53991683

Book of Abraham, Early 1842


Editorial Note
Times and Seasons, 15 Mar. 1842, 3:719–722 and insert.

The Book of Abraham.
14. And the Lord appeared unto me in answer to my prayers, and said unto me, unto thy seed I will give this land. And I, Abraham, arose from the place of the Altar which I had built unto the Lord, and removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Bethel, and pitched my tent there; Bethel on the West, and Hai on the East; and there I built another altar unto the Lord, and called again upon the name of the Lord.
15. And I, Abraham, journeyed, going on still towards the South; and there was a continuation of a famine in the Land, and I Abraham concluded to go down into Egypt, to sojourn there, for the famine became very grievious. And it came to pass when I was come near to enter into Egypt, the Lord said unto me, behold, Sarai, thy wife, is a very fair woman to look upon, therefore it shall come to pass when the Egyptians shall see her, they will say she is his wife; and they will kill you, but they will save her alive; therefore see that ye do on this wise, let her say unto the Egyptians, she is thy sister, and thy soul shall live. And it came to pass that I, Abraham, told Sarai, my wife, all that the Lord had said unto me; therefore say unto them, I pray thee, thou art my sister, that it may be well with me for thy sake, and my soul shall live because of thee.
16. And I, Abraham, had the Urim and Thummim, which the Lord my God had given unto me, in Ur of the Chaldees; and I saw the stars also that they were very great, and that one of them was nearest unto the throne of God; and there were many great ones, which were near unto it; and the Lord said unto me, these are the governing ones; and the name of the great one is Kolob, because it is near unto me: for I am the Lord thy God, I have set this one to govern all those which belong to the same order of that upon which thou standest. And the Lord said unto me, by the Urim and Thummim, that Kolob was after the manner of the Lord, according to its times and seasons in the Revolutions thereof, that one revolution was a day unto the Lord, after his manner of reckoning, it being one thousand years according to the time appointed unto that whereon thou standest; this is the reckoning of the Lord’s time, according to the reckoning of Kolob.
17. And the Lord said unto me, the planet, which is the lesser light, lesser than that which is to rule the day, even the night, is above, or greater than that upon which thou standest, in point of reckoning, for it moveth in order more slow: this is in order, because it standeth above the earth upon which thou standest, therefore, the reckoning of its time is not so many as to its number of days, and of months, and of years. And the Lord said unto me, now, Abraham, these two facts exist, behold thine eyes seeth it; it is given unto thee to know the times of reckoning, and the set times, yea the set time of the earth upon which thou standest, and the set time of the greater light, which is set to rule the day, and the set time of the lesser light, which is set to rule the night.
18. Now the set time of the lesser light, is a longer time as to its reckoning, than the reckoning of the time of the earth upon which thou standest; and where these two facts exist, there shall be another fact above them, that is, there shall be another planet whose reckoning of time shall be longer still; and thus there shall be the reckoning of the time of one planet above another, until thou come nigh unto Kolob, which Kolob, is after the reckoning of the Lord’s time; which, Kolob, is set nigh unto the throne of God, to govern all those planets which belong to the same order of that upon which thou standest. And it is given unto thee, to know the set time of all the stars, that are set to give light, until thou come near unto the throne of God.
19. Thus I, Abraham, talked with the Lord, face to face, as one man talketh with another; and he told me of the works which his hands had made; and he said unto me, my son, my son, and his hand was stretched out, behold I will shew you all these. And he put his hand upon mine eyes, and I saw those things, which his hands had made, which were many; and they multiplied before mine eyes, and I could not see the end thereof: and he said unto me this is Shinehah, (which is the sun.) And he said unto me, Kokob, which is star. And he said unto me, [p. [719]]

Editorial Note
Times and Seasons, 15 Mar. 1842, 3:719–722 and insert.

