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History, 1834–1836

the house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

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above, or below, or any part of it, to play or for recreation at any time, and all parents guardians or mastures [masters], shall be ameniable for all damage that shall accrue in consequence of their children.
8th.— All persons whether believers or unbelievers shall be treated with due respect by the authorities of the church.
9th. No imposition shall be practiced upon any member of the church by depriving them of their rights in the house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

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.
council adjourned sine die.— Our author returned home this afternoon Pres. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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returned from the City of Columbus

Franklin Co. seat. State capital. Incorporated as borough, 1816. Incorporated as city, Feb. 1834. Population in 1820 about 1,400; in 1830 about 2,400; in 1840 about 6,000; and in 1850 about 18,000.

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the metropolis of this State (Ohio).
At evening himself & wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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were invited to attend on a matrimonial occasion at Mrs. [Catherine Noramore] Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

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where he was solicited to solemnize the marriage contract between Mr. John Webb

2 May 1808–3 May 1894. Wainwright, wheelwright, farmer. Born at Manheim, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of James Webb and Betsy Faville (Gaville). Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Married to Catherine Noramore Wilcox by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

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& Mrs. Catharine Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

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; also Mr. Thomas Carrico [Jr.]

20 Sept. 1801–22 Feb. 1882. Shoemaker. Born at Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Carrico and Deborah Wallis. Baptized into Unitarian church, 27 Sept. 1801, at Beverly. Married first Mary E. Raymond, 30 Aug. 1827, at Beverly. Wife died, 1833...

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& Miss. Elizabeth Baker

4 Dec. 1811–2 May 1883. Born at Bethlehem, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Probably daughter of Abijah Baker and Nancy Crooks. Married to Thomas Carrico Jr. by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland. Moved to Missouri...

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, at the same place. The crowded assembly were seated, and the interview opened by singing & prayer suited to the occasion; after which he made some remarks in relation to the duties that are incumbent on husbands & wives; in particular the great importance there is in cultivating the pure principles of the institution in all its bearings and relations to each other and society in general.— He then invited them to arise and join hands, and pronounced the ceremony according to the rules & regulations of the Church of Latterday Saints; and pronounced such blessings upon their heads as the Lord put into his heart; even the blessings of Abraham Isaac & Jacob, and dismissed by singing and prayer.— We then took some refreshment and our hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This is according to the pattern set us by our Saviour himself whene he graced the marriage in Cana of Gallilee and turned the water into wine that they might make themselves joyful, and we feel disposed to patronize all the institutions of heaven. Pres. Smith took leave of the audiance and retired.

15 January 1836 • Friday

Friday 15th. Jany.— At 9. oclock A.M. he met in council agreeably to adjournment, at the council room in the Chapel

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

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, & organized the authorities of the church agreeable to their respective offices in the same. He then made [p. 177]
the house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
above, or below, or any where part of it, to play or for  recreation at any time, and all parents guardians or ma stures [masters], shall be ameniable for all damage that shall accrue  in consequence of their children.
8th.— All persons whether believers or unbelievers shall be treated  with due respect by the authorities of the church.
9th. No imposition shall be practiced upon any member of the  church by depriving them of their rights in the house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
.
council adjourned sine die.— Our author returned home  this afternoon Pres. O[liver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
returned from the City of  Columbus

Franklin Co. seat. State capital. Incorporated as borough, 1816. Incorporated as city, Feb. 1834. Population in 1820 about 1,400; in 1830 about 2,400; in 1840 about 6,000; and in 1850 about 18,000.

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the metropolis of this State (Ohio).436

Cowdery had been in Columbus to serve as a delegate from Geauga County to the state Democratic Party convention. (Cowdery, Diary, 8–9 Jan. 1836.)  


At evening himself & wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
were invited to attend on a ma trimonial occasion at Mrs. [Catherine Noramore] Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

View Full Bio
where he was solicited to  solemnize the marriage contract between Mr. John Webb

2 May 1808–3 May 1894. Wainwright, wheelwright, farmer. Born at Manheim, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of James Webb and Betsy Faville (Gaville). Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Married to Catherine Noramore Wilcox by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

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 & Mrs. Catharine Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

View Full Bio
; also Mr. Thomas Carrico [Jr.]

20 Sept. 1801–22 Feb. 1882. Shoemaker. Born at Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Carrico and Deborah Wallis. Baptized into Unitarian church, 27 Sept. 1801, at Beverly. Married first Mary E. Raymond, 30 Aug. 1827, at Beverly. Wife died, 1833...

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& Miss.  Eliza[be]th Baker

4 Dec. 1811–2 May 1883. Born at Bethlehem, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Probably daughter of Abijah Baker and Nancy Crooks. Married to Thomas Carrico Jr. by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland. Moved to Missouri...

