31846

Revelation, 3 November 1831 [D&C 133]

721

John Whitmer assigned this number to the revelation after recording it in Revelation Book 1.  


A Revelation Recd. Nov 3, 1831
Hearken oh ye People of my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
—— saith the Lord your God & hear the word of the Lord concerning you the Lord who shall suddenly come to his temple2

See Malachi 3:1; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 503 [3 Nephi 24:1]; and Revelation, 9 Dec. 1830 [D&C 36:8].  


the Lord who shall come down with a curse to Judgement3

See Isaiah 34:5.  


yea upon all the Nations that forget god & upon all the ungodly amongst you for he shall make bear his holy arm in the eyes of all the Nations & all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of their god4

See Isaiah 52:10; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 182, 188, 488, 498 [Mosiah 12:24; 15:31; 3 Nephi 16:20; 20:35].  


wherefore prepare ye prepare ye oh ye my People Sanctify yourselves gether ye together oh ye People of my Church upon the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
all you that have not been commanded to tarry go ye out from Babylon5

Although earlier revelations indicated that JS would have the ability “to descern by the spirit those who shall go up unto the land of Zion & those of my Desiples that shall tarry,” and that some would have to wait for “many years” before they could gather, the instructions here seem to direct all who had not specifically been commanded to tarry to go to the land of Zion. (Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:41]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:44]; see also Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21–22].)  


be ye clean that bear the vessels of the Lord6

See Isaiah 52:11; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 498 [3 Nephi 20:41]; and Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:42].  


call your solom assemblies

A special church meeting or conference convened to conduct church business, administer sacred ordinances, and receive spiritual power and instruction. In November 1831, the Saints were directed by revelation to gather as a body in solemn assemblies. A December...

View Glossary
7

The phrase “solemn assembly” appears a number of times in the Old Testament, usually referring to a gathering of elders in a spirit of fasting and prayer. (See, for example, Joel 1:14; 2:15.)  


& speak often one to another8

See Malachi 3:16.  


& let every man call upon the name of the Lord yea verily I say unto you again the time has come when the voice of the Lord is unto you go ye out of Babylon gether ye out from among the nations from the four winds from one end of Heaven to the other9

See Matthew 24:31; Mark 13:27; Zechariah 2:6; and New Testament Revision 1, p. 56b [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 1:37].  


send forth the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of my Church unto the nations which are afar off unto the ilands of the sea send forth unto foreign lands call upon all nations firstly upon the gentiles

Those who were not members of the House of Israel. More specifically, members of the church identified gentiles as those whose lineage was not of the Jews or Lamanites (understood to be the American Indians in JS’s day). Certain prophecies indicated that ...

View Glossary
& then upon the Jews & Behold & Lo this shall be their Cry & the voice of the Lord unto all People go ye forth unto the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
that the borders of my People may be enlarged & that her stakes

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
may be strengthened10

See Isaiah 54:2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 587 [Moroni 10:31].  


that Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
may go forth—unto the regions round about— yea let the cry go forth among all people awake & arise & go forth to meet the Bride-groom Behold & Lo the Bride-groom Cometh— go ye out to meet him prepare yourselves for the great day of the Lord watch therefore for ye know neither the day nor the hour11

See Matthew 25:6, 13.  


let them therefore which are among the gentiles— flee unto Zion & let they which be of Judah flee unto Jerusalem unto the Mountains of the Lords house12

See Isaiah 2:2–3; Micah 4:1–2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 86 [2 Nephi 12:2–3].  


go ye out from among the Nations even from Babylon [p. 116]
<721

John Whitmer assigned this number to the revelation after recording it in Revelation Book 1.  


