26017

History, 1834–1836

Noah Packard

7 May 1796–17 Feb. 1860. Farmer, surveyor, miner. Born at Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Noah Packard and Molly Hamblin. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1817. Married Sophia Bundy, 29 June 1820, at Parkman. Baptized into LDS church by...

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, who came to his house and loaned the Chapel Committee,154

In June 1833, Hyrum Smith, Reynolds Cahoon, and Jared Carter were appointed as a committee to direct the construction of the House of the Lord in Kirtland. (Minute Book 1, 6 June 1833.)  


one thousand dollars, for the building of the house of the House of the Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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in this place. O may God bless him an hundred fold, even of this worlds goods, for this act of virtuous liberality. He then as if soliloquizing, writes in his journal. My heart is full of desire this day, to be blessed of the God of Abraham, with prosperity, until I shall be able to pay all my debts, for it is the delight of my soul to be honest, O Lord, that thou knowest right well! help me, and I will give to the poor.

23 September 1835 • Wednesday

September 23d This day three of his brethren, (viz.) Wm.

26 June 1812–29 Mar. 1877. Farmer. Born at Groton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Son of John Tippets and Abigail Pierce (Pearce). Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834–1835. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to...

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John

5 Sept. 1810–14 Feb. 1890. Mail carrier, farmer. Born at Wilton, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of John Tippets and Abigail Pierce. Lived at Lewis, Essex Co., New York, 1813–1834. Baptized into LDS church by Elijah Collins, July 1832. Married first Abigail...

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& Joseph Tibbits Tippets

4 June 1814–12 Oct. 1868. Locksmith, cabinetmaker, farmer. Born at Lewis, Essex Co., New York. Son of Joseph Tippets and Abigail Lewis. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834. Moved to Missouri, 1835. Married first Rosalia Elvira...

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called on him to bid him farewell, having set out on a journey to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, the place designated by the Lord, for the gathering of the Saints in these last days,155

The corresponding entry in the 1835–1836 journal specifies that Missouri is “designated for Zion.” On 28 November 1834, the Kirtland high council met to consider a letter from church members in Essex County, New York, presented by John and Joseph Tippets. The letter listed money and property totaling $848.40 collected to purchase land in Missouri. The two men were advised to remain in Kirtland during the winter and lend part of their money to the church there. At a high council meeting on 24 August 1835, the Tippetses were counseled to resume their journey to Missouri in the fall. This entry marks their departure. (Minute Book 1, 28 Nov. 1834 and 24 Aug. 1835; see also Revelation, 20 July 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 27:1, 1835 ed. [D&C 57:2].)  


A number of brethren came in to pray with them. Brother David Whitmer

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

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took the lead and truly prayed in the spirit, and to use the expression of the subject of our narrative, a glorious time succeeded his prayer; joy filled our hearts and we blessed them & bid them God speed. We promised them a safe journey and bid them adiue for a season. O may God grant them long life and good days. These blessings I ask for them, in the name of Christ, Amen.

24 September 1835 • Thursday

September 24th. This day the High Council of the Church met at his house to take into consideration the afflictions of Zion, and to devize means for her redemption. It was the voice of the Spirit of the Lord, that a petition be sent to the governor

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

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of the state of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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,156

Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri 1832–1836.  


praying for his assistance in his official capacity, in restoring those to their possessions in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

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, who had previously been driven from them by a lawless mob.157

The petition, dated 10 September 1834, was apparently circulated among the Saints and by 30 December 1835 was forwarded to Governor Daniel Dunklin from Kirtland, Ohio, with several hundred signatures attached. The corresponding entry in JS’s 1835–1836 journal describes this petition more forcefully: “we petition to the Governer that is those who have been driven out should do so to be set back on their Lands next spring and we go next season to live or dy in Jackson County.” In a November 1834 message to the Missouri legislature, Daniel Dunklin made reference to the “outrages” committed against the Mormons and noted that “these unfortunate people are now forbidden to take possession of their homes.” A copy of Dunklin’s speech arrived in Kirtland in mid-December 1834, reviving hopes that Latter-day Saint losses might be redressed. Following this news, JS counseled the church members in Missouri to “make but little or no stir in that region, and cause as little excitement as possible and endure their afflictions patiently until the time appointed— and the Governor of Mo. fulfils his promise in setting the church over upon their own lands.” (Petition to Daniel Dunklin, 10 Sept. 1834, copy, William W. Phelps, Collection of Missouri Documents, CHL; JS History, vol. B-1, 559, 563; Whitmer, History, 79.)  


