26017

History, 1834–1836

confession for having left the meeting abruptly as we were about to partake of the Lord’s supper and disturbed the peace & quiet of the congregation. But his confession was not satisfactory, it seemed to be affected and superficial: He was therefore delivered over to the bufitings of satan until he should humble328

Omitted word supplied from the corresponding journal entry.  


himself before the Lord, & repent of his sins and confess them before the church.

7 December 1835 • Monday

Monday 7th. Received a letter from Milton Holmes

16 Jan. 1811–30 Apr. 1881. Shoemaker, farmer. Born at Rowley, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sarah Harriman. Lived at Napoli, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834...

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and was much rejoiced to hear of his prosperity in proclaiming the gospel in the west;329

This entry may refer to Holmes’s letter of 2 November 1835 reporting his preaching throughout 1835 in Tennessee and Illinois and his success in baptizing over forty people. (Milton Holmes, Hamilton Co., IL, 2 Nov. 1835, Letter to the editor, LDS Messenger and Advocate, Jan. 1836, 2:255.)  


he wrote him a letter in which he requested br. Holmes

16 Jan. 1811–30 Apr. 1881. Shoemaker, farmer. Born at Rowley, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sarah Harriman. Lived at Napoli, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834...

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to return to this place:— spent the day in reading Hebrew— Mr. John Hollister

12 Oct. 1792–1839. Farmer. Born at Marbletown, Ulster Co., New York. Son of Isaac Hollister and Elizabeth Newcomb. Married Lavina (Vina) Clearwater, ca. 1817. Lived at Tompkins Co., New York, ca. 1820–ca. 1835. Moved to Portage Co., Ohio, ca. 1835. Member...

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called to take the parting hand with Pres. Smith and remarked that he had been in darkness all his days, but had now found the true light and intended to obey it; a number of brethren also called this evening to see the ancient records, which he exibited & explained to their satisfaction.

8 December 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday 8th. He spent the day in his family circle, receiving & waiting upon those who called to visit him; his few leisure moments he devoted to study.330
This evening as usual, he preached at the school house

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

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had great liberty in speaking. the power of God in a wonderful manner rested upon the audiance.331

In place of the previous sentence, the 1835–1836 journal has “the congregation, were attentive.”  


After the servises closed Eldr. Leonard Rich

1800–1868. Farmer. Born in New York. Married first Keziah. Lived at Warsaw, Genesee Co., New York, 1830. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Served as a president of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835–1837. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

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proposed to the brethren, to assist Pres. Smith in getting his supply of wood for the winter, to which they cheerfully assented, and fixed on tomorrow. for the day.332

In place of this sentence, the 1835–1836 journal notes only the following: “after the servises closed the brethren proposed to come and draw wood for me.”  


9 December 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 9th. At home. This morning the south wind blows strong and chilly, the sky is overcast and the clowds portend a storm at hand.
Eldr. Noah Packard

7 May 1796–17 Feb. 1860. Farmer, surveyor, miner. Born at Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Noah Packard and Molly Hamblin. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1817. Married Sophia Bundy, 29 June 1820, at Parkman. Baptized into LDS church by...

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called and made our author, a present of a twelve dollar note, which he held against him;333

The 1835–1836 journal continues, “and may God bless him for his liberality.” In the largely barter economy, debts were often recorded on handwritten scraps of paper. These notes became a sort of scrip and circulated until retired by cash, labor, or barter. As in this case, the debt could be settled by the creditor’s presenting his copy of the note as a gift to the debtor. (See McCabe, “Early Ledgers and Account Books,” 5–12.)  


Eldr. James Aldrich also sent him a note of twelve dollars by the hand of Eldr. Jesse Hitchcock

10 Aug. 1801–ca. 1846. Born in Ashe Co., North Carolina. Son of Isaac Hitchcock and Elizabeth Wheeler. Married Mary Polly Hopper, 4 July 1821, at Lafayette Co., Missouri. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder by Oliver Cowdery, 20 July 1831. Located...

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.—334

The 1835–1836 journal continues, “and may God bless him, for his kindness to me.”  


