26017

History, 1834–1836

They conversed freely upon many topicks, the day passed off in a very agreeable manner, and the Lord blessed their souls. When they arrived at Perry

Located on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, 1808. Township formed, 1815. Population in 1830 about 1,100. Included Perry village. JS traveled from Kirtland, Ohio, to Perry with John Corrill, Oct. 1835.

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they were disappointed of a meeting, through some mismanagement, but they conversed freely with Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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’s relatives, which apparently allayed much prejudice in their minds. He truly felt to ask the Lord to have mercy on their souls.

5 October 1835 • Monday

Monday Oct. 5th. He returned home, and being much fatigued, from riding in the rain, he spent the remainder of the day in reading & meditation. In the evening he attended a High Council of the twelve Apostles. He had, as he stated, a glorious time, and gave them many instructions concerning their duties for time to come. He told them it was the will of God that they should take their families to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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next season, also that they should attend171

At this point, JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “this fall.”  


the solemn assembly of the first Elders, for the organization of the school of the Prophets, attend to the ordinance of washing of feet,172

A December 1832 revelation announced the formation of the School of the Prophets, whose candidates would “be received by the ordinance of the washing of feet.” The school was organized in 1833, but foot washing ceased after the initial school term. The Elders School, a successor to the School of the Prophets, was organized in 1834 and again on 3 November 1835. JS frequently referred to it as the School of the Prophets. After the House of the Lord was completed and dedicated, the anticipated solemn assembly was finally held, which included the ordinance of foot washing. (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7:44–45, 1835 ed. [D&C 88:136–139]; JS, Journal, 29 and 30 Mar. 1836.)  


and prepare their hearts in all humility for an endowment with power from on high. To this they all assented with one accord, and appeared to be greatly rejoiced. He felt to pray God to spare the lives of these twelve to a good old age, for Christ, the Redeemer’s sake. Amen.

6 October 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday October 6th. He staid home, and Elder [blank] [blank] Stevens came to his house and loaned F. G. Williams and Co. six hundred dollars, which greatly relieved the Company from its pecuniary embarrassments.173

F. G. Williams & Co., the church printing arm, had recently published the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, was printing three newspapers, and was preparing the church’s first hymnal. By October 1835, the expenses outlaid for these projects brought the company close to economic collapse. (Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:47–53, 54–59; Cook, Law of Consecration, 47–50.)  


May God bless and preserve his soul forever. In the afternoon he called to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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, who was very sick, with a fever: he was some better toward evening and the subject of this memoir spent the rest of the day in reading and meditation

7 October 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 7th He went to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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and found him very low: he administred some mild herbs to him, agreeably to the commandment of the Lord to his servants in these last days.174

Apparently a reference to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 13:12, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:43]; or Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:10].  


and earnestly prayed that God would have mercy upon him & restore him immediately to health, for Christ the Redeemer’s sake. This day his own natural brother, Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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and Newel K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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set out in the Stage for the City of Buffalo

Located in western New York on eastern shore of Lake Erie at head of Niagara River and mouth of Buffalo Creek. County seat. Settled by 1801. Land for town allocated, 1810. Incorporated as village, 1813, but mostly destroyed later that year during War of 1812...

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, in the State of New York, to purchase goods to replenish the Store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

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called the committee store. May the Lord be propitious, grant them health strength, a prosperous journey and a safe, expeditious return to the bosom of their families and society of their friends.
He here pronounced a blessing and a prophecy upon N. K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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He said blessed of the Lord is brother Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

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, even the Bishop of the Church of Latter-Day Saints,175

Whitney was bishop of the church in Kirtland; Edward Partridge held the same office for the church in Missouri.  


for the Bishoprick shall never be [p. 108]
They conversed freely upon many topicks, the day passed off in a  very agreeable manner, and the Lord blessed their souls. When  they arrived at Perry

Located on southern shore of Lake Erie. Area settled, 1808. Township formed, 1815. Population in 1830 about 1,100. Included Perry village. JS traveled from Kirtland, Ohio, to Perry with John Corrill, Oct. 1835.

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they were disappointed of a meeting, through  some mismanagement, but they conversed freely with Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

View Full Bio
’s  relatives, which apparently allayed much prejudice in  their minds. He truly felt to ask the Lord to have mercy on their souls.

