26017

History, 1834–1836

handle sacred things very sacredly; and with due deference to the opinions of others, and with an eye single to the glory of God.

19 November 1835 • Thursday

Thursday 19th. In company with Dr. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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he went to see how the workmen prospered in finishing the house of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
.283

The 1835–1836 journal also states: “the masons on the inside had commenced puting on the finishing coat of plastureing.”  


On his return he met with br’s Lloyd

18 July 1807–24 Dec. 1902. Farmer, millwright, county officer. Born at Onondaga Co., New York. Son of Job L. Lewis and Margaret Lowers. Moved to Westfield, Chautauque Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1835, at Westfield. Married Elizabeth...

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& Lorenzo Lewis

Ca. 1809–ca. May 1897. Millwright. Born in New York. Son of Job L. Lewis and Margaret Lowers. Baptized into LDS church, probably at Westfield, Chautauque Co., New York. Ordained an elder, 13 May 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Appointed to serve mission...

View Full Bio
284

Lorenzo Lewis was excommunicated almost two months earlier. (Entry for 28 Sept. 1835.)  


who he had been informed were much dissatisfied; but found that this was not the fact, as touching the faith of the church but with the conduct of some of the members. He returned home and spent the day in translating the Egyptian records. The weather is warm & pleasant.

20 November 1835 • Friday

Friday 20th285

JS’s journal here notes, “in morning at home: the weather is warm but rainy.”  


He continued translating & made rapid progress At evening Pres. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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returned from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
, bringing a quantity of Hebrew books, for the benefit of the school, he presented him with a Hebrew bible, lexicon & Grammar, also a Greek & English lexicon.—286

The Hebrew Bible referred to here is probably Augustus Hahn, ed., Biblia Hebraica, 2nd ed. (Leipzig: Caroli Tauchnitz, 1833). The grammar is likely Moses Stuart, A Grammar of the Hebrew Language, 5th ed. (Andover, MA: Gould and Newman, 1835). The lexicon referred to is probably Josiah M. Gibbs, A Manual Hebrew and English Lexicon Including the Biblical Chaldee. Designed Particularly for Beginners, 2nd ed. (New Haven, CT: Hezekiah Howe, 1832). The 1835–1836 journal specifies the English lexicon as “Websters English Lexicon,” referring to a reprinting of Noah Webster’s 1828 American Dictionary of the English Language.  


Pres. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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had a prosperous journey, according to the prayers of the saints

21 November 1835 • Saturday

Saturday 21st. He spent the day at home, in examining & studying his Hebrew books.—287

The corresponding journal entry states that JS also studied “the hebrew alphabet.”  


At evening he met with the class to make some arangments about a teacher, it was decided by the voice of the school that we would send to New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
for a Jew, to teach us the Hebrew language, having asertained that Dr. Piexotto Daniel Peixotto

18 July 1800–13 May 1843. Physician, author. Born at Amsterdam, Holland. Son of Moses Peixotto and Judith Lopez Salzedo. Moved to Curacao, West Indies, before 1807. Moved to New York City, 18 July 1807. Married Rachel M. Seixas, 19 Mar. 1823. Graduated from...

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was not qualified to give us the knowledge we wished to acquire.288

The 1835–1836 journal specifies that the school would seek to “get released from the engagement we had made with Doct. Piexotto.”  


22 November 1835 • Sunday

Sunday 22ond. He attended meeting at the usual hour:289

Ten o’clock. (See entry for 13 Dec. 1835.)  


Eldr. Simeon Carter

7 June 1794–3 Feb. 1869. Farmer. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Kenyon, 2 Dec. 1818, at Benson. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, by ...

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preached from Math. 7th ch.—290

The 1835–1836 journal here includes “President [Sidney] Rigdon’s brother in Law & Some other relatives were at meeting, in the after noon the meeting was held in the School-house.”  


At our evening meeting Eldr. Jackson Squires

17 Sept. 1815–3 Sept. 1897. Physician, politician. Born at Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio. Son of Ezekiel Squires and Clarissa Stewart. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder. Left church and joined briefly with the Methodists. Returned to LDS church, ...

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who had withdrawn from the church made application to return, to the fold of Christ. We organized into a regular council,291

The corresponding journal entry also states that “Sylvester Smith was chosen Clerk.”  


and after much altercation upon the subject, & keen rebuke Eldr. Squires

17 Sept. 1815–3 Sept. 1897. Physician, politician. Born at Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio. Son of Ezekiel Squires and Clarissa Stewart. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder. Left church and joined briefly with the Methodists. Returned to LDS church, ...

