this document in William E. McLellin’s journal and Revelation Book 1 have “Eternal” and “eternal”, respectively.  


 life on the right hand of my Father w[ho]16

TEXT: “ho” likely missing because of torn edge. Versions of this document in William E. McLellin’s journal and Revelation Book 1 have “who”.  


 is full of grace and truth.17

See John 1:14.  


Verily thus  saith the Lord your God, your Redeemer  even Jesus Christ. Amen——
A revelation given to Wm. E. McLelin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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 a true decendant from Joseph who  was sold into Egypt down through the  loins of Ephraim his son——
Given in Portage Co. Ohio. Hiram  Township

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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on the 29th. of October 1831
Joseph Smith, Revelator [p. [10]]
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On 29 October 1831, William E. McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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wrote in his journal, “The Lord condecended to hear my prayr and give me a revelation of his will, through his prophet or Seer (Joseph).”1

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


McLellin, a recent convert from Paris

Seat of justice located in rich agricultural area ten miles west of Illinois-Indiana border. Area settled, 1821. Land for village donated, 1823. Functioned as county seat, by 1833. Incorporated 1849. Population in 1837 about 280. Population in 1840 about ...

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, Illinois, met JS for the first time at the 25–26 October 1831 conference in Orange

Located about five miles south of Kirtland Township. Area settled, 1815. Organized 1820. Population in 1830 about 300. Population in 1838 about 800. Sixty-five Latter-day Saints lived in township, by Nov. 1830. Joseph and Julia Murdock, twins adopted by JS...

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, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, where McLellin was ordained to the high priesthood. At the conclusion of the conference, he accompanied JS to Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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, Ohio, arriving there on 29 October.2

McLellin, Journal, 26–29 Oct. 1831; see also Minutes, 25–26 Oct. 1831.  


McLellin later recalled that on that day, he “went before the Lord in secret, and on my knees asked him to reveal the answer to five questions through his Prophet.”3

William E. McLellin, Editorial, Ensign of Liberty, Jan. 1848, 61.  


At McLellin’s request, JS dictated a revelation for him,4

JS History, vol. A-1, 156.  


perhaps in the southeast upstairs bedroom of the John

14 Apr. 1779–30 July 1843. Farmer, innkeeper. Born at Chesterfield, Cheshire Co., New Hampshire. Son of Israel Johnson and Abigail Higgins. Married Alice (Elsa) Jacobs, 22 June 1800. Moved to Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont, ca. 1803. Settled at Hiram, Portage...

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and Alice (Elsa) Johnson home, where JS worked on his revision of the Bible.5

This “translating” room was the largest room upstairs and probably originally the bedroom of John and Alice (Elsa) Johnson. The Johnsons created a new bedroom by partitioning off a “single large work space on the west end of the second floor” into two smaller rooms while JS was attending the October conference in Orange. Much of the work was done by the time JS and McLellin reached the Johnson home on 29 October, but the partition wall was not plastered until that evening. (Staker, Hearken, O Ye People, 314.)  


According to McLellin, the revelation answered the questions “to my full and entire satisfaction.”6

William E. McLellin, Editorial, Ensign of Liberty, Jan. 1848, 61. McLellin noted that these questions “had dwelt upon my mind with anxiety yet with uncertainty.” (McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.)  


Although McLellin never explained what his five queries were, the revelation’s contents indicate that he was probably concerned about his standing before God and about what the Lord desired him to do.
McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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recounted that he wrote the words of this revelation as JS spoke them.7

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


Two copies of the revelation in McLellin’s hand exist, but it does not appear that either is the original manuscript.8

Both are fairly clean copies written in small script and with an even hand.  


One copy is in McLellin’s journal,9

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct. 1831.  


probably made soon after the revelation was dictated. The other is the copy in McLellin’s notebook, featured below. McLellin apparently inscribed this copy sometime before 16 November 1831, when he departed on a mission. Three revelations precede the 29 October revelation in McLellin’s notebook, including one dated 30 October 1831, indicating McLellin did not make these copies before that date. McLellin’s journal corroborates this dating, stating that he stayed in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

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from 29 October to 16 November and “read and copyed revelations, &c.”10

McLellin, Journal, 29 Oct.–16 Nov. 1831.  


John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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also copied the revelation into Revelation Book 1 sometime before he left for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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on 20 November.11

See Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1, in JSP, MRB:5; and Revelation Book 1, pp. 111–112, in JSP, MRB: 195–197. For the date of Whitmer’s departure, see Whitmer, History, 38, in JSP, H2:49.  


McLellin

18 Jan. 1806–14 Mar. 1883. Schoolteacher, physician, publisher. Born at Smith Co., Tennessee. Son of Charles McLellin and Sarah (a Cherokee Indian). Married first Cynthia Ann, 30 July 1829. Wife died, by summer 1831. Baptized into LDS church by Hyrum Smith...

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’s notebook copy appears to be a more complete reflection of the original revelation than either the journal copy or the copy John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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made in Revelation Book 1. The journal copy probably predates the other two versions, but the spelling of certain words (“shew” instead of “show,” which is in the journal copy, for example), the use of contractions, and the lack of punctuation suggest that the copies in McLellin’s notebook and in Revelation Book 1 were derived from a nonextant copy of the original. The notebook version also appears to be more complete than the copy in Revelation Book 1 because the notebook contains an endnote regarding McLellin belonging to the lineage of Ephraim in the Old Testament (a note that also appears in the journal copy).

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