53991683

Book of Abraham, Early 1842

green herb for meat, and all these things shall be thus organized. And the Gods said we will do every thing that we have said, and organize them; and, behold, they shall be very obedient. And it came to pass that it was from evening until morning, they called night; and it came to pass that it was from morning until evening, they called day; and they numbered the sixth time.
30. And thus we will finish the heavens and the earth, and all the hosts of them. And the Gods said among themselves, on the seventh time, we will end our work, which we have counselled; and we will rest on the seventh time from all our work which we have counselled. And the Gods concluded upon the seventh time, because, that on the seventh time they would rest from all their works, which they, the Gods, counselled among themselves to form, and sanctified it. And thus were their decisions, at the time that they counselled among themselves to form the heavens and the earth. And the Gods came down and formed these, the generations of the heavens, and of the earth, when they were formed, in the day that the Gods formed the earth and the heavens, according to all that, which they had said, concerning every plant of the field, before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field, before it grew; for the Gods had not caused it to rain upon the earth, when they counselled to do them; and had not formed a man to till the ground; but there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground. And the Gods formed man from the dust of the ground, and took his spirit, that is the man’s spirit, and put it into him, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and man became a living soul.
31. And the Gods planted a garden, eastward in Eden, and there they put the man, whose spirit they had put into the body, which they had formed. And out of the ground made the Gods to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food: the tree of life, also, in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. There was a river running out of Eden, to water the garden, and from thence it was parted and became into four heads. And the Gods took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep it: and the Gods commanded the man, saying, of every tree of the Garden, thou mayest freely eat, but of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it, for in the time that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Now I, Abraham, saw that it was after the Lord’s time, which was after the time of Kolob; for as yet, the Gods had not appointed unto Adam his reckoning.
32. And the Gods said, Let us make an help meet for the man, for it is not good that the man should be alone, therefore we will form an help meet for him. And the Gods caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam; and he slept, and they took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in the stead thereof, and the rib which the Gods had taken from man, formed they a woman, and brought her unto the man. And Adam said this was bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh, now she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man; therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife, and they shall be one flesh. And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed. And out of the ground the Gods formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air, and brought unto Adam to see what he would call them; and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that should be the name thereof. And Adam gave names to all cattle, to the fowl of the air, to every beast of the field; and for Adam there was found an help meet for him. [p. 722]
green herb for meat, and all these things  shall be thus organized. And the Gods  said we will do every thing that we have  said, and organize them; and, behold, they  shall be very obedient. And it came to  pass that it was from evening until morn ing, they called night; and it came to pass  that it was from morning until evening,  they called day; and they numbered the  sixth time.
30. And thus we will finish the heav ens and the earth, and all the hosts of  them. And the Gods said among them selves, on the seventh time, we will end  our work, which we have counselled; and  we will rest on the seventh time from all our  work which we have counselled. And the  Gods concluded upon the seventh time,  because, that on the seventh time they  would rest from all their works, which they,  the Gods, counselled among themselves  to form, and sanctified it. And thus  were their decisions, at the time that they  counselled among themselves to form the  heavens and the earth. And the Gods  came down and formed these, the genera tions of the heavens, and of the earth,  when they were formed, in the day that  the Gods formed the earth and the heav ens, according to all that, which they had  said, concerning every plant of the field,  before it was in the earth, and every  herb of the field, before it grew; for the  Gods had not caused it to rain upon the  earth, when they counselled to do them;  and had not formed a man to till the  ground; but there went up a mist from  the earth, and watered the whole face of  the ground. And the Gods formed man  from the dust of the ground, and took his  spirit, that is the man’s spirit, and put it  into him, and breathed into his nostrils  the breath of life, and man became a liv ing soul.
31. And the Gods planted a garden,  eastward in Eden, and there they put the  man, whose spirit they had put into the  body, which they had formed. And out  of the ground made the Gods to grow ev ery tree that is pleasant to the sight, and  good for food: the tree of life, also, in  the midst of the garden, and the tree of  knowledge of good and evil. There was  a river running out of Eden, to water the  garden, and from thence it was parted  and became into four heads. And the  Gods took the man and put him in the  Garden of Eden, to dress it and to keep  it: and the Gods commanded the man,  saying, of every tree of the Garden, thou  mayest freely eat, but of the tree of  knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt  not eat of it, for in the time that thou eat est thereof, thou shalt surely die. Now  I, Abraham, saw that it was after the  Lord’s time, which was after the time of  Kolob; for as yet, the Gods had not ap pointed unto Adam his reckoning.
32. And the Gods said, Let us make  an help meet for the man, for it is not  good that the man should be alone, there fore we will form an help meet for him.  And the Gods caused a deep sleep to fall  upon Adam; and he slept, and they took  one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh  in the stead thereof, and the rib which  the Gods had taken from man, formed  they a woman, and brought her unto the  man. And Adam said this was bone of  my bones, and flesh of my flesh, now she  shall be called woman, because she was  taken out of man; therefore shall a man  leave his father and his mother, and shall  cleave unto his wife, and they shall be  one flesh. And they were both naked,  the man and his wife, and were not  ashamed. And out of the ground the  Gods formed every beast of the field, and  every fowl of the air, and brought  unto Adam to see what he would call  them; and whatsoever Adam called every  living creature, that should be the name  thereof. And Adam gave names to all  cattle, to the fowl of the air, to every  beast of the field; and for Adam there  was found an help meet for him. [p. 722]
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As discussed in the general introduction to the Book of Abraham manuscripts on this website, JS and his scribes Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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spent considerable time in 1835 engaged in two separate yet related endeavors: a language-study effort that produced a number of Egyptian alphabet and grammar manuscripts; and the translation of the Book of Abraham, which yielded several Abraham manuscripts. However, none of their work related to Abraham appeared in print until 1842. At that time a portion, if not all, of the Abraham material available was published at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, in three installments of the Times and Seasons, two in March and one in May of that year as the Book of Abraham.
The Times and Seasons text featured here did not divide the material into chapters, but did include thirty-two numbered verses. In contrast, later publication of these Abraham texts, including those in use today, arrange the thirty-two verses of the Times and Seasons version into five chapters containing 136 shorter verses.
The first of the three printed installments, published on 1 March 1842, included the first thirteen verses (what is currently Abraham 1:1–2:18) of JS’s translation, plus facsimile 1. The second installment, published under date of 15 March but actually printed on 19 March (Woodruff, Journal, 19 Mar. 1842), included verses 14–32 (currently Abraham 2:19–5:21), plus facsimile 2. Neither of the first two installments featured hieratic characters in the left margin of the text, as did some earlier manuscripts. The third and final Times and Seasons installment of the Book of Abraham was published on 16 May and featured only facsimile 3.
A document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–A [Abraham 1:1–2:18]) produced in late 1841 or early 1842 in Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s handwriting likely served as a printer’s manuscript for the first installment described above (verses 1–13 and facsimile 1; currently Abraham 1:1–2:18). A second document (Willard Richards Copy of Abraham Manuscript, Early 1842–B [Abraham 3:18–26], also in Richards’s hand, probably served as a printer’s manuscript for the second installment (verses 14–23; currently Abraham 3:18–26). Manuscripts for the contents of both facsimile 3 and the last nine verses in the Times and Seasons version of the Book of Abraham (currently Abraham 4:3–5:21) are not extant.
Evidence from multiple sources suggests that JS may have produced other Abraham material that is no longer extant. However, JS did not subsequently publish any additional Abraham texts. (Hauglid, Textual History of the Book of Abraham, 5–6.)

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