A Revelation Recd. Nov 3, 1831>
Hearken oh ye People of my Church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
—— saith the  Lord your <God> & hear the word of the Lord concerning you the Lord  who shall suddenly come to his temple2

See Malachi 3:1; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 503 [3 Nephi 24:1]; and Revelation, 9 Dec. 1830 [D&C 36:8].  


the Lord who  shall come down with a curse to Judgement3

See Isaiah 34:5.  


yea upon  all the Nations that forget god & upon all the ungodly amongst  you for he shall make bear his holy arm in the eyes of  all the Nations & all the ends of the earth shall see the  salvation of their god4

See Isaiah 52:10; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 182, 188, 488, 498 [Mosiah 12:24; 15:31; 3 Nephi 16:20; 20:35].  


wherefore prepare ye prepare ye oh  ye my People Sanctify yourselves gether ye together oh ye  People of my Church upon the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
all you that  have not been commanded to tarry go ye out from  Babylon5

Although earlier revelations indicated that JS would have the ability “to descern by the spirit those who shall go up unto the land of Zion & those of my Desiples that shall tarry,” and that some would have to wait for “many years” before they could gather, the instructions here seem to direct all who had not specifically been commanded to tarry to go to the land of Zion. (Revelation, 30 Aug. 1831 [D&C 63:41]; Revelation, 1 Aug. 1831 [D&C 58:44]; see also Revelation, 11 Sept. 1831 [D&C 64:21–22].)  


be ye clean that bear the vessels of the Lord6

See Isaiah 52:11; Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 498 [3 Nephi 20:41]; and Revelation, 2 Jan. 1831 [D&C 38:42].  


call  your solom assemblies

A special church meeting or conference convened to conduct church business, administer sacred ordinances, and receive spiritual power and instruction. In November 1831, the Saints were directed by revelation to gather as a body in solemn assemblies. A December...

View Glossary
7

The phrase “solemn assembly” appears a number of times in the Old Testament, usually referring to a gathering of elders in a spirit of fasting and prayer. (See, for example, Joel 1:14; 2:15.)  


& speak often one to another8

See Malachi 3:16.  


&  let every man call upon the name of the Lord yea verily  I say unto you again the time has come when the voice  of the Lord is unto you go ye out of Babylon gether ye  out from among the nations from the four winds from one  end of Heaven to the other9

See Matthew 24:31; Mark 13:27; Zechariah 2:6; and New Testament Revision 1, p. 56b [Joseph Smith Translation, Matthew 1:37].  


send forth the Elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of my Church  unto the nations which are afar off unto the ilands of the sea  send forth unto foreign lands call upon all nations firstly upon  the gentiles

Those who were not members of the House of Israel. More specifically, members of the church identified gentiles as those whose lineage was not of the Jews or Lamanites (understood to be the American Indians in JS’s day). Certain prophecies indicated that ...

View Glossary
& then upon the Jews & Behold & Lo this shall be their  Cry & the voice of the Lord unto all People go ye forth unto  the Land of Zion

JS revelation, dated 20 July 1831, designated Missouri as “land of promise” for gathering of Saints and place for “city of Zion,” with Independence area as “center place” of Zion. Latter-day Saint settlements elsewhere, such as in Kirtland, Ohio, became known...

More Info
that the borders of my People may be enlarged  & that her stakes

Ecclesiastical organization of church members in a particular locale. Stakes were typically large local organizations of church members; stake leaders could include a presidency, a high council, and a bishopric. Some revelations referred to stakes “to” or...

View Glossary
may be strengthened10

See Isaiah 54:2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 587 [Moroni 10:31].  


that Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
may go forth— unto the regions round about— yea let the cry go forth  among all people awake & arise & go forth to meet the  Bride-groom Behold & Lo the Bride-groom Cometh— go ye  out to meet him prepare yourselves for the great day of the  Lord watch therefore for ye know neither the day nor the  hour11

See Matthew 25:6, 13.  


let them therefore which are among the gentiles—  flee unto Zion & let they which be of Judah flee unto  Jerusalem unto the Mountains of the Lords house12

See Isaiah 2:2–3; Micah 4:1–2; and Book of Mormon, 1830 ed., 86 [2 Nephi 12:2–3].  


go ye  out from among the Nations even from Babylon [p. 116]
Next
According to a later history, JS dictated this revelation on 3 November 1831 in answer to elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
’ questions about “the gathering

As directed by early revelations, church members “gathered” in communities. A revelation dated September 1830, for instance, instructed elders “to bring to pass the gathering of mine elect” who would “be gathered in unto one place, upon the face of this land...