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was restored by the voice of the council & church, and the clerk ordered to give him his licence.—292

Squires had joined the Methodists for a time. At this council, JS spoke on the “impropriety of turning away from the truth,” and Sidney Rigdon spoke on the “folly of fellowshiping any doctrine or spirit aside from that of Christ.” (Minute Book 1, 22 Nov. 1835.)  


On this night we had a snow storm

23 November 1835 • Monday

Monday 23d. Several brethren called to converse with him & see the records. To day he received a letter from Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

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. His leasure moments he devoted to study, meditation, & prayer.293

The corresponding entry in JS’s 1835–1836 journal also notes, “This has been a stormy day.”  


24 November 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday 24th. He spent the A.M. in instructing those that called to inquire respecting the things of God in the last days. In the P.M. he translated some of the ancient manuscripts.—294

JS’s 1835–1836 journal specifies these as the “Egyptian, records.”  


This evening he had an invitation to attend a wedding, at his brother Hyrum Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

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’s, to solemnize the rights of matrimony between Newel Knights Knight

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

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& Lydia Goldthwait Goldthwaite Bailey

9 June 1812–3 Apr. 1884. Boardinghouse operator, weaver, teacher. Born at Sutton, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Jesse G. Goldthwaite and Sally Burt. Married first Calvin Bailey, fall 1828, but deserted by him, 1832. Moved to home of Eleazer Freeman...

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. His wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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& some others accompanied [p. 135]
handle sacred things very sacredly; and with due deference to  the opinions of others, and with an eye single to the glory of God.

19 November 1835 • Thursday

Thursday 19th. In company with Dr. F[rederick] G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
he went to  see how the workmen prospered in finishing the house of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
.283

The 1835–1836 journal also states: “the masons on the inside had commenced puting on the finishing coat of plastureing.”  


On his return he met with br’s Lloyd

18 July 1807–24 Dec. 1902. Farmer, millwright, county officer. Born at Onondaga Co., New York. Son of Job L. Lewis and Margaret Lowers. Moved to Westfield, Chautauque Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church, by 1835, at Westfield. Married Elizabeth...

View Full Bio
& Lorenzo Lewis

Ca. 1809–ca. May 1897. Millwright. Born in New York. Son of Job L. Lewis and Margaret Lowers. Baptized into LDS church, probably at Westfield, Chautauque Co., New York. Ordained an elder, 13 May 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Appointed to serve mission...

View Full Bio
284

Lorenzo Lewis was excommunicated almost two months earlier. (Entry for 28 Sept. 1835.)  


who he  had been informed were much dissatisfied; but found  that this was not the fact, as touching the faith of the church  but with the conduct of some of the members. He returned home  and spent the day in translating the Egyptian records.  The weather is warm & pleasant.

20 November 1835 • Friday

Friday 20th285

JS’s journal here notes, “in morning at home: the weather is warm but rainy.”  


He continued translating & made rapid progress  At evening Pres. [Oliver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
returned from New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
, bringing  with him a quantity of Hebrew books, for the benefit of the  school, he presented me him with a Hebrew bible, lexicon &  Grammar, also a Greek & English lexicon.—286

The Hebrew Bible referred to here is probably Augustus Hahn, ed., Biblia Hebraica, 2nd ed. (Leipzig: Caroli Tauchnitz, 1833). The grammar is likely Moses Stuart, A Grammar of the Hebrew Language, 5th ed. (Andover, MA: Gould and Newman, 1835). The lexicon referred to is probably Josiah M. Gibbs, A Manual Hebrew and English Lexicon Including the Biblical Chaldee. Designed Particularly for Beginners, 2nd ed. (New Haven, CT: Hezekiah Howe, 1832). The 1835–1836 journal specifies the English lexicon as “Websters English Lexicon,” referring to a reprinting of Noah Webster’s 1828 American Dictionary of the English Language.  


Pres. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
had  a prosperous journey, according to the prayers of the saints

21 November 1835 • Saturday

Saturday 21st. He spent the day at home, in examining &  studying his Hebrew books.—287

The corresponding journal entry states that JS also studied “the hebrew alphabet.”  


At evening he met with the  class to make some arangments about a teacher, it  was decided by the voice of the school that we would send  to New York

Located in northeast region of U.S. Area settled by Dutch traders, 1620s; later governed by Britain, 1664–1776. Admitted to U.S. as state, 1788. Population in 1810 about 1,000,000; in 1820 about 1,400,000; in 1830 about 1,900,000; and in 1840 about 2,400,...

