26017

History, 1834–1836

the house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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above, or below, or any part of it, to play or for recreation at any time, and all parents guardians or mastures masters, shall be ameniable for all damage that shall accrue in consequence of their children.
8th.— All persons whether believers or unbelievers shall be treated with due respect by the authorities of the church.
9th. No imposition shall be practiced upon any member of the church by depriving them of their rights in the house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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.
council adjourned sine die.— Our author returned home this afternoon Pres. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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returned from the City of Columbus

Franklin Co. seat. State capital. Incorporated as borough, 1816. Incorporated as city, Feb. 1834. Population in 1820 about 1,400; in 1830 about 2,400; in 1840 about 6,000; and in 1850 about 18,000.

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the metropolis of this State (Ohio).436

Cowdery had been in Columbus to serve as a delegate from Geauga County to the state Democratic Party convention. (Cowdery, Diary, 8–9 Jan. 1836.)  


At evening himself & wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

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were invited to attend on a matrimonial occasion at Mrs. Catherine Noramore Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

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where he was solicited to solemnize the marriage contract between Mr. John Webb

2 May 1808–3 May 1894. Wainwright, wheelwright, farmer. Born at Manheim, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of James Webb and Betsy Faville (Gaville). Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Married to Catherine Noramore Wilcox by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

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& Mrs. Catharine Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

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; also Mr. Thomas Carrico Jr.

20 Sept. 1801–22 Feb. 1882. Shoemaker. Born at Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Carrico and Deborah Wallis. Baptized into Unitarian church, 27 Sept. 1801, at Beverly. Married first Mary E. Raymond, 30 Aug. 1827, at Beverly. Wife died, 1833...

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& Miss. Elizabeth Baker

4 Dec. 1811–2 May 1883. Born at Bethlehem, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Probably daughter of Abijah Baker and Nancy Crooks. Married to Thomas Carrico Jr. by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland. Moved to Missouri...

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, at the same place. The crowded assembly were seated, and the interview opened by singing & prayer suited to the occasion; after which he made some remarks in relation to the duties that are incumbent on husbands & wives; in particular the great importance there is in cultivating the pure principles of the institution in all its bearings and relations to each other and society in general.— He then invited them to arise and join hands, and pronounced the ceremony according to the rules & regulations of the Church of Latterday Saints;437

Marriage,” ca. Aug. 1835, in Doctrine and Covenants 101, 1835 ed.  


and pronounced such blessings upon their heads as the Lord put into his heart; even the blessings of Abraham Isaac & Jacob, and dismissed by singing and prayer.— We then took some refreshment and our hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This is according to the pattern set us by our Saviour himself whene he graced the marriage in Cana of Gallilee and turned the water into wine that they might make themselves joyful,438

See John 2:1–11.  


and we feel disposed to patronize all the institutions of heaven. Pres. Smith took leave of the audiance and retired.

15 January 1836 • Friday

Friday 15th. Jany.— At 9. oclock A.M. he met in council agreeably to adjournment, at the council room in the Chapel

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
, & organized the authorities of the church agreeable to their respective offices in the same. He then made [p. 177]
the house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
above, or below, or any where part of it, to play or for  recreation at any time, and all parents guardians or ma stures [masters], shall be ameniable for all damage that shall accrue  in consequence of their children.
8th.— All persons whether believers or unbelievers shall be treated  with due respect by the authorities of the church.
9th. No imposition shall be practiced upon any member of the  church by depriving them of their rights in the house

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
.
council adjourned sine die.— Our author returned home  this afternoon Pres. O[liver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
returned from the City of  Columbus

Franklin Co. seat. State capital. Incorporated as borough, 1816. Incorporated as city, Feb. 1834. Population in 1820 about 1,400; in 1830 about 2,400; in 1840 about 6,000; and in 1850 about 18,000.

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the metropolis of this State (Ohio).436

Cowdery had been in Columbus to serve as a delegate from Geauga County to the state Democratic Party convention. (Cowdery, Diary, 8–9 Jan. 1836.)  


At evening himself & wife

10 July 1804–30 Apr. 1879. Scribe, editor, boardinghouse operator, clothier. Born at Willingborough Township (later in Harmony), Susquehanna Co., Pennsylvania. Daughter of Isaac Hale and Elizabeth Lewis. Member of Methodist church at Harmony (later in Oakland...