The brethren had a good time, and covenanted to struggle for this, their favorite object, until death dissolve this union; and if one falls, the rest are not to abandon the pursuit, but struggle on, until the ultimate object is attained, which, they prayed that God would grant unto them, in the name of Jesus Christ.
September 25th158

JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “24th”.  


He drew an article for his brethren to sign who were willing to go next Spring and assist in the redemption of Zion.159

This action reflects JS’s firm intention to return to Missouri in spring 1836 with an armed expedition to repossess Mormon property. For John Whitmer’s description of this meeting, see Whitmer, History, 81.  


He felt to ask God in the name of Jesus, that eight hundred or one thousand men, well armed would volunteer to accomplish that great work.

25 September 1835 • Friday

September 25th This day he remained at home, and nothing of note transpired during the day. [p. 106]
Noah Packard

7 May 1796–17 Feb. 1860. Farmer, surveyor, miner. Born at Plainfield, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Noah Packard and Molly Hamblin. Moved to Parkman, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1817. Married Sophia Bundy, 29 June 1820, at Parkman. Baptized into LDS church by...

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, who came to his house and loaned the Chapel  Committee,154

In June 1833, Hyrum Smith, Reynolds Cahoon, and Jared Carter were appointed as a committee to direct the construction of the House of the Lord in Kirtland. (Minute Book 1, 6 June 1833.)  


one thousand dollars, for the building of the house of the House of the  Lord

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

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in this place. O may God bless him an hundred  fold, even of this worlds goods, for this act of virtuous liberality.  He then as if soliloquizing, writes in his journal. My heart  is full of desire this day, to be blessed of the God of Abraham, with  prosperity, until I shall be able to pay all my debts, for it is  the delight of my soul to be honest, O Lord, that thou knowest  right well! help me, and I will give to the poor.

23 September 1835 • Wednesday

September 23d This day three of his brethren, (viz.) Wm.

26 June 1812–29 Mar. 1877. Farmer. Born at Groton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire. Son of John Tippets and Abigail Pierce (Pearce). Baptized into LDS church, by 1834. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834–1835. Participated in Camp of Israel expedition to...

View Full Bio
John

5 Sept. 1810–14 Feb. 1890. Mail carrier, farmer. Born at Wilton, Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of John Tippets and Abigail Pierce. Lived at Lewis, Essex Co., New York, 1813–1834. Baptized into LDS church by Elijah Collins, July 1832. Married first Abigail...

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& Joseph  Tibbits [Tippets]

4 June 1814–12 Oct. 1868. Locksmith, cabinetmaker, farmer. Born at Lewis, Essex Co., New York. Son of Joseph Tippets and Abigail Lewis. Baptized into LDS church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1834. Moved to Missouri, 1835. Married first Rosalia Elvira...

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called on him to bid him farewell, having set out on a  journey to Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, the place designated by the Lord, for the gath ering of the Saints in these last days,155

The corresponding entry in the 1835–1836 journal specifies that Missouri is “designated for Zion.” On 28 November 1834, the Kirtland high council met to consider a letter from church members in Essex County, New York, presented by John and Joseph Tippets. The letter listed money and property totaling $848.40 collected to purchase land in Missouri. The two men were advised to remain in Kirtland during the winter and lend part of their money to the church there. At a high council meeting on 24 August 1835, the Tippetses were counseled to resume their journey to Missouri in the fall. This entry marks their departure. (Minute Book 1, 28 Nov. 1834 and 24 Aug. 1835; see also Revelation, 20 July 1831, in Doctrine and Covenants 27:1, 1835 ed. [D&C 57:2].)  


A number of brethren  came in to pray with them. Brother David Whitmer

7 Jan. 1805–25 Jan. 1888. Farmer, livery keeper. Born near Harrisburg, Dauphin Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Raised Presbyterian. Moved to Ontario Co., New York, shortly after birth. Attended German Reformed Church. Arranged...

