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Egyptian Alphabet, William W. Phelps Scribe, circa July–circa December 1835

Egyptian Alphabet, William W. Phelps Scribe, circa July–circa December 1835

Egyptian Alphabet first degree
<D C>
CharacterlettrSoundExplanation
Ha x ah The first Being, who exercises supreme power
Hx Pha=e The first man, or one who has Kingly power, or king
Hx Pha a more universal reign, having greater dominion, or power
H HPha=ho=e=oopRoyal family, Royal blood, or Pharaoh, or supreme power, or King
HHo-oop-hahCrown of a princes, or signifies Queen.
HZivirgin, unmarried, virtuous, or the principle of virtue.
HKah=tou<=>munThe name of the <a> royal family, in the female line
HZi=oop-hahAn unmarried woman, & a virgin, a princes
HHo=e=oopA young unmarried man— a prince.
HZip=zia woman, married or unmarried,= daughter
HHo-e= oop=hah <oh=e>crown of a prince, or King
HOan, <or> ah=eThe earth
HTus, toan, take to,e or tou=es= beneath, below, under, water
HIotaEye= to see = sight, sometimes Me, myself
HIota tou=es Zipzi=Egypt. The land first seen, by a woman, under water
HSu=e=eh=niWhat other person is that? Who?
HHo=e=oop hah=Pha=e—Reign, government, <power> right, Kingdom
HZub-zool=oanThe begining,= first, before appointing to
HZub=zoal oan=eh. In the beginning of the earth, or Creation
HZub=eh— To be in— as light in the earth
HZubThe first creation of any thing <or first institut[io]n>
HZub zoolfrom the fi[r]st to any stated period after
HZoolFrom a <any> fixed period of time back to the begining
Second part of the first degree.
HHAlph◊◊mgs Ah me os—God without beginning or end
HHAlephIn the beginning with God the Son or first born
HHAlbethAngels or disembodied spirits or Saints.
HHAlkabethAngels in an unalterable state, men after they are raise <from the dead>
HHAlchebethMinisters of God, high priests, Kings
HHAlchibeth Ministers of God, un less than high priests—
HHAlkubeth <Alkobeth> Ministers not ordained of God, sinful
HHAlkibeth <Alkubeth> Ministers who are less sinful for want of power
HHBa=ethThe name of all mankind— man or men
HHBa=eth=ka Adam or the first man, or first King
HHBa-eth keeThe next from Adam, one ordained under him.
HHBa-eth ki The third ordained under Adam
HHBa-eth ko The fourth from Adam
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“Egyptian Alphabet” [Kirtland, OH, ca. July–ca. Dec. 1835]; handwriting of William W. Phelps; four pages; Kirtland Egyptian Papers, CHL. Includes archival notations.
Note: When an Egyptian hieratic character appears on the manuscript, it is represented by a stylized “H” in the transcript. The transcript of “Egyptian Alphabet” presented here is used with permission of Brian M. Hauglid, associate professor of ancient scripture, Brigham Young University. Hauglid is preparing a collection of JS Egyptian materials, including this document, for print publication.

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