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Doctrine and Covenants, 1835

Verily this is fasting and prayer; or, in other words, rejoicing and prayer.
4 And inasmuch as ye do these things, with thanksgiving, with cheerful hearts, and countenances; not with much laughter, for this is sin, but with a glad heart and a cheerful countenance; verily I say, that inasmuch as ye do this the fulness of the earth is yours: the beasts of the fields, and the fowls of the air, and that which climbeth upon the trees, and walketh upon the earth: yea, and the herb, and the good things which cometh of the earth, whether for food or for raiment, or for houses or for barns, or for orchards, or for gardens, or for vineyards: yea, all things which cometh of the earth, in the season thereof, is made for the benefit and the use of man, both to please the eye, and to gladden the heart: yea, for food and for raiment, for taste, and for smell, to strengthen the body, and to enliven the soul.
5 And it pleaseth God that he hath given all these things unto man: for unto this end were they made, to be used with judgment, not to excess, neither by extortion: and in nothing doth man offend God, or against none is his wrath kindled, save those who confess not his hand in all things, and obey not his commandments. Behold this is according to the law and the prophets: wherefore trouble me no more concerning this matter, but learn that he who doeth the works of righteousness, shall receive his reward, even peace in this world, and eternal life in the world to come. I the Lord have spoken it and the Spirit beareth record. Amen.
 

Section 20 • Revelation, 30 August 1831 [D&C 63]

SECTION XX.
 
Revelation given in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, August, 1831.
 
1 Hearken, O ye people, and open your hearts, and give ear from afar: and listen, you that call yourselves the people of the Lord, and hear the word of the Lord, and his will concerning you: yea, verily, I say, hear the word of him whose anger is kindled against the wicked, and rebellious; who willeth to take even them whom he will take, and preserveth in life them whom he will preserve: who buildeth up at his own will and pleasure; and destroyeth when he please; and is able to cast the soul down to hell.
2 Behold I the Lord utter my voice, and it shall be obeyed. Wherefore verily I say, let the wicked take heed, and let the rebellious fear, and tremble. And let the unbelieving hold their lips, for the day of wrath shall come upon them as a whirlwind, and all flesh shall know that I am God. And he that seeketh signs shall see signs, but not unto salvation. [p. 141]
Verily this is fasting and prayer; or, in other words, rejoicing  and prayer.
4 And inasmuch as ye do these things, with thanksgiving,  with cheerful hearts, and countenances; not with much laugh ter, for this is sin, but with a glad heart and a cheerful coun tenance; verily I say, that inasmuch as ye do this the fulness  of the earth is yours: the beasts of the fields, and the fowls  of the air, and that which climbeth upon the trees, and walk eth upon the earth: yea, and the herb, and the good things  which cometh of the earth, whether for food or for raiment,  or for houses or for barns, or for orchards, or for gardens, or  for vineyards: yea, all things which cometh of the earth, in the  season thereof, is made for the benefit and the use of man,  both to please the eye, and to gladden the heart: yea, for food  and for raiment, for taste, and for smell, to strengthen the bo dy, and to enliven the soul.
5 And it pleaseth God that he hath given all these things unto  man: for unto this end were they made, to be used with judg ment, not to excess, neither by extortion: and in nothing doth  man offend God, or against none is his wrath kindled, save  those who confess not his hand in all things, and obey not his  commandments. Behold this is according to the law and the  prophets: wherefore trouble me no more concerning this mat ter, but learn that he who doeth the works of righteousness,  shall receive his reward, even peace in this world, and eternal  life in the world to come. I the Lord have spoken it and the  Spirit beareth record. Amen.
 

Section 20 • Revelation, 30 August 1831 [D&C 63]

SECTION XX.
 
Revelation given in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, August, 1831.
 