View Full Bio
took the lead  and truly prayed in the spirit, and to use the expression of the  subject of our narrative, a glorious time succeeded his prayer;  joy filled our hearts and we blessed them & bid them God speed.  We promised them a safe journey and bid them adiue for a season.  O may God grant them long life and good days. These blessings  I ask for them, in the name of Christ, Amen.

24 September 1835 • Thursday

September 24th. This day the High Council of the Church met at  his house to take into consideration the afflictions of Zion, and  to devize means for her redemption. It was the voice of the Spirit  of the Lord, that a petition be sent to the governor

14 Jan. 1790–25 July 1844. Farmer, tavern owner, businessman, investor, lawyer, politician. Born near Greenville, Greenville District, South Carolina. Son of Joseph Dunklin Jr. and Sarah Margaret Sullivan. Moved to what became Caldwell Co., Kentucky, 1806...

View Full Bio
of the state of  Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
,156

Daniel Dunklin, governor of Missouri 1832–1836.  


praying for his assistance in his official capacity, in  restoring those to their possessions in Jackson County

Settled at Fort Osage, 1808. County created, 16 Feb. 1825; organized 1826. Named after U.S. president Andrew Jackson. Featured fertile lands along Missouri River and was Santa Fe Trail departure point, which attracted immigrants to area. Area of county reduced...

More Info
, who had  previously been driven from them by a lawless mob.157

The petition, dated 10 September 1834, was apparently circulated among the Saints and by 30 December 1835 was forwarded to Governor Daniel Dunklin from Kirtland, Ohio, with several hundred signatures attached. The corresponding entry in JS’s 1835–1836 journal describes this petition more forcefully: “we petition to the Governer that is those who have been driven out should do so to be set back on their Lands next spring and we go next season to live or dy in Jackson County.” In a November 1834 message to the Missouri legislature, Daniel Dunklin made reference to the “outrages” committed against the Mormons and noted that “these unfortunate people are now forbidden to take possession of their homes.” A copy of Dunklin’s speech arrived in Kirtland in mid-December 1834, reviving hopes that Latter-day Saint losses might be redressed. Following this news, JS counseled the church members in Missouri to “make but little or no stir in that region, and cause as little excitement as possible and endure their afflictions patiently until the time appointed— and the Governor of Mo. fulfils his promise in setting the church over upon their own lands.” (Petition to Daniel Dunklin, 10 Sept. 1834, copy, William W. Phelps, Collection of Missouri Documents, CHL; JS History, vol. B-1, 559, 563; Whitmer, History, 79.)  


The brethren had a good time, and covenanted to struggle for  this, their favorite object, until death dissolve this union; and  if one falls, the rest are not to abandon the pursuit, but struggle  on, until the ultimate object is attained, which, they prayed  that God would grant unto them, in the name of Jesus Christ.
September 24th <25th>158

JS’s 1835–1836 journal has “24th”.  


He drew an article for his brethren to sign  who were willing to go next Spring and assist in the redemp tion of Zion.159

This action reflects JS’s firm intention to return to Missouri in spring 1836 with an armed expedition to repossess Mormon property. For John Whitmer’s description of this meeting, see Whitmer, History, 81.  


He felt to ask God in the name of Jesus, that  eight hundred or one thousand men, well armed would vol unteer to accomplish that great work.

