31151

Declaration, 21 June 1834

Being a Citizen of Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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and Knowing that there is considerable excitement amongst the people thereof and also Knowing that diferent reports are arriving almost hourly and being requested by the Hon John F Ryland

2 Nov. 1797–10 Sept. 1873. Teacher, farmer, lawyer, judge. Born in King and Queen Co., Virginia. Son of Joseph Ryland and Rosamiah Molly. Moved to Richmond, Madison Co., Kentucky, 1809. Attended Forest Hill Academy in Washington Co. (later in Marion Co.),...

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to meet the Mormon army and obtain from the leaders thereof the Correctness of the various reports in Circulation & the true intent and meaning of their present movement and their views generally. regarding the dificulties existing betwen them and the people of Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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I did in Company with other gentlemen Call upon the said leaders of the mormons at their Camp in Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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. And now give to the people of Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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the substance of what passed between us. Cornelius Gilliam

13 Apr. 1798–24 Mar. 1848. Politician, military officer. Born near Mount Pisgah, Buncombe Co., North Carolina. Son of Epaphroditus Gilliam and Sarah Ann Israel. Moved to Missouri, before 1820. Married Mary Crawford, 1820/1821, in Ray Co. (later in Clay Co...

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June 21st. 1834
Being Called upon by the above named gentlemen at our Camp

The name of the spring 1834 military expedition from Kirtland, Ohio, to Clay County, Missouri. It later came to be known as “Zion’s Camp.” This relief expedition, appointed by revelation and led by JS, consisted of about two hundred armed but largely untrained...

View Glossary
in Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

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to ascertain from the leaders thereof our intentions, views and designes in approaching the country in the manner that we have: We; therefore, the more cheerfully comply with the requests because we were called upon by gentlemen of good feeling and who are disposed for peace and an amicable settlement of the difficulties existing between us and the people of Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
The reports of our intentions are various; and have gone abroad in a light calculated to arouse the feelings of almost every man. For instance, One report is that we intend to demolish the printing office in Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

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. Another report is, that we intend crossing the Missouri River

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi near Saint Louis, Missouri river drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark, 1804...

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on sunday next and falling upon women and children and slay them. Another is, that our men were employed to perform this expedition, being taken from Manufactoring establishments in the east that had closed business. Also, that we carried a flag bearing peace on one side, and blood or war on the other, and various others too numerous to mention; all of which, a plain declaration of our intentions from under our own hands, will show are not correct.
In the first place, it is not our intentions to commence hostilities against any man or boddy of men; it is not our intention to injure any man’s person or property, except in defending ourselves. Our flag has been exhibited to the above gentlemen who will be able to describe it, and our men were not from any Manufactoring establishment at all. But it is our intention to go back upon our lands in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
by order of the Executive

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

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if possible. We have brought our arms for the purpose of self defence, as it is well known to almost all people of the state that we have reason to put ourselves in an attitude of defence, considering the abuse that we have suffered in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
We are anxious for a settlement of the difficulties existing between us upon honorable and constitutional principles.
We are willing that twelve disinterested men, six chosen [p. [1]]
Being a Citizen of Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
and Knowing that there  is considerable excitement amongst the people thereof and also  Knowing that diferent reports are arriving almost hourly and  being requested by the Hon J[ohn] F Ryland

2 Nov. 1797–10 Sept. 1873. Teacher, farmer, lawyer, judge. Born in King and Queen Co., Virginia. Son of Joseph Ryland and Rosamiah Molly. Moved to Richmond, Madison Co., Kentucky, 1809. Attended Forest Hill Academy in Washington Co. (later in Marion Co.),...

View Full Bio
to meet the Mormon army  and obtain from the leaders thereof the Correctness of the various reports  in Circulation & the true intent and meaning of their present  movement and their views generally. regarding the dificul ties existing betwen them and the people of Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
 I did in Company with other gentlemen Call upon the said  leaders of the mormons at their Camp in Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
. And  now give to the people of Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
the substance  of what passed between us. Cornelius Gilliam

13 Apr. 1798–24 Mar. 1848. Politician, military officer. Born near Mount Pisgah, Buncombe Co., North Carolina. Son of Epaphroditus Gilliam and Sarah Ann Israel. Moved to Missouri, before 1820. Married Mary Crawford, 1820/1821, in Ray Co. (later in Clay Co...

View Full Bio
June 21st. 1834
Being Called upon by the above named gentlemen at our  Camp

The name of the spring 1834 military expedition from Kirtland, Ohio, to Clay County, Missouri. It later came to be known as “Zion’s Camp.” This relief expedition, appointed by revelation and led by JS, consisted of about two hundred armed but largely untrained...

View Glossary
in Clay County

Settled ca. 1800. Organized from Ray Co., 1822. Original size diminished when land was taken to create several surrounding counties. Liberty designated county seat, 1822. Population in 1830 about 5,000; in 1836 about 8,500; and in 1840 about 8,300. Refuge...

More Info
to ascertain from the leaders thereof  our intentions, views and designes in approaching the country in  the manner that we have: We; therefore, the more cheerfully  comply with the requests because we were called upon by gentlem[en]  [o]f good feeling and who were <are> disposed for peace and an  amicable settlement of the difficulties existing between us and the  people of Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
The reports of our intentions are various; and have gone  abroad in a light which is calculated to arouse the feelings  of almost every man. For instance, One report is that we  intend to demolish the printing office in Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
. Another  report is, that we intend crossing the Missouri River

One of longest rivers in North America, in excess of 3,000 miles. From headwaters in Montana to confluence with Mississippi near Saint Louis, Missouri river drains 580,000 square miles (about one-sixth of continental U.S.). Explored by Lewis and Clark, 1804...

More Info
on sunday  next and falling upon women and children and slay  them. Another is, that our men were employed to perform  them this expedition, being taken from Manufactoring establishments  <in the east> that had closed business. Also, that we carried a flag bearing  peace on one side, and blood or war on the other, and various  others too numerous to mention; all of which, a plain declaration  of our intentions from under our own hands, will show  are not correct.
In the first place, it is not our intentions to commence  any hostilities against any man or boddy of men; it is  not our intention to injure any ma[n]’s person or property, except  in defending ourselves. Our flag has been exhibited to the  above gentlemen who will be able to describe it, and our  men were not from any Manufactoring establishment at  all. But it is our intention to go back upon our lands  in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
by order of the Executive

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

View Full Bio
if possible.  We have brought our arms for the purpose of self defence,  as it is well known to almost all people of the state that we  have reason to put ourselves in an attitude of defence, consid[er]ing  the abuse that we have suffered in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
.
We are anxious for a settlement of the difficulties existing  between us upon honorable and constitutional principles.
We are willing that twelve disinterested men, six chosen [p. [1]]
Next
JS, John Lincoln, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, C. K. Morehead, Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
, Roger Orton

Ca. 1799–1851. Miller. Son of Roger Orton and Esther Avery. Moved to Geneseo, Ontario Co., New York, by 1810. Married Clarissa Bicknell, ca. 1822. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder, by 1834. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri,...

View Full Bio
, John Sconce, Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, James H. Long, John S. Carter, and James Collings, declaration, Liberty

Located in western Missouri, thirteen miles north of Independence. Settled 1820. Clay Co. seat, 1822. Incorporated as town, May 1829. Following expulsion from Jackson Co., 1833, many Latter-day Saints found refuge in Clay Co., with church leaders and other...

More Info
, MO, 21 June 1834; two pages; JS Collection, CHL. Includes endorsements.

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