1 Hearken, O ye people, and open your hearts, and give ear  from afar: and listen, you that call yourselves the people of  the Lord, and hear the word of the Lord, and his will con cerning you: yea, verily, I say, hear the word of him whose  anger is kindled against the wicked, and rebellious; who wil leth to take even them whom he will take, and preserveth in  life them whom he will preserve: who buildeth up at his own  will and pleasure; and destroyeth when he please; and is able  to cast the soul down to hell.
2 Behold I the Lord utter my voice, and it shall be obey ed. Wherefore verily I say, let the wicked take heed, and let  the rebellious fear, and tremble. And let the unbelieving hold  their lips, for the day of wrath shall come upon them as a  whirlwind, and all flesh shall know that I am God. And he  that seeketh signs shall see signs, but not unto salvation. [p. 141]
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Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God, and Compiled by Joseph Smith Junior. Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, Frederick G. Williams, -[Presiding Elders of said Church.]- Proprietors.; Kirtland, OH: F. G. Williams & Co., 1835; i–iv, 5–257, 25 pages of back matter paginated i–xxv; includes typeset signature marks and copyright notice. The copy presented herein is held at CHL; includes marginalia and archival markings.
This book was printed in octavo format on eighteen sheets, which were folded to make eighteen gatherings of eight leaves (sixteen pages) each. The text block consists of 288 pages measuring 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm).1

In addition to the 282 pages identified in the preceding paragraph, the text block includes six unnumbered pages not accounted for in the pagination: a blank page after page 257 and five blank pages at the end of the volume, after page xxv.  


The sheets were likely printed using a work-and-turn technique, yielding two copies of the same gathering for each sheet.2

An uncut sheet of the first Kirtland issue (Dec. 1833) of The Evening and the Morning Star, which was printed on the same press as the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, is super royal size, or approximately 27½ × 20 inches (70 × 51 cm). Had the 1835 Doctrine and Covenants, which was printed in octavo format, been printed on super royal–size paper with a sheetwise technique (one gathering per sheet), each sheet would have yielded eight leaves measuring approximately 10 × 6⅞ inches (25 × 17 cm) each, a page size significantly larger than was needed for the Doctrine and Covenants, which measures approximately 6 × 4 inches (15 × 10 cm). If a work-and-turn technique had been used, each sheet would have yielded sixteen leaves measuring approximately 6⅞ × 5 inches (17 × 13 cm) each, leaving about a quarter inch to be trimmed from the top and bottom of each leaf and about a half an inch to be trimmed from the outside edge.  


Different bindings exist among the extant copies from this printing of the Doctrine and Covenants because copies were bound at different times.3

Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:57.  


The copy of the book featured herein, which belonged to early church member and leader Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, measures 6¼ × 4⅜ × ⅞ inches (16 × 11 × 2 cm). The cover is made from brown leather, with gilt and blind tooling on the spine and around the edges of the front and back covers. “Doctrine & | Covenants” is stamped on the spine in gilt. The front and back pastedowns, the front flyleaf, and the back flyleaf are single-sided marbled leaves featuring a Spanish pattern with blue shell body and shell veins of red and yellow. The verso of the front flyleaf bears a notation in graphite in unidentified handwriting, which was later stricken: “Presented, By. The hand of his mother E[lizabeth] A[nn]. Whitney

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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to her Son Joshua [Kimball Whitney] on Tuesday Nov 26th 1872 S[alt]. L[ake]. City”. The recto of the subsequent unprinted page bears several notations, all in unidentified handwriting: “RN- 232438”, “Vault | Book | M223.1 | D637 | 1835 | no.4”, “E[lizabeth]. A[nn]. Whitneys | Book”, “G. S. L. City | May 23d. 1858.”, and “Sister Elia ◊◊◊◊ | see me at ◊◊◊◊◊◊◊”. The verso of that page is blank, as is the following leaf. The title page bears the signature of “N[ewel] K Whitney”. The final gathering of the book ends with two blank leaves. Two additional blank leaves were included, followed by a single flyleaf and the pastedown. The recto of the back flyleaf bears a light graphite notation in unidentified handwriting: “Mrs Whitney”.
After the death of Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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in 1850, his wife Elizabeth Ann

26 Dec. 1800–15 Feb. 1882. Born at Derby, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Daughter of Gibson Smith and Polly Bradley. Moved to Ohio, 1819. Married Newel K. Whitney, 20 Oct. 1822, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Shortly after, joined reformed Baptist (later Disciples...

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took possession of the book and then gave it to her son Joshua Kimball Whitney in 1872. The book remained in the Whitney family until it was acquired by the Historical Department of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1987.

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