View Full Bio
, at the same place. The crowded assembly  were seated, and the interview opened by singing & prayer  suited to the occasion; after which he made some rema rks in relation to the duties that are incumbent on hus bands & wives; in particular the great importance there is  in cultivating the pure principles of the institution in  all its bearings and relations to each other and society  in general.— He then invited them to arise and join  hands, and pronounced the ceremony according to the  rules & regulations of the Church of Latterday Saints;437

Marriage,” ca. Aug. 1835, in Doctrine and Covenants 101, 1835 ed.  


and  pronounced such blessings upon their heads as the  Lord put into their his heart; even the blessings of  Abraham Isaac & Jacob, and dismissed by singing  and prayer.— We then took some refreshment and our  hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This  is according to the pattern set us by the our Saviour him self whene he graced the marriage in Cana of Gallilee and  turned the water into wine that they might make  themselves joyful,438

See John 2:1–11.  


and we feel disposed to patronize all  the institutions of heaven. Pres. Smith took leave of the  audiance and retired.

15 January 1836 • Friday

Friday 15th. Jany.— At 9. oclock A.M. he met in council  agreeably to adjournment, at the council room in the Cha pel

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
, & organized the authorities of the church agreeable to  their respective offices in the same. He then made [p. 177]
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JS’s 1834–1836 history is a composite historical record consisting of genealogical tables, journal-like entries, and transcripts of newspaper articles. It shifts abruptly in format from one unfinished section to the next. The order of handwriting in the history roughly matches that found in the 1835–1836 journal, and like the journal, the history passed from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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to Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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to Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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. Finally, it returned to Parrish. The purpose for which the record was created is unclear, as is the rationale for its differing formats. At the beginning, the 1834–1836 history may have had as much to do with Oliver Cowdery, its first scribe, as with JS. Cowdery was serving at the time as scribe for JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal. He had transformed that journal into a jointly authored document by writing in the first person plural, making both himself and JS the protagonists. Cowdery made his final entry in the first Ohio journal 5 December 1834, the day he was ordained an assistant president to JS in the general church presidency and placed ahead of JS’s other assistants. He may have begun the 1834–1836 history in response to his new appointment.
The new record was begun in a massive blank book. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left the first twelve pages blank, possibly for a title page and other introductory material to be written later. He then inscribed columns and headings on the next eight pages to reserve them for the genealogies of the four members of the new church presidency. On the following page, he began an entry dated 5 December 1834, the same date as his last entry in JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal.
Just as Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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converted JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal into a JS-Cowdery journal, he may have conceived of the 1834–1836 history as a record for all four members of the church presidency. Cowdery’s entry for 5 December 1834 provided a lengthier and more formal account of his elevation to the church presidency than did JS’s first Ohio journal. Regardless of its purpose, however, the daily log was discontinued after two entries.
The next section of the history, begun months later, is a transcript of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s series of eight letters on church history published in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate between October 1834 and October 1835. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who began the transcription, may have begun working under Cowdery’s direction, but by 29 October 1835 JS had assumed effective control of the document. JS’s journal entry of that date, which notes his employment of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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as his scribe, also records that Parrish “commenced writing in my journal a history of my life, concluding President Cowdery 2d letter to W. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, which president Williams had begun.”1

JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835; see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein. In this case, “my journal” refers to JS’s 1834–1836 history, which JS also called his “large journal.”  


The final section of JS’s history, transcribed by Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, is a revised version of JS’s daily journal entries from late September 1835 to late January 1836.2 Warren Cowdery explained that the intention was to provide a “faithful narration of every important item in his every-day-occurrences.”3

JS History, 1834–1836, 105.  


The revised entries continue to 18 January 1836. Warren Parrish, the final scribe to write in JS’s 1834–1836 history, may have ceased his work in order to embark on a proselytizing mission. However, the reasons for JS’s discontinuing the history entirely are not known.
Further information about the different sections of the 1834–1836 history may be found in intratextual notes preceding each section.
As noted above, the first section of the history includes initial work to compile genealogical data for each member of the church presidency. In an 1832 letter to church leaders in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, JS outlined the contents of the church history to be kept by John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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. In addition to an account of “all things that transpire in Zion,” JS instructed that the record include the names of those who had formally consecrated their property and received church land. At the second coming of Jesus Christ, he wrote, this record would be used to reward “the Saints whose names are found and the names of their fathers and of their children enroled in the Book of the Law of God.”4

JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1, 3.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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apparently followed this model when he began this new historical record in early December 1834. He reserved the pages at the beginning of the history to record family information for JS, himself, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, the four members of the general church presidency as designated on 5 December 1834. Inscribing headings to eight pages, Cowdery intended to prepare two genealogical tables for each of the four presidents, one to identify wife and children and the second to identify parents and siblings. The left column lists births and marriages; the column on the right was reserved for deaths. That Cowdery did not create or even leave room for similar tables for the two assistant presidents appointed on 6 December 1834 suggests that he inscribed both the tables and the entry for 5 December between the 5 and 6 December meetings.

Facts