The Book of Abraham.
14. And the Lord appeared unto me  in answer to my prayers, and said unto  me, unto thy seed I will give this land.  And I, Abraham, arose from the place of  the Altar which I had built unto the Lord,  and removed from thence unto a moun tain on the east of Bethel, and pitched my  tent there; Bethel on the West, and Hai  on the East; and there I built another al tar unto the Lord, and called again upon  the name of the Lord.
15. And I, Abraham, journeyed, going  on still towards the South; and there was  a continuation of a famine in the Land,  and I Abraham concluded to go down in to Egypt, to sojourn there, for the fam ine became very grievious. And it came  to pass when I was come near to enter  into Egypt, the Lord said unto me, be hold, Sarai, thy wife, is a very fair wo man to look upon, therefore it shall come  to pass when the Egyptians shall see her,  they will say she is his wife; and they  will kill you, but they will save her alive;  therefore see that ye do on this wise,  let her say unto the Egyptians, she is thy  sister, and thy soul shall live. And it  came to pass that I, Abraham, told Sarai,  my wife, all that the Lord had said unto  me; therefore say unto them, I pray thee,  thou art my sister, that it may be well  with me for thy sake, and my soul shall  live because of thee.
16. And I, Abraham, had the Urim  and Thummim, which the Lord my God  had given unto me, in Ur of the Chaldees;  and I saw the stars also that they were  very great, and that one of them was  nearest unto the throne of God; and there  were many great ones, which were near  unto it; and the Lord said unto me, these  are the governing ones; and the name of  the great one is Kolob, because it is near  unto me: for I am the Lord thy God, I  have set this one to govern all those which  belong to the same order of that upon  which thou standest. And the Lord said  unto me, by the Urim and Thummim, that  Kolob was after the manner of the Lord,  according to its times and seasons in the  Revolutions thereof, that one revolution  was a day unto the Lord, after his man ner of reckoning, it being one thousand  years according to the time appointed unto  that whereon thou standest; this is the reck oning of the Lord’s time, according to the  reckoning of Kolob.
17. And the Lord said unto me, the  planet, which is the lesser light, lesser  than that which is to rule the day, even  the night, is above, or greater than that  upon which thou standest, in point of reck oning, for it moveth in order more slow:  this is in order, because it standeth above  the earth upon which thou standest, there fore, the reckoning of its time is not so  many as to its number of days, and of  months, and of years. And the Lord said  unto me, now, Abraham, these two facts  exist, behold thine eyes seeth it; it is giv en unto thee to know the times of reckon ing, and the set times, yea the set time  of the earth upon which thou standest,  and the set time of the greater light, which  is set to rule the day, and the set time of the  lesser light, which is set to rule the night.
18. Now the set time of the lesser light,  is a longer time as to its reckoning, than  the reckoning of the time of the earth up on which thou standest; and where these  two facts exist, there shall be another  fact above them, that is, there shall be  another planet whose reckoning of time  shall be longer still; and thus there shall  be the reckoning of the time of one planet  above another, until thou come nigh un to Kolob, which Kolob, is after the reck oning of the Lord’s time; which, Kolob,  is set nigh unto the throne of God, to gov ern all those planets which belong to the  same order of that upon which thou stand est. And it is given unto thee, to know  the set time of all the stars, that are set to  give light, until thou come near unto the  throne of God.
19. Thus I, Abraham, talked with the  Lord, face to face, as one man talketh  with another; and he told me of the works  which his hands had made; and he said  unto me, my son, my son, and his hand  was stretched out, behold I will shew you  all these. And he put his hand upon  mine eyes, and I saw those things, which  his hands had made, which were many;  and they multiplied before mine eyes, and  I could not see the end thereof: and he  said unto me this is Shinehah, (which is  the sun.) And he said unto me, Kokob,  which is star. And he said unto me, [p. [719]]
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As discussed in the general introduction to the Book of Abraham manuscripts on this website, JS and his scribes Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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spent considerable time in 1835 engaged in two separate yet related endeavors: a language-study effort that produced a number of Egyptian alphabet and grammar manuscripts; and the translation of the Book of Abraham, which yielded several Abraham manuscripts. However, none of their work related to Abraham appeared in print until 1842. At that time a portion, if not all, of the Abraham material available was published at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in three installments of the Times and Seasons, two in March and one in May of that year as the Book of Abraham.
The Times and Seasons text featured here did not divide the material into chapters, but did include thirty-two numbered verses. In contrast, later publication of these Abraham texts, including those in use today, arrange the thirty-two verses of the Times and Seasons version into five chapters containing 136 shorter verses.
The first of the three printed installments, published on 1 March 1842, included the first thirteen verses (what is currently Abraham 1:1–2:18) of JS’s translation, plus facsimile 1. The second installment, published under date of 15 March but actually printed on 19 March (Woodruff, Journal, 19 Mar. 1842), included verses 14–32 (currently Abraham 2:19–5:21), plus facsimile 2. Neither of the first two installments featured hieratic characters in the left margin of the text, as did some earlier manuscripts. The third and final Times and Seasons installment of the Book of Abraham was published on 16 May and featured only facsimile 3.
A document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–A [Abraham 1:1–2:18]) produced in late 1841 or early 1842 in Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s handwriting likely served as a printer’s manuscript for the first installment described above (verses 1–13 and facsimile 1; currently Abraham 1:1–2:18). A second document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–B [Abraham 3:18–26], also in Richards’s hand, probably served as a printer’s manuscript for the second installment (verses 14–23; currently Abraham 3:18–26). Manuscripts for the contents of both facsimile 3 and the last nine verses in the Times and Seasons version of the Book of Abraham (currently Abraham 4:3–5:21) are not extant.
Evidence from multiple sources suggests that JS may have produced other Abraham material that is no longer extant. However, JS did not subsequently publish any additional Abraham texts. (Hauglid, Textual History of the Book of Abraham, 5–6.)

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