More Info
for a Jew, to teach us the Hebrew language, having  asertained that Dr. Piexotto [Daniel Peixotto]

18 July 1800–13 May 1843. Physician, author. Born at Amsterdam, Holland. Son of Moses Peixotto and Judith Lopez Salzedo. Moved to Curacao, West Indies, before 1807. Moved to New York City, 18 July 1807. Married Rachel M. Seixas, 19 Mar. 1823. Graduated from...

View Full Bio
was not qualified to give us  the knowledge we wished to acquire.288

The 1835–1836 journal specifies that the school would seek to “get released from the engagement we had made with Doct. Piexotto.”  


22 November 1835 • Sunday

Sunday 22ond. He went attended meeting at the usual hour:289

Ten o’clock. (See entry for 13 Dec. 1835.)  


Eldr.  Simeon Carter

7 June 1794–3 Feb. 1869. Farmer. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Kenyon, 2 Dec. 1818, at Benson. Moved to Amherst, Lorain Co., Ohio, by ...

View Full Bio
preach[ed] from Math. 7th ch.—290

The 1835–1836 journal here includes “President [Sidney] Rigdon’s brother in Law & Some other relatives were at meeting, in the after noon the meeting was held in the School-house.”  


At our evening meet ing Eldr. Jackson Squires

17 Sept. 1815–3 Sept. 1897. Physician, politician. Born at Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio. Son of Ezekiel Squires and Clarissa Stewart. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder. Left church and joined briefly with the Methodists. Returned to LDS church, ...

View Full Bio
who had withdrawn from the church  made application to return, to the fold of Christ. We organized  into a regular council,291

The corresponding journal entry also states that “Sylvester Smith was chosen Clerk.”  


and after much altercation upon the  subject, & keen rebuke Eldr. Squires

17 Sept. 1815–3 Sept. 1897. Physician, politician. Born at Aurora, Portage Co., Ohio. Son of Ezekiel Squires and Clarissa Stewart. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder. Left church and joined briefly with the Methodists. Returned to LDS church, ...

View Full Bio
was restored by the voice of  the council & church, and the clerk ordered to give him his  licence.—292

Squires had joined the Methodists for a time. At this council, JS spoke on the “impropriety of turning away from the truth,” and Sidney Rigdon spoke on the “folly of fellowshiping any doctrine or spirit aside from that of Christ.” (Minute Book 1, 22 Nov. 1835.)  


On this night we had a snow storm

23 November 1835 • Monday

Monday 23d. Several brethren called to converse with him & see the  records. To day he received a letter from Jared Carter

14 June 1801–6 July 1849. Born at Killingworth, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Gideon Carter and Johanna Sims. Moved to Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont, by 1810. Married Lydia Ames, 20 Sept. 1823, at Benson. Moved to Chenango, Broome Co., New York, by Jan...

View Full Bio
. His leasure  moments he devoted to study, meditation, & prayer.293

The corresponding entry in JS’s 1835–1836 journal also notes, “This has been a stormy day.”  


24 November 1835 • Tuesday

Tuesday 24th. He spent the A.M. in instructing those that called  to inquire respecting the things of God in the last days. In the  P.M. he translated some of the ancient manuscripts.—294

JS’s 1835–1836 journal specifies these as the “Egyptian, records.”  


This evening  he had an invitation to attend a wedding, at his brother Hyrum  Smith

9 Feb. 1800–27 June 1844. Farmer, cooper. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; to Tunbridge, before May 1803; to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804; to Sharon, Windsor Co., by...

View Full Bio
’s, to solemnize the rights of matrimony between Newel  Knights [Knight]

13 Sept. 1800–11 Jan. 1847. Miller, merchant. Born at Marlborough, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Knight Sr. and Polly Peck. Moved to Jericho (later Bainbridge), Chenango Co., New York, ca. 1809. Moved to Windsor (later in Colesville), Broome Co., New...

View Full Bio
& Lydia Goldthwait [Goldthwaite Bailey]

9 June 1812–3 Apr. 1884. Boardinghouse operator, weaver, teacher. Born at Sutton, Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Daughter of Jesse G. Goldthwaite and Sally Burt. Married first Calvin Bailey, fall 1828, but deserted by him, 1832. Moved to home of Eleazer Freeman...