5 October 1835 • Monday

Monday Oct. 5th. He returned home, and being much fatigued, from  riding in the rain, he spent the remainder of the day in reading &  meditation. In the evening he attended a High Council of the twelve  Apostles. He had, as he stated, a glorious time, and gave them many  instructions concerning their duties for time to come. He told them  it was the will of God that they should take their families to Miss ouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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next season, also that they should attend171

At this point, JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “this fall.”  


the solemn assembly  of the first Elders, for the organization of the school of the Prophets,  attend to the ordinance of washing of feet,172

A December 1832 revelation announced the formation of the School of the Prophets, whose candidates would “be received by the ordinance of the washing of feet.” The school was organized in 1833, but foot washing ceased after the initial school term. The Elders School, a successor to the School of the Prophets, was organized in 1834 and again on 3 November 1835. JS frequently referred to it as the School of the Prophets. After the House of the Lord was completed and dedicated, the anticipated solemn assembly was finally held, which included the ordinance of foot washing. (Revelation, 27–28 Dec. 1832 and 3 Jan. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 7:44–45, 1835 ed. [D&C 88:136–139]; JS, Journal, 29 and 30 Mar. 1836.)  


and prepare their hearts in  all humility for an endowment with power from on high. To this  they all assented with one accord, and appeared to be grea[t]ly rejoiced.  He felt to pray God to spare the lives of these twelve to a good old  age, for Christ, the Redeemer’s sake. Amen.

6 October 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday October 6th. He staid home, and Elder [blank] [blank] Stevens came to  his house and loaned F. G. Williams and Co. six hundred dollars, which  greatly relieved the Company from its pecuniary embarrassments.173

F. G. Williams & Co., the church printing arm, had recently published the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, was printing three newspapers, and was preparing the church’s first hymnal. By October 1835, the expenses outlaid for these projects brought the company close to economic collapse. (Crawley, Descriptive Bibliography, 1:47–53, 54–59; Cook, Law of Consecration, 47–50.)  


 May God bless and preserve his soul forever. In the afternoon he  called to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
, who was very sick, with a fever: he was  some better toward evening and the subject of this memoir spent  the rest of the day in reading and meditation

7 October 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 7th He went to visit his father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
and found him very  low: he administred some mild herbs to him, agreeably to the com mandment of the Lord to his servants in these last days.174

Apparently a reference to Revelation, 9 Feb. 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 13:12, 1835 ed. [D&C 42:43]; or Revelation, 27 Feb. 1833, in Doctrine and Covenants 80:2, 1835 ed. [D&C 89:10].  


and  earnestly prayed that God would have mercy upon him &  restore him immediately to health, for Christ the Redeemer’s sake.  This day his own natural brother, Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

View Full Bio
and Newel K.  Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
set out in the Stage for the City of Buffalo

Located in western New York on eastern shore of Lake Erie at head of Niagara River and mouth of Buffalo Creek. County seat. Settled by 1801. Land for town allocated, 1810. Incorporated as village, 1813, but mostly destroyed later that year during War of 1812...

More Info
, in the State  of New York, to purchase goods to replenish the Store

Established by temple building committee to support those working on Kirtland temple.

More Info
called the com mittee store. May the Lord be propitious, grant them health  strength, a prosperous journey and a safe, expeditious return  to the bosom of their families and society of their friends.
He here pronounced a blessing and a prophecy upon N. K. Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
 He said blessed of the Lord is brother Whitney

3/5 Feb. 1795–23 Sept. 1850. Trader, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Samuel Whitney and Susanna Kimball. Moved to Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York, 1803. Merchant at Plattsburg, Clinton Co., New York, 1814. Mercantile clerk for...

View Full Bio
, even the Bishop of the  Church of Latter-Day Saints,175

Whitney was bishop of the church in Kirtland; Edward Partridge held the same office for the church in Missouri.  