View Full Bio
were invited to attend on a ma trimonial occasion at Mrs. [Catherine Noramore] Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

View Full Bio
where he was solicited to  solemnize the marriage contract between Mr. John Webb

2 May 1808–3 May 1894. Wainwright, wheelwright, farmer. Born at Manheim, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of James Webb and Betsy Faville (Gaville). Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Married to Catherine Noramore Wilcox by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland...

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 & Mrs. Catharine Wilcox

17 Dec. 1809–11 July 1884. Midwife, nurse. Born at Staco, New Baltimore Township, Greene Co., New York. Daughter of John Noramore and Lydia Hoag. Married first Eber Edward Wilcox, 14 Sept. 1826. Baptized into LDS church and moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., ...

View Full Bio
; also Mr. Thomas Carrico [Jr.]

20 Sept. 1801–22 Feb. 1882. Shoemaker. Born at Beverly, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Carrico and Deborah Wallis. Baptized into Unitarian church, 27 Sept. 1801, at Beverly. Married first Mary E. Raymond, 30 Aug. 1827, at Beverly. Wife died, 1833...

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& Miss.  Eliza[be]th Baker

4 Dec. 1811–2 May 1883. Born at Bethlehem, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Probably daughter of Abijah Baker and Nancy Crooks. Married to Thomas Carrico Jr. by JS, 14 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Baptized into LDS church at Kirtland. Moved to Missouri...

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, at the same place. The crowded assembly  were seated, and the interview opened by singing & prayer  suited to the occasion; after which he made some rema rks in relation to the duties that are incumbent on hus bands & wives; in particular the great importance there is  in cultivating the pure principles of the institution in  all its bearings and relations to each other and society  in general.— He then invited them to arise and join  hands, and pronounced the ceremony according to the  rules & regulations of the Church of Latterday Saints;437

Marriage,” ca. Aug. 1835, in Doctrine and Covenants 101, 1835 ed.  


and  pronounced such blessings upon their heads as the  Lord put into their his heart; even the blessings of  Abraham Isaac & Jacob, and dismissed by singing  and prayer.— We then took some refreshment and our  hearts were made glad with the fruit of the vine. This  is according to the pattern set us by the our Saviour him self whene he graced the marriage in Cana of Gallilee and  turned the water into wine that they might make  themselves joyful,438

See John 2:1–11.  


and we feel disposed to patronize all  the institutions of heaven. Pres. Smith took leave of the  audiance and retired.

15 January 1836 • Friday

Friday 15th. Jany.— At 9. oclock A.M. he met in council  agreeably to adjournment, at the council room in the Cha pel

