26017

History, 1834–1836

house and offered our thanks to the Most High. While in prayer he obtained an evidence that his brother Wm

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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. would return to the church and confess213

For “confess,” the 1835–1836 journal has “repair.”  


the wrong he had done.

1 November 1835 • Sunday

Sabbath Nov. 1st Verily, thus saith the Lord unto his servant Joseph Smith Junr. mine anger is kindled against my servant Reynolds Cahoon

30 Apr. 1790–29 Apr. 1861. Farmer, tanner, builder. Born at Cambridge, Washington Co., New York. Son of William Cahoon Jr. and Mehitable Hodges. Married Thirza Stiles, 11 Dec. 1810. Moved to northeastern Ohio, 1811. Located at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co.,...

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, because of his iniquities, his covetous and dishonest principles, in himself and family; and if he doth not purge them away and set his house in order, therefore, if he repent not chastizement awaiteth him, even as it seemeth good in my sight.214

Less than three months earlier, on 10 August 1835, JS brought charges against Cahoon in a high council meeting for having “failed to do his duty in correcting his children, and instructing them in the way of truth & righteousness.” The council agreed with the charges, and Cahoon “confessed the correctness of the decision, and promised to make public acknowledgement before the church.” (Minute Book 1, 10 Aug. 1835.)  


Therefore go and declare unto him this word. He (the subject of this narrative) went immediately and delivered this message according as the Lord had commanded him. He even, called him in, and read what the Lord had said concerning him. He acknowledged that it was verily so, and expressed much humility. He then went to meeting. Elder Carrill John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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preached a fine discourse. In the P. M. President Wm. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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continued the services of the day by reading the 5th. chapter of Matthew, also the law regulating the High Council215

See Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 5, 1835 ed. [D&C 102].  


and made some remarks upon them. The eucharist was administred, he (Joseph) then confirmed a number who had been baptized, and blessed a number of children in the name of Jesus Christ, with the new and everlasting Covenant Notice was then given that the Elder’s school would commence the next day. He then dismissed the meeting.

2 November 1835 • Monday

Monday morning Nov. 2d He was engaged in regulating the affairs of the school. He then had his team harnessed, and he, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, his Scribe,216 and a number of others, went to Willoughby

Village located in northeastern Ohio at mouth of Chagrin River, about three miles northwest of Kirtland, Ohio, and four miles from Lake Erie. Area settled, 1797. Township formerly named Charlton, then Chagrin. Became home of Willoughby Medical College, 1834...

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to hear Doct. Piexotto Daniel Peixotto

18 July 1800–13 May 1843. Physician, author. Born at Amsterdam, Holland. Son of Moses Peixotto and Judith Lopez Salzedo. Moved to Curacao, West Indies, before 1807. Moved to New York City, 18 July 1807. Married Rachel M. Seixas, 19 Mar. 1823. Graduated from...

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deliver a lecture on the theory and practice of Physic.217

Peixotto, a public health advocate of national prominence, had revised George Gregory’s medical textbook, Elements of the Theory and Practice of Physic, and had recently moved from New York City to become a professor at the newly established Willoughby Medical College in Willoughby, Ohio. (George Gregory, Elements of the Theory and Practice of Physic, Designed for the Use of Students[New York: M. Sherman, 1830]; History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio, 40; “Peixotto,” in Jewish Encyclopedia,9:583.)  


They called at Mr. Nathan Cushman

16 Dec. 1782–12 Aug. 1874. Innkeeper. Born at Bennington, Bennington Co., Vermont. Son of Charles Cushman and Desiah Branch. Married Polly Weeks, 9 Dec. 1802, at Bennington. Lived at Rutland, Rutland Co., Vermont, 1820. Lived at Willoughby, Lake Co., Ohio...

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’s had their horses put in the stable, took dinner, attended the lecture and was treated with marked respect, throughout. They then returned home. Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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came in to the place to day from Zion218

Wight had traveled from Clay County, Missouri, to Kirtland, where he attended the Elders School. He was among the earliest group called by JS to travel to Kirtland to be endowed with “power from on high.” (Minute Book 2, 23 June 1834.)  


& George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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& Lyman Smith

Ca. 1817–ca. 1837. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Resident of Concord Township, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1835. Appointed member of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835. Served mission to eastern...

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from the East.219

Five months earlier, on 5 June 1835, JS’s cousin George A. Smith departed with Lyman Smith on a proselytizing mission to Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. (Historian’s Office, “Sketch of the Auto Biography of George Albert Smith,” 13, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL.)  