View Full Bio
. His wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
& some others accompanied [p. 135]
PreviousNext
JS, History, [Dec. 1834–May 1836?]; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

View Full Bio
, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; includes genealogical and financial tables; 154 pages; verso of JS History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, CHL. Includes redactions, use marks, and archival marking.
Large blank book composed of ruled paper printed with forty horizontal lines in (now faint) blue ink. The text block includes thirty gatherings of various sizes, each about a dozen leaves per gathering, and originally had 384 interior leaves cut to measure 13⅝ x 9 inches (35 x 23 cm). The text block, which was conserved in the late twentieth century, was probably originally sewn on recessed cords and was apparently also glued on leather tapes. The binding features false bands. The endpapers were single-sided marbled leaves featuring a traditional Spanish pattern with slate blue body and black and red veins. The block was bound to pasteboard covers, probably with a hollow-back ledger binding, making a book measuring 14¼ x 9½ x 2½ inches (36 x 24 x 6 cm). The boards were bound in brown suede calfskin. At some point, blind-tooled decorations were made around the outside border and along the board edges and the turned-in edges of the inside covers.
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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began the text of the document on the thirteenth page of the text block, numbering it as page 9. Cowdery set aside pages 9–16 for genealogical tables for the members of the church presidency. He inscribed the page numbers, table headings, and column and row ruling for the tables in red ink with a quill pen. The content of the tables was inscribed in ink that is now brown with a quill pen, as was the rest of the history. Cowdery inscribed journal-like entries for 5 and 6 December 1834 on pages 17–20. Pages 21–45 are blank except for page numbering. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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copied Cowdery’s 1834–1835 historical articles, published serially in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, onto pages 46–103. A passage that Parrish missed while copying the first installment of the Cowdery history is supplied on a slip of paper attached to page 50 with adhesive wafers. On pages 103–104, Parrish copied part of a JS letter, also published in the church newspaper. On pages 105–187, Parrish and Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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wrote historical entries based on the entries in JS’s 1835–1836 journal. The genealogical table headings written by Oliver Cowdery, the letter headings and closings written by Williams and Parrish, and the datelines written by Parrish and Warren Cowdery are slightly larger than the ordinary script of these individuals. Parrish’s datelines also feature a vertical stress that contrasts with the oblique stress of his entry inscriptions. In their copying from the Messenger and Advocate, Frederick G. Williams and Warren Parrish often used a slightly larger script for words that appear in small caps in the printed version. Although pagination for the 1834–1836 history was inscribed up to page 241, the actual chronicle reaches only to page 187. Oliver Cowdery numbered pages 9–21, Frederick G. Williams numbered pages 22–58, Warren Parrish numbered pages 59–111, and Warren Cowdery numbered pages 112–241. Sometime later, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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inscribed year and month-and-year headings in black ink on pages 17–20, 46–47, 105–173, and 176–187. Various pages also bear redactions in unidentified handwriting in black and blue pencil.
In 1839, the book was repurposed for the inscription of a new history. The book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last leaf became the first. From this new front of the book, JS’s scribes began writing what became the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history (the first 61 pages of which are transcribed as “Draft 2”). That later history filled most of the remaining leaves of the book, running well into the blank pages that were numbered for the 1834–1836 history and up to within five pages of the inscribed entries in the earlier history. However, only numbering on pages 235–241 of the 1834–1836 history were erased (by knife eraser). With the later history’s side of the book upward, the spine of the book was labeled as volume “A | 1” of the multivolume history. Archival stickers were also added at some point to the spine and the inside front cover. Two interior leaves are now missing from the initial gathering of the volume and one leaf is missing from the final gathering. The flyleaves and pastedowns were also lost or removed from the book.1

See JS History, vol. A-1, microfilm, Dec. 1971, CHL. Only one leaf of the original pastedowns and flyleaves is extant. The pastedowns were replaced with undecorated paper in 1994, according to a conservation note on the verso of the extant marbled leaf archived with the volume.  


The volume shows moderate wear, browning, water staining, and brittleness. It has been resewn, rebound, and otherwise conserved.
While the 1834–1836 history was being created, the volume was apparently kept in the homes of JS’s scribes.2

See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835 and 25 Jan. 1836 (see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein).  


In 1839, scribe James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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converted the book into the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history.3

Jessee, “Writing of Joseph Smith’s History,” 439–441, 450–451, 464.  


In 1842, the church newspaper in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, began publishing this later history.4

The serialized publication of this history began in the 15 March 1842 issue of the Times and Seasons.  


JS maintained custody of the volume through his later life, as indicated by a note he inscribed memorializing his deceased brother Alvin Smith

11 Feb. 1798–19 Nov. 1823. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; returned to Tunbridge, before May 1803. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804, and to...

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, which was attached to the verso of the flyleaf preceding the later history. The volume is listed in the first extant Historian’s Office inventory, made in Nauvoo in February 1846 by clerk Thomas Bullock, and it is listed in inventories of church records made in Salt Lake City in the second half of the nineteenth century.5

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Historian’s Office Catalogue 1858,” 2, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


These and later archival records, as well as archival marking on the volume, indicate continuous institutional custody.

Facts