View Glossary
” and “preaching the gospel to the inhabitants of the earth.”1

JS History, vol. A-1, 166.  


The history indicates that this revelation was dictated following the two-day conference

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
in Hiram

Area settled by immigrants from Pennsylvania and New England, ca. 1802. Located in northeastern Ohio about twenty-five miles southeast of Kirtland. Population in 1830 about 500. Population in 1840 about 1,100. JS lived in township at home of John and Alice...

More Info
, Ohio, which focused on the publication of JS’s revelations in the Book of Commandments. This revelation, which was later designated as the “appendix” to the Book of Commandments, followed the 1 November dictation of the “preface” to that book.2

JS History, vol. A-1, 166; Minutes, 1–2 Nov. 1831.  


The preface placed JS’s revelations in a millenarian context, and this 3 November revelation continued in that millenarian theme.3 Beginning with a call for the Saints to prepare for the second coming of Jesus Christ by leaving Babylon and gathering to Zion

A specific location in Missouri; also a literal or figurative gathering of believers in Jesus Christ, characterized by adherence to ideals of harmony, equality, and purity. In JS’s earliest revelations “the cause of Zion” was used to broadly describe the ...

View Glossary
, the revelation then extended this message to all people. It warned of Christ’s imminent return to the earth in power and glory and of the events that would precede and accompany that return. It also provided an explicit statement that God wanted JS’s revelations to go to the world to prepare the inhabitants of the earth for Christ’s return.
Because two early copies of this revelation bear different dates, there is some uncertainty about the exact date of this revelation. When John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

View Full Bio
copied it into Revelation Book 1, likely before leaving for Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
on 20 November 1831, he dated it 3 November.4

Whitmer, History, 38.  


JS’s later history also places this revelation after the 1–2 November conference.5

JS History, vol. A-1, 166.  


However, another copy of the revelation in Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
’s handwriting was inserted into Revelation Book 1 as a loose copy, bearing the endorsement “Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

View Full Bio
s Nov 2 1831” in unidentified handwriting, suggesting it may have been written during the 1–2 November conference, which Johnson attended.6

Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, [5], in JSP, MRB:403 [D&C 133]. The date of the revelation’s dictation is also given as 2 November at another location in this document, although an unknown scribe later changed that date to 3 November.  


Because Rigdon transcribed this copy on loose leaves, it is difficult to determine exactly when the copy was made. It may have been placed into Revelation Book 1 before Whitmer left for Missouri, but it could have been inserted much later as well.7 Whitmer, on the other hand, likely copied the revelation into the bound book before Whitmer and Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
took the book to Missouri on 20 November 1831.8

Historical Introduction to Revelation Book 1; Whitmer, History, 38.  


Whitmer’s copy is apparently an earlier transcript than the Rigdon copy and therefore more reliable regarding the date—a conclusion corroborated by the fact that the 1–2 November conference minutes do not mention this revelation, and no other sources confirm its presentation on either 1 or 2 November.9
Although the 3 November revelation does not refer to itself as an “appendix,” it may have been dictated specifically to serve as an appendix to JS’s revelations—much like the 1 November revelation was presented as the preface. The Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
copy contains the endorsement “An appendix to Revelation,” suggesting an early designation of the revelation as an appendix. When the revelation was first published in the May 1833 issue of The Evening and the Morning Star, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
explained that it was known as “the close” or “the Appendix,” indicating it had received that designation at least by the spring 1833.10

Revelations,” The Evening and the Morning Star, May 1833, [1]; Appendix 1: Revelation, 3 Nov. 1831, [6], in JSP, MRB:405 [D&C 133].  


According to a later JS history, it was called the appendix because of “its importance, and for distinction.”11

JS History, vol. A-1, 166. The revelation was never published in the Book of Commandments, probably because it was to be one of the last items printed and the printing of the book was halted by violence in Missouri. The revelation was labeled as the appendix in the 1835 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants. (See “Proposed Sixth Gathering of the Book of Commandments;Doctrine and Covenants 100, 1835 ed., 247–250.)  


Facts