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Doctrine and Covenants, 1835

beings, and prevent them from embracing the truth, will have to answer for that sin.
 

Section 102 • Declaration of Belief, circa August 1835

SECTION CII.
 
Of Governments and Laws in General.
 
That our belief, with regard to earthly governments and laws in general, may not be misinterpreted nor misunderstood, we have thought proper to present, at the close of this volume, our opinion concerning the same.
1 We believe that Governments were instituted of God for the benefit of man, and that he holds men accountable for their acts in relation to them, either in making laws or administering them, for the good and safety of society.
2 We believe that no Government can exist, in peace, except such laws are framed and held inviolate as will secure to each individual the free exercise of concience, the right and control of property and the protection of life.
3 We believe that all Governments necessarily require civil officers and magistrates to enforce the laws of the same, and that such as will administer the law in equity and justice should be sought for and upheld by the voice of the people, (if a Republic,) or the will of the Sovereign.
4 We believe that religion is instituted of God, and that men are amenable to him and to him only for the exercise of it, unless their religious opinion prompts them to infringe upon the rights and liberties of others; but we do not believe that human law has a right to interfere in prescribing rules of worship to bind the consciences of men, nor dictate forms for public or private devotion; that the civil magistrate should restrain crime, but never control conscience; should punish guilt, but never surpress the freedom of the soul.
5 We believe that all men are bound to sustain and uphold the respective Governments in which they reside, while protected in their inherent and unalienable rights by the laws of such Governments, and that sedition and rebellion are unbecoming every citizen thus protected, and should be punished accordingly; and that all Governments have a right to enact such laws as in their own judgments are best calculated to secure the public interest, at the same time, however, holding sacred the freedom of conscience.
6 We believe that every man should be honored in his station: rulers and magistrates as such—being placed for the protection of the innocent and the punishment of the guilty; and that to the laws all men owe respect and deference, as without [p. 252]
beings, and prevent them from embracing the truth, will have  to answer for that sin.
 

Section 102 • Declaration of Belief, circa August 1835

SECTION CII.
 
Of Governments and Laws in General.
 
That our belief, with regard to earthly governments and laws in  general, may not be misinterpreted nor misunderstood, we  have thought proper to present, at the close of this volume, our  opinion concerning the same.
1 We believe that Governments were instituted of God for  the benefit of man, and that he holds men accountable for their  acts in relation to them, either in making laws or administer ing them, for the good and safety of society.
2 We believe that no Government can exist, in peace, ex cept such laws are framed and held inviolate as will secure to  each individual the free exercise of concience, the right and  control of property and the protection of life.
3 We believe that all Governments necessarily require civil  officers and magistrates to enforce the laws of the same, and  that such as will administer the law in equity and justice  should be sought for and upheld by the voice of the people,  (if a Republic,) or the will of the Sovereign.
4 We believe that religion is instituted of God, and that  men are amenable to him and to him only for the exercise of  it, unless their religious opinion prompts them to infringe up on the rights and liberties of others; but we do not believe that  human law has a right to interfere in prescribing rules of wor ship to bind the consciences of men, nor dictate forms for pub lic or private devotion; that the civil magistrate should re strain crime, but never control conscience; should punish  guilt, but never surpress the freedom of the soul.
5 We believe that all men are bound to sustain and uphold  the respective Governments in which they reside, while pro tected in their inherent and unalienable rights by the laws of  such Governments, and that sedition and rebellion are unbe coming every citizen thus protected, and should be punished  accordingly; and that all Governments have a right to enact  such laws as in their own judgments are best calculated to se cure the public interest, at the same time, however, holding sac red the freedom of conscience.
6 We believe that every man should be honored in his sta tion: rulers and magistrates as such—being placed for the pro tection of the innocent and the punishment of the guilty; and  that to the laws all men owe respect and deference, as without [p. 252]
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Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God, and Compiled by Joseph Smith Junior. Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, -[Presiding Elders of said Church.]- Proprietors.; Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams & Co., 1835; i–iv, 5–257, 25 pages of back matter paginated i–xxv; includes typeset signature marks and copyright notice. The copy presented herein is held at CHL; includes marginalia and archival markings.
This book was printed in octavo format on eighteen sheets, which were folded to make eighteen gatherings of eight leaves (sixteen pages) each. The text block consists of 288 pages measuring 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm).1

In addition to the 282 pages identified in the preceding paragraph, the text block includes six unnumbered pages not accounted for in the pagination: a blank page after page 257 and five blank pages at the end of the volume, after page xxv.  


The sheets were likely printed using a work-and-turn technique, yielding two copies of the same gathering for each sheet.2

An uncut sheet of the first Kirtland issue (Dec. 1833) of The Evening and the Morning Star, which was printed on the same press as the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, is super royal size, or approximately 27½ × 20 inches (70 × 51 cm). Had the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, which was printed in octavo format, been printed on super royal–size paper with a sheetwise technique (one gathering per sheet), each sheet would have yielded eight leaves measuring approximately 10 × 6⅞ inches (25 × 17 cm) each, a page size significantly larger than was needed for the Doctrine and Covenants, which measures approximately 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm). If a work-and-turn technique had been used, each sheet would have yielded sixteen leaves measuring approximately 6⅞ × 5 inches (17 × 13 cm) each, leaving about a quarter inch to be trimmed from the top and bottom of each leaf and about a half an inch to be trimmed from the outside edge.  


Different bindings exist among the extant copies from this printing of the Doctrine and Covenants because copies were bound at different times.3

Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:57.  


The copy of the book featured herein, which belonged to early church member and leader Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, measures 6¼ × 4⅜ × ⅞ inches (16 × 11 × 2 cm). The cover is made from brown leather, with gilt and blind tooling on the spine and around the edges of the front and back covers. “Doctrine & | Covenants” is stamped on the spine in gilt. The front and back pastedowns, the front flyleaf, and the back flyleaf are single-sided marbled leaves featuring a Spanish pattern with blue shell body and shell veins of red and yellow. The verso of the front flyleaf bears a notation in graphite in unidentified handwriting, which was later stricken: “Presented, By. The hand of his mother E[lizabeth] A[nn]. Whitney

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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to her Son Joshua [Kimball Whitney] on Tuesday Nov 26th 1872 S[alt]. L[ake]. City”. The recto of the subsequent unprinted page bears several notations, all in unidentified handwriting: “RN- 232438”, “Vault | Book | M223.1 | D637 | 1835 | no.4”, “E[lizabeth]. A[nn]. Whitneys | Book”, “G. S. L. City | May 23d. 1858.”, and “Sister Elia ◊◊◊◊ | see me at ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊”. The verso of that page is blank, as is the following leaf. The title page bears the signature of “N[ewel] K Whitney”. The final gathering of the book ends with two blank leaves. Two additional blank leaves were included, followed by a single flyleaf and the pastedown. The recto of the back flyleaf bears a light graphite notation in unidentified handwriting: “Mrs Whitney”.
After the death of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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in 1850, his wife Elizabeth Ann

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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took possession of the book and then gave it to her son Joshua Kimball Whitney in 1872. The book remained in the Whitney family until it was acquired by the Historical Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1987.

Facts