for the Bishoprick shall never be [p. 108]
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JS, History, [Dec. 1834–May 1836?]; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; includes genealogical and financial tables; 154 pages; verso of JS History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, CHL. Includes redactions, use marks, and archival marking.
Large blank book composed of ruled paper printed with forty horizontal lines in (now faint) blue ink. The text block includes thirty gatherings of various sizes, each about a dozen leaves per gathering, and originally had 384 interior leaves cut to measure 13⅝ x 9 inches (35 x 23 cm). The text block, which was conserved in the late twentieth century, was probably originally sewn on recessed cords and was apparently also glued on leather tapes. The binding features false bands. The endpapers were single-sided marbled leaves featuring a traditional Spanish pattern with slate blue body and black and red veins. The block was bound to pasteboard covers, probably with a hollow-back ledger binding, making a book measuring 14¼ x 9½ x 2½ inches (36 x 24 x 6 cm). The boards were bound in brown suede calfskin. At some point, blind-tooled decorations were made around the outside border and along the board edges and the turned-in edges of the inside covers.
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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began the text of the document on the thirteenth page of the text block, numbering it as page 9. Cowdery set aside pages 9–16 for genealogical tables for the members of the church presidency. He inscribed the page numbers, table headings, and column and row ruling for the tables in red ink with a quill pen. The content of the tables was inscribed in ink that is now brown with a quill pen, as was the rest of the history. Cowdery inscribed journal-like entries for 5 and 6 December 1834 on pages 17–20. Pages 21–45 are blank except for page numbering. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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copied Cowdery’s 1834–1835 historical articles, published serially in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, onto pages 46–103. A passage that Parrish missed while copying the first installment of the Cowdery history is supplied on a slip of paper attached to page 50 with adhesive wafers. On pages 103–104, Parrish copied part of a JS letter, also published in the church newspaper. On pages 105–187, Parrish and Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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wrote historical entries based on the entries in JS’s 1835–1836 journal. The genealogical table headings written by Oliver Cowdery, the letter headings and closings written by Williams and Parrish, and the datelines written by Parrish and Warren Cowdery are slightly larger than the ordinary script of these individuals. Parrish’s datelines also feature a vertical stress that contrasts with the oblique stress of his entry inscriptions. In their copying from the Messenger and Advocate, Frederick G. Williams and Warren Parrish often used a slightly larger script for words that appear in small caps in the printed version. Although pagination for the 1834–1836 history was inscribed up to page 241, the actual chronicle reaches only to page 187. Oliver Cowdery numbered pages 9–21, Frederick G. Williams numbered pages 22–58, Warren Parrish numbered pages 59–111, and Warren Cowdery numbered pages 112–241. Sometime later, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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inscribed year and month-and-year headings in black ink on pages 17–20, 46–47, 105–173, and 176–187. Various pages also bear redactions in unidentified handwriting in black and blue pencil.
In 1839, the book was repurposed for the inscription of a new history. The book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last leaf became the first. From this new front of the book, JS’s scribes began writing what became the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history (the first 61 pages of which are transcribed as “Draft 2”). That later history filled most of the remaining leaves of the book, running well into the blank pages that were numbered for the 1834–1836 history and up to within five pages of the inscribed entries in the earlier history. However, only numbering on pages 235–241 of the 1834–1836 history were erased (by knife eraser). With the later history’s side of the book upward, the spine of the book was labeled as volume “A | 1” of the multivolume history. Archival stickers were also added at some point to the spine and the inside front cover. Two interior leaves are now missing from the initial gathering of the volume and one leaf is missing from the final gathering. The flyleaves and pastedowns were also lost or removed from the book.1

See JS History, vol. A-1, microfilm, Dec. 1971, CHL. Only one leaf of the original pastedowns and flyleaves is extant. The pastedowns were replaced with undecorated paper in 1994, according to a conservation note on the verso of the extant marbled leaf archived with the volume.  


The volume shows moderate wear, browning, water staining, and brittleness. It has been resewn, rebound, and otherwise conserved.
While the 1834–1836 history was being created, the volume was apparently kept in the homes of JS’s scribes.2

See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835 and 25 Jan. 1836 (see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein).  


In 1839, scribe James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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converted the book into the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history.3

Jessee, “Writing of Joseph Smith’s History,” 439–441, 450–451, 464.  


In 1842, the church newspaper in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, began publishing this later history.4

The serialized publication of this history began in the 15 March 1842 issue of the Times and Seasons.  


JS maintained custody of the volume through his later life, as indicated by a note he inscribed memorializing his deceased brother Alvin Smith

11 Feb. 1798–19 Nov. 1823. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; returned to Tunbridge, before May 1803. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804, and to...

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, which was attached to the verso of the flyleaf preceding the later history. The volume is listed in the first extant Historian’s Office inventory, made in Nauvoo in February 1846 by clerk Thomas Bullock, and it is listed in inventories of church records made in Salt Lake City in the second half of the nineteenth century.5

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Historian’s Office Catalogue 1858,” 2, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


These and later archival records, as well as archival marking on the volume, indicate continuous institutional custody.

Facts