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Doctrine and Covenants, 1835

your loins girt about with truth; having on the breastplate of righteousness; and your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace which I have sent mine angels to commit unto you, taking the shield of faith wherewith ye shall be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked; and take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of my Spirit, which I will pour out upon you, and my word which I reveal unto you, and be agreed as touching all things whatsoever ye ask of me, and be faithful until I come, and ye shall be caught up that where I am ye shall be also. Amen.
 

Section 51 • Revelation, September 1830–B [D&C 28]

SECTION LI.
 
Revelation given to Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, September, 1830.
 
1 Behold I say unto thee, Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, that it shall be given unto thee, that thou shalt be heard by the church, in all things whatsoever thou shalt teach them by the Comforter, concerning the revelations and commandments which I have given.
2 But behold, verily, verily I say unto thee, no one shall be appointed to receive commandments and revelations in this church, excepting my servant Joseph Smith, jr. for he receiveth them even as Moses; and thou shalt be obedient unto the things which I shall give unto him, even as Aaron, to declare faithfully the commandments and the revelations, with power and authority unto the church. And if thou art led at any time by the Comforter to speak or teach, or at all times by the way of commandment unto the church, thou mayest do it. But thou shalt not write by way of commandment, but by wisdom: And thou shalt not command him who is at thy head, and at the head of the church; for I have given him the keys of the mysteries and the revelations which are sealed, until I shall appoint unto them another in his stead.
3 And now, behold I say unto you, that you shall go unto the Lamanites and preach my gospel unto them; and inasmuch as they receive thy teachings, thou shalt cause my church to be established among them, and thou shalt have revelations but write them not by way of commandment. And now behold I say unto you, that it is not revealed, and no man knoweth where the city shall be built, but it shall be given hereafter. Behold I say unto you, that it shall be on the borders by the Lamanites.
4 Thou shalt not leave this place until after the conference and my servant Joseph shall be appointed to preside over the conference by the voice of it, and what he saith to thee thou shalt tell. And again, thou shalt take thy brother Hiram

1800–12 Aug. 1852. Physician, farmer. Born in Vermont. Married Catherine Whitmer, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 11 Apr. 1830, at Seneca Lake,...

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[p. 181]
your loins girt about with truth; having on the breastplate of  righteousness; and your feet shod with the preparation of the  gospel of peace which I have sent mine angels to commit un to you, taking the shield of faith wherewith ye shall be able  to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked; and take the hel met of salvation, and the sword of my Spirit, which I will  pour out upon you, and my word which I reveal unto you,  and be agreed as touching all things whatsoever ye ask of me,  and be faithful until I come, and ye shall be caught up that  where I am ye shall be also. Amen.
 

Section 51 • Revelation, September 1830–B [D&C 28]

SECTION LI.
 
Revelation given to Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, September, 1830.
 
1 Behold I say unto thee, Oliver

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, that it shall be given unto  thee, that thou shalt be heard by the church, in all things  whatsoever thou shalt teach them by the Comforter, concern ing the revelations and commandments which I have given.
2 But behold, verily, verily I say unto thee, no one shall be  appointed to receive commandments and revelations in this  church, excepting my servant Joseph Smith, jr. for he receiv eth them even as Moses; and thou shalt be obedient unto the  things which I shall give unto him, even as Aaron, to declare  faithfully the commandments and the revelations, with power  and authority unto the church. And if thou art led at any time  by the Comforter to speak or teach, or at all times by the way  of commandment unto the church, thou mayest do it. But  thou shalt not write by way of commandment, but by wisdom:  And thou shalt not command him who is at thy head, and at  the head of the church; for I have given him the keys of the  mysteries and the revelations which are sealed, until I shall  appoint unto them another in his stead.
3 And now, behold I say unto you, that you shall go unto the  Lamanites and preach my gospel unto them; and inasmuch  as they receive thy teachings, thou shalt cause my church to  be established among them, and thou shalt have revelations  but write them not by way of commandment. And now be hold I say unto you, that it is not revealed, and no man know eth where the city shall be built, but it shall be given hereaf ter. Behold I say unto you, that it shall be on the borders by  the Lamanites.
4 Thou shalt not leave this place until after the conference  and my servant Joseph shall be appointed to preside over the  conference by the voice of it, and what he saith to thee thou  shalt tell. And again, thou shalt take thy brother Hiram

