Of Governments and Laws in
That our belief, with
regard to earthly governments and laws in general, may not be
misinterpreted nor misunderstood, we have thought proper to present, at
the close of this volume, our opinion concerning the same.
1 We believe that Governments were instituted of God for
the benefit of man, and that he holds men accountable for their acts
in relation to them, either in making laws or administer ing them, for the
good and safety of society.
2 We believe that no Government
can exist, in peace, ex cept such laws are framed and held inviolate as
will secure to each individual the free exercise of con[s]cience, the right and control of property and
the protection of life.
3 We believe that all Governments
necessarily require civil officers and magistrates to enforce the laws of
the same, and that such as will administer the law in equity and justice
should be sought for and upheld by the voice of the people, (if a
Republic,) or the will of the Sovereign.
4 We believe that
religion is instituted of God, and that men are amenable to him and to him
only for the exercise of it, unless their religious opinion prompts them
to infringe up on the rights and liberties of others; but we do not believe
that human law has a right to interfere in prescribing rules of
wor ship to bind the consciences of men, nor dictate forms for pub lic
or private devotion; that the civil magistrate should re strain crime, but
never control conscience; should punish guilt, but never surpress the
freedom of the soul.
5 We believe that all men are bound to
sustain and uphold the respective Governments in which they reside, while
pro tected in their inherent and unalienable rights by the laws of
such Governments, and that sedition and rebellion are unbe coming
every citizen thus protected, and should be punished accordingly; and that
all Governments have a right to enact such laws as in their own judgments
are best calculated to se cure the public interest, at the same time,
however, holding sac red the freedom of conscience.
We believe that every man should be honored in his sta tion: rulers and
magistrates as such—being placed for the pro tection of the innocent and
the punishment of the guilty; and that to the laws all men owe respect and
deference, as without