26017

History, 1834–1836

They conversed freely upon many topicks, the day passed off in a very agreeable manner, and the Lord blessed their souls. When they arrived at Perry

Located on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, 1808. Township formed, 1815. Population in 1830 about 1,100. Included Perry village. JS traveled from Kirtland, Ohio, to Perry with John Corrill, Oct. 1835.

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they were disappointed of a meeting, through some mismanagement, but they conversed freely with Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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’s relatives, which apparently allayed much prejudice in their minds. He truly felt to ask the Lord to have mercy on their souls.

5 October 1835 • Monday

Monday Oct. 5th. He returned home, and being much fatigued, from riding in the rain, he spent the remainder of the day in reading & meditation. In the evening he attended a High Council of the twelve Apostles. He had, as he stated, a glorious time, and gave them many instructions concerning their duties for time to come. He told them it was the will of God that they should take their families to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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next season, also that they should attend171

At this point, JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “this fall.”  


the solemn assembly of the first Elders, for the organization of the school of the Prophets, attend to the ordinance of washing of feet,172

A December 1832 revelation announced the formation of the School of the Prophets, whose candidates would “be received by the ordinance of the washing of feet.” The school was organized in 1833, but foot washing ceased after the initial school term. The Elders School, a successor to the School of the Prophets, was organized in 1834 and again on 3 November 1835. JS frequently referred to it as the School of the Prophets. After the House of the Lord was completed and dedicated, the anticipated solemn assembly was finally held, which included the ordinance of foot washing. (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7:44–45, 1835 ed. [D&C 88:136–139]; JS, Journal, 29 and 30 Mar. 1836.)  


and prepare their hearts in all humility for an endowment with power from on high. To this they all assented with one accord, and appeared to be greatly rejoiced. He felt to pray God to spare the lives of these twelve to a good old age, for Christ, the Redeemer’s sake. Amen.

6 October 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday October 6th. He staid home, and Elder [blank] [blank] Stevens came to his house and loaned F. G. Williams and Co. six hundred dollars, which greatly relieved the Company from its pecuniary embarrassments.173

F. G. Williams & Co., the church printing arm, had recently published the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, was printing three newspapers, and was preparing the church’s first hymnal. By October 1835, the expenses outlaid for these projects brought the company close to economic collapse. (Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:47–53, 54–59; Cook, Law of Consecration, 47–50.)  


May God bless and preserve his soul forever. In the afternoon he called to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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, who was very sick, with a fever: he was some better toward evening and the subject of this memoir spent the rest of the day in reading and meditation

7 October 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 7th He went to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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and found him very low: he administred some mild herbs to him, agreeably to the commandment of the Lord to his servants in these last days.174

Apparently a reference to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 13:12, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:43]; or Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:10].  


and earnestly prayed that God would have mercy upon him & restore him immediately to health, for Christ the Redeemer’s sake. This day his own natural brother, Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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and Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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set out in the Stage for the City of Buffalo

Located in western New York on eastern shore of Lake Erie at head of Niagara River and mouth of Buffalo Creek. County seat. Settled by 1801. Land for town allocated, 1810. Incorporated as village, 1813, but mostly destroyed later that year during War of 1812...

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, in the State of New York, to purchase goods to replenish the Store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

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called the committee store. May the Lord be propitious, grant them health strength, a prosperous journey and a safe, expeditious return to the bosom of their families and society of their friends.
He here pronounced a blessing and a prophecy upon N. K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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He said blessed of the Lord is brother Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, even the Bishop of the Church of Latter-Day Saints,175

Whitney was bishop of the church in Kirtland; Edward Partridge held the same office for the church in Missouri.  


for the Bishoprick shall never be [p. 108]
They conversed freely upon many topicks, the day passed off in a  very agreeable manner, and the Lord blessed their souls. When  they arrived at Perry

Located on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, 1808. Township formed, 1815. Population in 1830 about 1,100. Included Perry village. JS traveled from Kirtland, Ohio, to Perry with John Corrill, Oct. 1835.

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they were disappointed of a meeting, through  some mismanagement, but they conversed freely with Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

View Full Bio
’s  relatives, which apparently allayed much prejudice in  their minds. He truly felt to ask the Lord to have mercy on their souls.

5 October 1835 • Monday

Monday Oct. 5th. He returned home, and being much fatigued, from  riding in the rain, he spent the remainder of the day in reading &  meditation. In the evening he attended a High Council of the twelve  Apostles. He had, as he stated, a glorious time, and gave them many  instructions concerning their duties for time to come. He told them  it was the will of God that they should take their families to Miss ouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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next season, also that they should attend171

At this point, JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “this fall.”  


the solemn assembly  of the first Elders, for the organization of the school of the Prophets,  attend to the ordinance of washing of feet,172

A December 1832 revelation announced the formation of the School of the Prophets, whose candidates would “be received by the ordinance of the washing of feet.” The school was organized in 1833, but foot washing ceased after the initial school term. The Elders School, a successor to the School of the Prophets, was organized in 1834 and again on 3 November 1835. JS frequently referred to it as the School of the Prophets. After the House of the Lord was completed and dedicated, the anticipated solemn assembly was finally held, which included the ordinance of foot washing. (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7:44–45, 1835 ed. [D&C 88:136–139]; JS, Journal, 29 and 30 Mar. 1836.)  


and prepare their hearts in  all humility for an endowment with power from on high. To this  they all assented with one accord, and appeared to be grea[t]ly rejoiced.  He felt to pray God to spare the lives of these twelve to a good old  age, for Christ, the Redeemer’s sake. Amen.