Also the brethren whose names are written below opened their hearts in great liberality & paid him at the Committee’s store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

More Info
[p. 142]
confession for having left the meeting abruptly as  we were about to partake of the Lord’s supper and  disturbed the peace & quiet of the congregation.  But his confession was not satisfactory, it seemed  to be affected and superficial: He was therefore  delivered over to the bufitings of satan until he  should [humble]328

Omitted word supplied from the corresponding journal entry.  


himself before the Lord, & repent of his  sins and confess them before the church.

7 December 1835 • Monday

Monday 7th. Received a letter from Milton Holmes

16 Jan. 1811–30 Apr. 1881. Shoemaker, farmer. Born at Rowley, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sarah Harriman. Lived at Napoli, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834...

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 and was much rejoiced to hear of his pros perity in proclaiming the gospel in the west;329

This entry may refer to Holmes’s letter of 2 November 1835 reporting his preaching throughout 1835 in Tennessee and Illinois and his success in baptizing over forty people. (Milton Holmes, Hamilton Co., IL, 2 Nov. 1835, Letter to the editor, LDS Messenger and Advocate, Jan. 1836, 2:255.)  


 he wrote him a letter in which he requested br.  Holmes

16 Jan. 1811–30 Apr. 1881. Shoemaker, farmer. Born at Rowley, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Nathaniel Holmes and Sarah Harriman. Lived at Napoli, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834...

View Full Bio
to return to this place:— spent the day  in reading Hebrew— Mr. John Hollister

12 Oct. 1792–1839. Farmer. Born at Marbletown, Ulster Co., New York. Son of Isaac Hollister and Elizabeth Newcomb. Married Lavina (Vina) Clearwater, ca. 1817. Lived at Tompkins Co., New York, ca. 1820–ca. 1835. Moved to Portage Co., Ohio, ca. 1835. Member...

View Full Bio
called to  take the parting hand with Pres. Smith and remarked  that he had been in darkness all his days, but had  now found the true light and intended to obey it;  a number of brethren also call[ed] this evening to see the  ancient records, which he exibited & explained to their  satisfaction.

8 December 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday 8th. He spent the day in his family circle, rece iving & waiting upon those who called to visit him;  his few leisure moments he devoted to study.330
This evening as usual, he preach[ed] at the school house

Two-story structure measuring thirty by thirty-eight feet, built during fall and winter of 1834. Located immediately west of temple lot on Whitney Street (now Maple Street) in Kirtland. School of the Elders met here from winter 1834–1835 to Jan. 1836. Ground...

More Info
 had great liberty in speaking. the power of God in a  powerful <wonderful> manner rested upon the audiance.331

In place of the previous sentence, the 1835–1836 journal has “the congregation, were attentive.”  


 After the servises closed Eldr. [Leonard] Rich

1800–1868. Farmer. Born in New York. Married first Keziah. Lived at Warsaw, Genesee Co., New York, 1830. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Served as a president of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835–1837. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga...

View Full Bio
proposed to  the brethren, to assist Pres. Smith in getting his supply  of wood for the winter, to which they cheerfully  assented, and fixed on tomorrow. for the day.332

In place of this sentence, the 1835–1836 journal notes only the following: “after the servises closed the brethren proposed to come and draw wood for me.”  


9 December 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 9th. At home. This morning the south wind  blows strong and chilly, and the sky is overcast and  the clowds portend a storm at hand.
Eldr. [Noah] Packard

7 May 1796–17 Feb. 1860. Farmer, surveyor, miner. Born at Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Noah Packard and Molly Hamblin. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1817. Married Sophia Bundy, 29 June 1820, at Parkman. Baptized into LDS church by...

View Full Bio
called and made our author, a  present of a twelve dollar note, which he held  against him;333

The 1835–1836 journal continues, “and may God bless him for his liberality.” In the largely barter economy, debts were often recorded on handwritten scraps of paper. These notes became a sort of scrip and circulated until retired by cash, labor, or barter. As in this case, the debt could be settled by the creditor’s presenting his copy of the note as a gift to the debtor. (See McCabe, “Early Ledgers and Account Books,” 5–12.)  


Eldr. James Aldrich also sent him  a note of twelve dollars by the hand of Eldr.  J[esse] Hitchcock

10 Aug. 1801–ca. 1846. Born in Ashe Co., North Carolina. Son of Isaac Hitchcock and Elizabeth Wheeler. Married Mary Polly Hopper, 4 July 1821, at Lafayette Co., Missouri. Baptized into LDS church. Ordained an elder by Oliver Cowdery, 20 July 1831. Located...