The question was then agitated, Which220

That is, either Frederick G. Williams or Oliver Cowdery. (JS, Journal, 2 Nov. 1835.)  


should go to New-York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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to make arrangements respecting a book-bindery. The question was at length referred to him for a decision. The word of the Lord came thus unto him, saying, It is not my will that my servant, Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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should go to New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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, but inasmuch as he wishes to go and visit his relatives, that he may warn them to flee the wrath to come let him go and see them, for that purpose, and let that be his only business. And behold in this thing he shall be blessed [p. 116]
house and offered our thanks to the Most High. While in prayer  he obtained an evidence that his brother Wm

13 Mar. 1811–13 Nov. 1893. Farmer, newspaper editor. Born at Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Lebanon, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, 1811; to Norwich, Windsor Co., 1813; and to Palmyra, Ontario Co., New York, 1816...

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. would return to  the church and confess213

For “confess,” the 1835–1836 journal has “repair.”  


the wrong he had done.

1 November 1835 • Sunday

Sabbath Nov. 1st Verily, thus saith the Lord unto his servant  Joseph Smith Junr. mine anger is kindled against my servant  Reynolds Cahoon

30 Apr. 1790–29 Apr. 1861. Farmer, tanner, builder. Born at Cambridge, Washington Co., New York. Son of William Cahoon Jr. and Mehitable Hodges. Married Thirza Stiles, 11 Dec. 1810. Moved to northeastern Ohio, 1811. Located at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co.,...

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, because of his iniquities, his covetous and dis honest principles, in himself and family; and <if> he doth not purge  them away and set his house in order, <chastizement awaiteth him> therefore, if he repent not  chastizement awaiteth him, even as it seemeth good in my  sight.214

Less than three months earlier, on 10 August 1835, JS brought charges against Cahoon in a high council meeting for having “failed to do his duty in correcting his children, and instructing them in the way of truth & righteousness.” The council agreed with the charges, and Cahoon “confessed the correctness of the decision, and promised to make public acknowledgement before the church.” (Minute Book 1, 10 Aug. 1835.)  


Therefore go and declare unto him this word. He (the subject  of this narrative) went immediately and delivered this message  according as the Lord had commanded him. He even, called him  in, and read what the Lord had said concerning him. He ackn owledged that it was verily so, and expressed much humility.  He then went to meeting. Elder Carrill [John Corrill]

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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preached a fine discourse[.]  In the P. M. President Wm. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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continued the services of the  day by reading the 5th. chapter of Matthew, also the law reg ulating the High Council215

See Minutes, 17 Feb. 1834, in Doctrine and Covenants 5, 1835 ed. [D&C 102].  


and made some remarks upon them.  The eucharist was administred, he (Joseph) then confirmed a  number who had been baptized, and blessed a number of children  in the name of Jesus Christ, with the new and everlasting Covenant  Notice was then given that the Elder’s school would commence the  next day. He then dismissed the meeting.

2 November 1835 • Monday

Monday morning Nov. 2d He was engaged in regulating the affairs  of the school. He then had his team harnessed, and he, S[idney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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 O[liver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, F[rederick] G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, his Scribe,216 and a number of others, went  to Willoughby

Village located in northeastern Ohio at mouth of Chagrin River, about three miles northwest of Kirtland, Ohio, and four miles from Lake Erie. Area settled, 1797. Township formerly named Charlton, then Chagrin. Became home of Willoughby Medical College, 1834...

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to hear Doct. Piexotto [Daniel Peixotto]

18 July 1800–13 May 1843. Physician, author. Born at Amsterdam, Holland. Son of Moses Peixotto and Judith Lopez Salzedo. Moved to Curacao, West Indies, before 1807. Moved to New York City, 18 July 1807. Married Rachel M. Seixas, 19 Mar. 1823. Graduated from...

View Full Bio
deliver a lecture on the theory  and practice of Physic.217

Peixotto, a public health advocate of national prominence, had revised George Gregory’s medical textbook, Elements of the Theory and Practice of Physic, and had recently moved from New York City to become a professor at the newly established Willoughby Medical College in Willoughby, Ohio. (George Gregory, Elements of the Theory and Practice of Physic, Designed for the Use of Students[New York: M. Sherman, 1830]; History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio, 40; “Peixotto,” in Jewish Encyclopedia,9:583.)  


They called at Mr. [Nathan] Cushman

16 Dec. 1782–12 Aug. 1874. Innkeeper. Born at Bennington, Bennington Co., Vermont. Son of Charles Cushman and Desiah Branch. Married Polly Weeks, 9 Dec. 1802, at Bennington. Lived at Rutland, Rutland Co., Vermont, 1820. Lived at Willoughby, Lake Co., Ohio...

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’s had their  horses put in the stable, took dinner, attended the lecture  and was treated with marked respect, throughout. They then returned  home. Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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came in to the place to day from Zion218

Wight had traveled from Clay County, Missouri, to Kirtland, where he attended the Elders School. He was among the earliest group called by JS to travel to Kirtland to be endowed with “power from on high.” (Minute Book 2, 23 June 1834.)  