6 October 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday October 6th. He staid home, and Elder [blank] [blank] Stevens came to  his house and loaned F. G. Williams and Co. six hundred dollars, which  greatly relieved the Company from its pecuniary embarrassments.173

F. G. Williams & Co., the church printing arm, had recently published the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, was printing three newspapers, and was preparing the church’s first hymnal. By October 1835, the expenses outlaid for these projects brought the company close to economic collapse. (Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:47–53, 54–59; Cook, Law of Consecration, 47–50.)  


 May God bless and preserve his soul forever. In the afternoon he  called to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
, who was very sick, with a fever: he was  some better toward evening and the subject of this memoir spent  the rest of the day in reading and meditation

7 October 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 7th He went to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
and found him very  low: he administred some mild herbs to him, agreeably to the com mandment of the Lord to his servants in these last days.174

Apparently a reference to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 13:12, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:43]; or Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:10].  


and  earnestly prayed that God would have mercy upon him &  restore him immediately to health, for Christ the Redeemer’s sake.  This day his own natural brother, Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

View Full Bio
and Newel K.  Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
set out in the Stage for the City of Buffalo

Located in western New York on eastern shore of Lake Erie at head of Niagara River and mouth of Buffalo Creek. County seat. Settled by 1801. Land for town allocated, 1810. Incorporated as village, 1813, but mostly destroyed later that year during War of 1812...

More Info
, in the State  of New York, to purchase goods to replenish the Store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

More Info
called the com mittee store. May the Lord be propitious, grant them health  strength, a prosperous journey and a safe, expeditious return  to the bosom of their families and society of their friends.
He here pronounced a blessing and a prophecy upon N. K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
 He said blessed of the Lord is brother Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
, even the Bishop of the  Church of Latter-Day Saints,175

Whitney was bishop of the church in Kirtland; Edward Partridge held the same office for the church in Missouri.  


for the Bishoprick shall never be [p. 108]
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JS’s 1834–1836 history is a composite historical record consisting of genealogical tables, journal-like entries, and transcripts of newspaper articles. It shifts abruptly in format from one unfinished section to the next. The order of handwriting in the history roughly matches that found in the 1835–1836 journal, and like the journal, the history passed from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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to Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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to Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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. Finally, it returned to Parrish. The purpose for which the record was created is unclear, as is the rationale for its differing formats. At the beginning, the 1834–1836 history may have had as much to do with Oliver Cowdery, its first scribe, as with JS. Cowdery was serving at the time as scribe for JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal. He had transformed that journal into a jointly authored document by writing in the first person plural, making both himself and JS the protagonists. Cowdery made his final entry in the first Ohio journal 5 December 1834, the day he was ordained an assistant president to JS in the general church presidency and placed ahead of JS’s other assistants. He may have begun the 1834–1836 history in response to his new appointment.
The new record was begun in a massive blank book. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left the first twelve pages blank, possibly for a title page and other introductory material to be written later. He then inscribed columns and headings on the next eight pages to reserve them for the genealogies of the four members of the new church presidency. On the following page, he began an entry dated 5 December 1834, the same date as his last entry in JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal.
Just as Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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converted JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal into a JS-Cowdery journal, he may have conceived of the 1834–1836 history as a record for all four members of the church presidency. Cowdery’s entry for 5 December 1834 provided a lengthier and more formal account of his elevation to the church presidency than did JS’s first Ohio journal. Regardless of its purpose, however, the daily log was discontinued after two entries.
The next section of the history, begun months later, is a transcript of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s series of eight letters on church history published in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate between October 1834 and October 1835. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who began the transcription, may have begun working under Cowdery’s direction, but by 29 October 1835 JS had assumed effective control of the document. JS’s journal entry of that date, which notes his employment of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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as his scribe, also records that Parrish “commenced writing in my journal a history of my life, concluding President Cowdery 2d letter to W. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, which president Williams had begun.”1

JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835; see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein. In this case, “my journal” refers to JS’s 1834–1836 history, which JS also called his “large journal.”  


The final section of JS’s history, transcribed by Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, is a revised version of JS’s daily journal entries from late September 1835 to late January 1836.2 Warren Cowdery explained that the intention was to provide a “faithful narration of every important item in his every-day-occurrences.”3

JS History, 1834–1836, 105.  


The revised entries continue to 18 January 1836. Warren Parrish, the final scribe to write in JS’s 1834–1836 history, may have ceased his work in order to embark on a proselytizing mission. However, the reasons for JS’s discontinuing the history entirely are not known.
Further information about the different sections of the 1834–1836 history may be found in intratextual notes preceding each section.
As noted above, the first section of the history includes initial work to compile genealogical data for each member of the church presidency. In an 1832 letter to church leaders in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, JS outlined the contents of the church history to be kept by John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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. In addition to an account of “all things that transpire in Zion,” JS instructed that the record include the names of those who had formally consecrated their property and received church land. At the second coming of Jesus Christ, he wrote, this record would be used to reward “the Saints whose names are found and the names of their fathers and of their children enroled in the Book of the Law of God.”4

JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1, 3.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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apparently followed this model when he began this new historical record in early December 1834. He reserved the pages at the beginning of the history to record family information for JS, himself, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, the four members of the general church presidency as designated on 5 December 1834. Inscribing headings to eight pages, Cowdery intended to prepare two genealogical tables for each of the four presidents, one to identify wife and children and the second to identify parents and siblings. The left column lists births and marriages; the column on the right was reserved for deaths. That Cowdery did not create or even leave room for similar tables for the two assistant presidents appointed on 6 December 1834 suggests that he inscribed both the tables and the entry for 5 December between the 5 and 6 December meetings.

Facts