25 September 1835 • Friday

September 25th This day he remained at home, and  nothing of note transpired during the day. [p. 106]
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JS’s 1834–1836 history is a composite historical record consisting of genealogical tables, journal-like entries, and transcripts of newspaper articles. It shifts abruptly in format from one unfinished section to the next. The order of handwriting in the history roughly matches that found in the 1835–1836 journal, and like the journal, the history passed from Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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to Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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to Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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to Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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. Finally, it returned to Parrish. The purpose for which the record was created is unclear, as is the rationale for its differing formats. At the beginning, the 1834–1836 history may have had as much to do with Oliver Cowdery, its first scribe, as with JS. Cowdery was serving at the time as scribe for JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal. He had transformed that journal into a jointly authored document by writing in the first person plural, making both himself and JS the protagonists. Cowdery made his final entry in the first Ohio journal 5 December 1834, the day he was ordained an assistant president to JS in the general church presidency and placed ahead of JS’s other assistants. He may have begun the 1834–1836 history in response to his new appointment.
The new record was begun in a massive blank book. Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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left the first twelve pages blank, possibly for a title page and other introductory material to be written later. He then inscribed columns and headings on the next eight pages to reserve them for the genealogies of the four members of the new church presidency. On the following page, he began an entry dated 5 December 1834, the same date as his last entry in JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal.
Just as Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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converted JS’s first Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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journal into a JS-Cowdery journal, he may have conceived of the 1834–1836 history as a record for all four members of the church presidency. Cowdery’s entry for 5 December 1834 provided a lengthier and more formal account of his elevation to the church presidency than did JS’s first Ohio journal. Regardless of its purpose, however, the daily log was discontinued after two entries.
The next section of the history, begun months later, is a transcript of Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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’s series of eight letters on church history published in the Latter Day Saints’ Messenger and Advocate between October 1834 and October 1835. Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, who began the transcription, may have begun working under Cowdery’s direction, but by 29 October 1835 JS had assumed effective control of the document. JS’s journal entry of that date, which notes his employment of Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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as his scribe, also records that Parrish “commenced writing in my journal a history of my life, concluding President Cowdery 2d letter to W. W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, which president Williams had begun.”1

JS, Journal, 29 Oct. 1835; see also entry for 29 Oct. 1835 herein. In this case, “my journal” refers to JS’s 1834–1836 history, which JS also called his “large journal.”  


The final section of JS’s history, transcribed by Warren Cowdery

17 Oct. 1788–23 Feb. 1851. Physician, druggist, farmer, editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Married Patience Simonds, 22 Sept. 1814, in Pawlet, Rutland Co. Moved to Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., New York, 1816...

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and Warren Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, is a revised version of JS’s daily journal entries from late September 1835 to late January 1836.2 Warren Cowdery explained that the intention was to provide a “faithful narration of every important item in his every-day-occurrences.”3

JS History, 1834–1836, 105.  


The revised entries continue to 18 January 1836. Warren Parrish, the final scribe to write in JS’s 1834–1836 history, may have ceased his work in order to embark on a proselytizing mission. However, the reasons for JS’s discontinuing the history entirely are not known.
Further information about the different sections of the 1834–1836 history may be found in intratextual notes preceding each section.
As noted above, the first section of the history includes initial work to compile genealogical data for each member of the church presidency. In an 1832 letter to church leaders in Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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, JS outlined the contents of the church history to be kept by John Whitmer

27 Aug. 1802–11 July 1878. Farmer, stock raiser, newspaper editor. Born in Pennsylvania. Son of Peter Whitmer Sr. and Mary Musselman. Member of German Reformed Church, Fayette, Seneca Co., New York. Baptized by Oliver Cowdery, June 1829, most likely in Seneca...

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. In addition to an account of “all things that transpire in Zion,” JS instructed that the record include the names of those who had formally consecrated their property and received church land. At the second coming of Jesus Christ, he wrote, this record would be used to reward “the Saints whose names are found and the names of their fathers and of their children enroled in the Book of the Law of God.”4

JS, Kirtland, OH, to William W. Phelps, [Independence, MO], 27 Nov. 1832, in JS Letterbook 1, pp. 1, 3.  


Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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apparently followed this model when he began this new historical record in early December 1834. He reserved the pages at the beginning of the history to record family information for JS, himself, Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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, and Frederick G. Williams

28 Oct. 1787–10 Oct. 1842. Ship’s pilot, teacher, physician, justice of the peace. Born at Suffield, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of William Wheeler Williams and Ruth Granger. Moved to Newburg, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, 1799. Practiced Thomsonian botanical system...

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, the four members of the general church presidency as designated on 5 December 1834. Inscribing headings to eight pages, Cowdery intended to prepare two genealogical tables for each of the four presidents, one to identify wife and children and the second to identify parents and siblings. The left column lists births and marriages; the column on the right was reserved for deaths. That Cowdery did not create or even leave room for similar tables for the two assistant presidents appointed on 6 December 1834 suggests that he inscribed both the tables and the entry for 5 December between the 5 and 6 December meetings.

Facts