View Full Bio
.—334

The 1835–1836 journal continues, “and may God bless him, for his kindness to me.”  


Also the brethren whose names are  written below opened their hearts in great  liberality & paid him at the Committee’s store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

More Info
[p. 142]
PreviousNext
JS’s 1834–1836 history is a composite historical record consisting of genealogical tables, journal-like entries, and transcripts of newspaper articles. It shifts abruptly in format from one unfinished section to the next. The order of handwriting in the history roughly matches that found in the 1835–1836 journal, and like the journal, the history passed from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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to Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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to Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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. Finally, it returned to Parrish. The purpose for which the record was created is unclear, as is the rationale for its differing formats. At the beginning, the 1834–1836 history may have had as much to do with Oliver Cowdery, its first scribe, as with JS. Cowdery was serving at the time as scribe for JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal. He had transformed that journal into a jointly authored document by writing in the first person plural, making both himself and JS the protagonists. Cowdery made his final entry in the first Ohio journal 5 December 1834, the day he was ordained an assistant president to JS in the general church presidency and placed ahead of JS’s other assistants. He may have begun the 1834–1836 history in response to his new appointment.
The new record was begun in a massive blank book. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left the first twelve pages blank, possibly for a title page and other introductory material to be written later. He then inscribed columns and headings on the next eight pages to reserve them for the genealogies of the four members of the new church presidency. On the following page, he began an entry dated 5 December 1834, the same date as his last entry in JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal.
Just as Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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converted JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
journal into a JS-Cowdery journal, he may have conceived of the 1834–1836 history as a record for all four members of the church presidency. Cowdery’s entry for 5 December 1834 provided a lengthier and more formal account of his elevation to the church presidency than did JS’s first Ohio journal. Regardless of its purpose, however, the daily log was discontinued after two entries.
The next section of the history, begun months later, is a transcript of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s series of eight letters on church history published in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate between October 1834 and October 1835. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who began the transcription, may have begun working under Cowdery’s direction, but by 29 October 1835 JS had assumed effective control of the document. JS’s journal entry of that date, which notes his employment of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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as his scribe, also records that Parrish “commenced writing in my journal a history of my life, concluding President Cowdery 2d letter to W. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, which president Williams had begun.”1

JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835; see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein. In this case, “my journal” refers to JS’s 1834–1836 history, which JS also called his “large journal.”  


The final section of JS’s history, transcribed by Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, is a revised version of JS’s daily journal entries from late September 1835 to late January 1836.2 Warren Cowdery explained that the intention was to provide a “faithful narration of every important item in his every-day-occurrences.”3

JS History, 1834–1836, 105.  


The revised entries continue to 18 January 1836. Warren Parrish, the final scribe to write in JS’s 1834–1836 history, may have ceased his work in order to embark on a proselytizing mission. However, the reasons for JS’s discontinuing the history entirely are not known.
Further information about the different sections of the 1834–1836 history may be found in intratextual notes preceding each section.
As noted above, the first section of the history includes initial work to compile genealogical data for each member of the church presidency. In an 1832 letter to church leaders in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, JS outlined the contents of the church history to be kept by John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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. In addition to an account of “all things that transpire in Zion,” JS instructed that the record include the names of those who had formally consecrated their property and received church land. At the second coming of Jesus Christ, he wrote, this record would be used to reward “the Saints whose names are found and the names of their fathers and of their children enroled in the Book of the Law of God.”4

JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1, 3.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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apparently followed this model when he began this new historical record in early December 1834. He reserved the pages at the beginning of the history to record family information for JS, himself, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, the four members of the general church presidency as designated on 5 December 1834. Inscribing headings to eight pages, Cowdery intended to prepare two genealogical tables for each of the four presidents, one to identify wife and children and the second to identify parents and siblings. The left column lists births and marriages; the column on the right was reserved for deaths. That Cowdery did not create or even leave room for similar tables for the two assistant presidents appointed on 6 December 1834 suggests that he inscribed both the tables and the entry for 5 December between the 5 and 6 December meetings.

Facts