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History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

shall be cut off in mine own due time; and after I have  commanded and the commandment is broken, wherefore I the  Lord command and revoke, as it seemeth me good; and  all this to be answered upon the heads of the rebellious saith the  Lord: wherefore, I revoke the commandment which was given  unto my servants Thomas B Marsh and Ezra Thayre, and  give a new commandment unto my servant Thomas, that he  shall take up his journey spedily to the land of Missouri;  and my servant Selah J. Griffin shall also go with him: for  Behold I revoke the commandment that was given unto my ser [v]ants Selah J. Griffin and Newel Knight, in consequence of  the stiffneckedness of my people which are in Thompson; and  their rebellions; wherefore let my servant Newel Knight remain  with them, and as many as will go may go, that are contrite  before me, and be led by him to the land I which I have  appointed.
3. And again verily I say unto you, that my servant Ezra  Thayre must repent of his pride, and of his selfishness, and obey  the former commandment which I have given him concering  the place upon which he lives; and if he will do this, as there  shall be no divisions upon made upon the land, he shall be ap pointed still to go to the land of Missouri; otherwise he shall  receive is the which he has paid and shall leave the place, and  shall be cut off out of the my church, saith the Lord God of hosts;  and though the heaven and the earth pass away, these words  shall not pass away, but shall be fulfilled.
4. And if my servant Joseph Smith, Jr. must needs pay the money,  behold I the Lord will pay it unto him again in the land of  Missouri, that those of whom he shall receive may be rewar ded again according to that which they do:— For according  to that which they do, they shall in receive; even in lands for  their inheritance. Behold, thus saith the Lord unto my people,  you have many things to do, and to repent of; for behold your  sins have come up before unto me and are not pardoned,  because you seek to counsel in your own ways. And  your hearts are not satisfied. And ye obey not the truth,  but have pleasure in unrighteous.
5 Wo unto you rich men, that will not give your substance  to the poor, for your riches will canker your souls! [p. 125]
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This document, volume A-1, is the first of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. Volume A-1 encompasses the period from JS’s birth in 1805 to 30 August 1834, just after the return of the Camp of Israel (later known as Zion’s Camp) from Missouri to Kirtland, Ohio. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
In April 1838 JS renewed his effort to draft a “history” with the aid of his counselor Sidney Rigdon. George W. Robinson served as scribe. JS’s journal for late April and early May 1838 notes six days on which JS, Rigdon, and Robinson were engaged in “writing history.” Though not completed and no longer extant, that draft laid the foundation for what became a six-volume manuscript eventually published as the “History of Joseph Smith,” and at least a portion of its contents are assumed to have been included in the manuscript presented here.
On 11 June 1839 in Commerce, Illinois, JS once again began dictating his “history.” James Mulholland now served as scribe. Apparently the narrative commenced where the earlier 1838 draft left off. When work was interrupted in July 1839, Mulholland inscribed the draft material, including at least some of Robinson’s earlier material, into a large record book already containing the text of an incomplete history previously produced over a span of two years, 1834–1836. For the new history, Mulholland simply turned the ledger over and began at the back of the book. The volume was later labeled A-1 on its spine, identifying it as the first of multiple volumes of the manuscript history.
Prior to his untimely death on 3 November 1839, Mulholland recorded the first fifty-nine pages in the volume. Subsequently, his successor, Robert B. Thompson, contributed about sixteen more pages before his death in August 1841. William W. Phelps then added a little over seventy-five pages. However, it was not until Willard Richards was appointed JS’s “private secretary and historian” that substantial progress was made on the compilation of the history. Richards would contribute the remainder of the text inscribed in the 553-page first volume. The narrative recorded in A-1 was completed in August 1843. Thomas Bullock and Charles Wandell subsequently added sixteen pages of “Addenda” material, which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated. For instance, several of the addenda expanded on the account of the Camp of Israel as initially recorded.
JS dictated or supplied information for much of A-1, and he personally corrected the first forty-two pages before his death. As planned, his historian-scribes maintained the first-person, chronological narrative format initially established in the volume. When various third-person accounts were drawn upon, they were generally converted to the first person, as if JS was directly relating the account. After JS’s death, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, George A. Smith, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” At the time of JS’s death only the history through December 1831 had been published. When the final issue of the Times and Seasons, dated 15 February 1846 appeared, the account had been carried forward through August 1834—the end of the material recorded in A-1. The “History of Joseph Smith” was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
Aside from the material dictated or supplied by JS prior to his murder, the texts for A-1 and for the history’s subsequent volumes were drawn from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. The narrative in A-1 provides JS’s personal account of the foundational events of his life as a prophet and the early progress of the church. It also encompasses contentions and disputations that erupted between the Latter-day Saints and their neighbors in New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Missouri. While it remains difficult to distinguish JS’s own contributions from composition of his historian-scribes, the narrative trenchantly captures the poignancy and intensity of his life while offering an enlightening account of the birth of the church he labored to establish.

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