Declaration, 21 June 1834

Being a Citizen of Clay County and Knowing that there  is considerable excitement amongst the people thereof and also  Knowing that diferent reports are arriving almost hourly and  being requested by the Hon J[ohn] F Ryland to meet the Mormon army  and obtain from the leaders thereof the Correctness of the various reports  in Circulation & the true intent and meaning of their present  movement and their views generally. regarding the dificul ties existing betwen them and the people of Jackson County  I did in Company with other gentlemen Call upon the said  leaders of the mormons at their Camp in Clay County. And  now give to the people of Clay County the substance  of what passed between us. Cornelius Gilliam
June 21st. 1834
Being Called upon by the above named gentlemen at our  Camp in Clay County to ascertain from the leaders thereof  our intentions, views and designes in approaching the country in  the manner that we have: We; therefore, the more cheerfully  comply with the requests because we were called upon by gentlem[en]  [o]f good feeling and who were <are> disposed for peace and an  amicable settlement of the difficulties existing between us and the  people of Jackson County.
The reports of our intentions are various; and have gone  abroad in a light which is calculated to arouse the feelings  of almost every man. For instance, One report is that we  intend to demolish the printing office in Liberty. Another  report is, that we intend crossing the Missouri River on sunday  next and falling upon women and children and slay  them. Another is, that our men were employed to perform  them this expedition, being taken from Manufactoring establishments  <in the east> that had closed business. Also, that we carried a flag bearing  peace on one side, and blood or war on the other, and various  others too numerous to mention; all of which, a plain declaration  of our intentions from under our own hands, will show  are not correct.
In the first place, it is not our intentions to commence  any hostilities against any man or boddy of men; it is  not our intention to injure any ma[n]’s person or property, except  in defending ourselves. Our flag has been exhibited to the  above gentlemen who will be able to describe it, and our  men were not from any Manufactoring establishment at  all. But it is our intention to go back upon our lands  in Jackson County by order of the Executive if possible.  We have brought our arms for the purpose of self defence,  as it is well known to almost all people of the state that we  have reason to put ourselves in an attitude of defence, consid[er]ing  the abuse that we have suffered in Jackson County.
We are anxious for a settlement of the difficulties existing  between us upon honorable and constitutional principles.
We are willing that twelve disinterested men, six chosen [p. [1]]
JS, John Lincoln, Frederick G. Williams, C. K. Morehead, Lyman Wight, Roger Orton, John Sconce, Orson Hyde, James H. Long, John S. Carter, and James Collings, declaration, Liberty, MO, 21 June 1834; two pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes endorsements.