&  George [A.] Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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& Lyman Smith

Ca. 1817–ca. 1837. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to Missouri, 1834. Resident of Concord Township, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1835. Appointed member of First Quorum of the Seventy, 1835. Served mission to eastern...

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from the East.219

Five months earlier, on 5 June 1835, JS’s cousin George A. Smith departed with Lyman Smith on a proselytizing mission to Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. (Historian’s Office, “Sketch of the Auto Biography of George Albert Smith,” 13, Histories of the Twelve, ca. 1858–1880, CHL.)  


They The question was  then agitated, Which220

That is, either Frederick G. Williams or Oliver Cowdery. (JS, Journal, 2 Nov. 1835.)  


should go to New-York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

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to make arrangements  respecting a book-bindery. The question was at length referred to  him for a decision. The word of the Lord came thus unto him,  saying, It is not my will that my servant, Frederick

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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should go to  New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
, but inasmuch as he wishes to go and visit his rel atives, that he may warn them to flee the wrath to come  let him go and see them, for that purpose, and let that  be his only business. And behold in this thing he shall be blessed [p. 116]
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JS’s 1834–1836 history is a composite historical record consisting of genealogical tables, journal-like entries, and transcripts of newspaper articles. It shifts abruptly in format from one unfinished section to the next. The order of handwriting in the history roughly matches that found in the 1835–1836 journal, and like the journal, the history passed from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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to Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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to Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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. Finally, it returned to Parrish. The purpose for which the record was created is unclear, as is the rationale for its differing formats. At the beginning, the 1834–1836 history may have had as much to do with Oliver Cowdery, its first scribe, as with JS. Cowdery was serving at the time as scribe for JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal. He had transformed that journal into a jointly authored document by writing in the first person plural, making both himself and JS the protagonists. Cowdery made his final entry in the first Ohio journal 5 December 1834, the day he was ordained an assistant president to JS in the general church presidency and placed ahead of JS’s other assistants. He may have begun the 1834–1836 history in response to his new appointment.
The new record was begun in a massive blank book. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left the first twelve pages blank, possibly for a title page and other introductory material to be written later. He then inscribed columns and headings on the next eight pages to reserve them for the genealogies of the four members of the new church presidency. On the following page, he began an entry dated 5 December 1834, the same date as his last entry in JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal.
Just as Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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converted JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal into a JS-Cowdery journal, he may have conceived of the 1834–1836 history as a record for all four members of the church presidency. Cowdery’s entry for 5 December 1834 provided a lengthier and more formal account of his elevation to the church presidency than did JS’s first Ohio journal. Regardless of its purpose, however, the daily log was discontinued after two entries.
The next section of the history, begun months later, is a transcript of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s series of eight letters on church history published in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate between October 1834 and October 1835. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who began the transcription, may have begun working under Cowdery’s direction, but by 29 October 1835 JS had assumed effective control of the document. JS’s journal entry of that date, which notes his employment of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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as his scribe, also records that Parrish “commenced writing in my journal a history of my life, concluding President Cowdery 2d letter to W. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, which president Williams had begun.”1

JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835; see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein. In this case, “my journal” refers to JS’s 1834–1836 history, which JS also called his “large journal.”  


The final section of JS’s history, transcribed by Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, is a revised version of JS’s daily journal entries from late September 1835 to late January 1836.2 Warren Cowdery explained that the intention was to provide a “faithful narration of every important item in his every-day-occurrences.”3

JS History, 1834–1836, 105.  


The revised entries continue to 18 January 1836. Warren Parrish, the final scribe to write in JS’s 1834–1836 history, may have ceased his work in order to embark on a proselytizing mission. However, the reasons for JS’s discontinuing the history entirely are not known.
Further information about the different sections of the 1834–1836 history may be found in intratextual notes preceding each section.
As noted above, the first section of the history includes initial work to compile genealogical data for each member of the church presidency. In an 1832 letter to church leaders in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, JS outlined the contents of the church history to be kept by John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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. In addition to an account of “all things that transpire in Zion,” JS instructed that the record include the names of those who had formally consecrated their property and received church land. At the second coming of Jesus Christ, he wrote, this record would be used to reward “the Saints whose names are found and the names of their fathers and of their children enroled in the Book of the Law of God.”4

JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1, 3.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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apparently followed this model when he began this new historical record in early December 1834. He reserved the pages at the beginning of the history to record family information for JS, himself, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, the four members of the general church presidency as designated on 5 December 1834. Inscribing headings to eight pages, Cowdery intended to prepare two genealogical tables for each of the four presidents, one to identify wife and children and the second to identify parents and siblings. The left column lists births and marriages; the column on the right was reserved for deaths. That Cowdery did not create or even leave room for similar tables for the two assistant presidents appointed on 6 December 1834 suggests that he inscribed both the tables and the entry for 5 December between the 5 and 6 December meetings.

Facts