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
, & organized the authorities of the church agreeable to  their respective offices in the same. He then made [p. 177]
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JS, History, [Dec. 1834–May 1836?]; handwriting of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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, Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, and Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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; includes genealogical and financial tables; 154 pages; verso of JS History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, CHL. Includes redactions, use marks, and archival marking.
Large blank book composed of ruled paper printed with forty horizontal lines in (now faint) blue ink. The text block includes thirty gatherings of various sizes, each about a dozen leaves per gathering, and originally had 384 interior leaves cut to measure 13⅝ x 9 inches (35 x 23 cm). The text block, which was conserved in the late twentieth century, was probably originally sewn on recessed cords and was apparently also glued on leather tapes. The binding features false bands. The endpapers were single-sided marbled leaves featuring a traditional Spanish pattern with slate blue body and black and red veins. The block was bound to pasteboard covers, probably with a hollow-back ledger binding, making a book measuring 14¼ x 9½ x 2½ inches (36 x 24 x 6 cm). The boards were bound in brown suede calfskin. At some point, blind-tooled decorations were made around the outside border and along the board edges and the turned-in edges of the inside covers.
Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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began the text of the document on the thirteenth page of the text block, numbering it as page 9. Cowdery set aside pages 9–16 for genealogical tables for the members of the church presidency. He inscribed the page numbers, table headings, and column and row ruling for the tables in red ink with a quill pen. The content of the tables was inscribed in ink that is now brown with a quill pen, as was the rest of the history. Cowdery inscribed journal-like entries for 5 and 6 December 1834 on pages 17–20. Pages 21–45 are blank except for page numbering. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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copied Cowdery’s 1834–1835 historical articles, published serially in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate, onto pages 46–103. A passage that Parrish missed while copying the first installment of the Cowdery history is supplied on a slip of paper attached to page 50 with adhesive wafers. On pages 103–104, Parrish copied part of a JS letter, also published in the church newspaper. On pages 105–187, Parrish and Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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wrote historical entries based on the entries in JS’s 1835–1836 journal. The genealogical table headings written by Oliver Cowdery, the letter headings and closings written by Williams and Parrish, and the datelines written by Parrish and Warren Cowdery are slightly larger than the ordinary script of these individuals. Parrish’s datelines also feature a vertical stress that contrasts with the oblique stress of his entry inscriptions. In their copying from the Messenger and Advocate, Frederick G. Williams and Warren Parrish often used a slightly larger script for words that appear in small caps in the printed version. Although pagination for the 1834–1836 history was inscribed up to page 241, the actual chronicle reaches only to page 187. Oliver Cowdery numbered pages 9–21, Frederick G. Williams numbered pages 22–58, Warren Parrish numbered pages 59–111, and Warren Cowdery numbered pages 112–241. Sometime later, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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inscribed year and month-and-year headings in black ink on pages 17–20, 46–47, 105–173, and 176–187. Various pages also bear redactions in unidentified handwriting in black and blue pencil.
In 1839, the book was repurposed for the inscription of a new history. The book was turned over so that the back cover became the front and the last leaf became the first. From this new front of the book, JS’s scribes began writing what became the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history (the first 61 pages of which are transcribed as “Draft 2”). That later history filled most of the remaining leaves of the book, running well into the blank pages that were numbered for the 1834–1836 history and up to within five pages of the inscribed entries in the earlier history. However, only numbering on pages 235–241 of the 1834–1836 history were erased (by knife eraser). With the later history’s side of the book upward, the spine of the book was labeled as volume “A | 1” of the multivolume history. Archival stickers were also added at some point to the spine and the inside front cover. Two interior leaves are now missing from the initial gathering of the volume and one leaf is missing from the final gathering. The flyleaves and pastedowns were also lost or removed from the book.1

See JS History, vol. A-1, microfilm, Dec. 1971, CHL. Only one leaf of the original pastedowns and flyleaves is extant. The pastedowns were replaced with undecorated paper in 1994, according to a conservation note on the verso of the extant marbled leaf archived with the volume.  


The volume shows moderate wear, browning, water staining, and brittleness. It has been resewn, rebound, and otherwise conserved.
While the 1834–1836 history was being created, the volume was apparently kept in the homes of JS’s scribes.2

See JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835 and 25 Jan. 1836 (see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein).  


In 1839, scribe James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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converted the book into the first volume of JS’s multivolume manuscript history.3

Jessee, “Writing of Joseph Smith’s History,” 439–441, 450–451, 464.  


In 1842, the church newspaper in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, began publishing this later history.4

The serialized publication of this history began in the 15 March 1842 issue of the Times and Seasons.  


JS maintained custody of the volume through his later life, as indicated by a note he inscribed memorializing his deceased brother Alvin Smith

11 Feb. 1798–19 Nov. 1823. Farmer, carpenter. Born at Tunbridge, Orange Co., Vermont. Son of Joseph Smith Sr. and Lucy Mack. Moved to Randolph, Orange Co., 1802; returned to Tunbridge, before May 1803. Moved to Royalton, Windsor Co., Vermont, 1804, and to...

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, which was attached to the verso of the flyleaf preceding the later history. The volume is listed in the first extant Historian’s Office inventory, made in Nauvoo in February 1846 by clerk Thomas Bullock, and it is listed in inventories of church records made in Salt Lake City in the second half of the nineteenth century.5

“Schedule of Church Records. Nauvoo 1846,” [1]; “Historian’s Office Catalogue 1858,” 2, Catalogs and Inventories, 1846–1904, CHL.  


These and later archival records, as well as archival marking on the volume, indicate continuous institutional custody.

Facts