1800–12 Aug. 1852. Physician, farmer. Born in Vermont. Married Catherine Whitmer, 10 Nov. 1825, in Seneca Co., New York. One of the Eight Witnesses of the Book of Mormon, June 1829. Baptized into LDS church by Oliver Cowdery, 11 Apr. 1830, at Seneca Lake,...

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[p. 181]
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Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God, and Compiled by Joseph Smith Junior. Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, -[Presiding Elders of said Church.]- Proprietors.; Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams & Co., 1835; i–iv, 5–257, 25 pages of back matter paginated i–xxv; includes typeset signature marks and copyright notice. The copy presented herein is held at CHL; includes marginalia and archival markings.
This book was printed in octavo format on eighteen sheets, which were folded to make eighteen gatherings of eight leaves (sixteen pages) each. The text block consists of 288 pages measuring 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm).1

In addition to the 282 pages identified in the preceding paragraph, the text block includes six unnumbered pages not accounted for in the pagination: a blank page after page 257 and five blank pages at the end of the volume, after page xxv.  


The sheets were likely printed using a work-and-turn technique, yielding two copies of the same gathering for each sheet.2

An uncut sheet of the first Kirtland issue (Dec. 1833) of The Evening and the Morning Star, which was printed on the same press as the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, is super royal size, or approximately 27½ × 20 inches (70 × 51 cm). Had the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, which was printed in octavo format, been printed on super royal–size paper with a sheetwise technique (one gathering per sheet), each sheet would have yielded eight leaves measuring approximately 10 × 6⅞ inches (25 × 17 cm) each, a page size significantly larger than was needed for the Doctrine and Covenants, which measures approximately 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm). If a work-and-turn technique had been used, each sheet would have yielded sixteen leaves measuring approximately 6⅞ × 5 inches (17 × 13 cm) each, leaving about a quarter inch to be trimmed from the top and bottom of each leaf and about a half an inch to be trimmed from the outside edge.  


Different bindings exist among the extant copies from this printing of the Doctrine and Covenants because copies were bound at different times.3

Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:57.  


The copy of the book featured herein, which belonged to early church member and leader Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, measures 6¼ × 4⅜ × ⅞ inches (16 × 11 × 2 cm). The cover is made from brown leather, with gilt and blind tooling on the spine and around the edges of the front and back covers. “Doctrine & | Covenants” is stamped on the spine in gilt. The front and back pastedowns, the front flyleaf, and the back flyleaf are single-sided marbled leaves featuring a Spanish pattern with blue shell body and shell veins of red and yellow. The verso of the front flyleaf bears a notation in graphite in unidentified handwriting, which was later stricken: “Presented, By. The hand of his mother E[lizabeth] A[nn]. Whitney

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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to her Son Joshua [Kimball Whitney] on Tuesday Nov 26th 1872 S[alt]. L[ake]. City”. The recto of the subsequent unprinted page bears several notations, all in unidentified handwriting: “RN- 232438”, “Vault | Book | M223.1 | D637 | 1835 | no.4”, “E[lizabeth]. A[nn]. Whitneys | Book”, “G. S. L. City | May 23d. 1858.”, and “Sister Elia ◊◊◊◊ | see me at ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊”. The verso of that page is blank, as is the following leaf. The title page bears the signature of “N[ewel] K Whitney”. The final gathering of the book ends with two blank leaves. Two additional blank leaves were included, followed by a single flyleaf and the pastedown. The recto of the back flyleaf bears a light graphite notation in unidentified handwriting: “Mrs Whitney”.
After the death of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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in 1850, his wife Elizabeth Ann

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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took possession of the book and then gave it to her son Joshua Kimball Whitney in 1872. The book remained in the Whitney family until it was acquired by the Historical Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1987.

Facts