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History, 1838–1856, volume A-1 [23 December 1805–30 August 1834]

21 And again, every person who belongeth to this church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

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, shall observe to keep all the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

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and covenants of the church: And it shall come to pass, that if any persons among you shall kill they shall be [de]livered up and dealt with according to the laws of the land: For, remember, he hath no forgiveness; and it shall be proven according to the laws of the land.
22. And if any man or woman shall commit adultery, he or she shall be tried before two elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the church, or more, and every word shall be established against him or her, by two witnesses of the church, and not of the enemy. But if their more than two witnesses it is the better; but he or she shall be condemned by the mouth of two witnesses, and the elders shall lay the case before the church, and the church shall lift up their hands against him or her, that they may be dealt with according to the law of God. And if it can be, it is necessary that bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, he functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
be present also. And thus ye shall do in all cases which shall come before you. And if a man or woman shall rob, he or she shall be dilivered up unto the law of the land. And if he or she shall steal, he or she shall be delivered up unto the law of the land. If he or she shall do any manner of iniquity, he or she shall be dilivered up unto the law, even that of God.
23. And if thy brother or sister offend thee, thou shalt take him or her between him or her and thee alone; and if he or she confess, thou shalt be reconciled. And if he or she confess not, thou shalt deliver him or her up unto the church, not to the members but to the elders. And it shall be done in a meeting, and that not before the world. And if thy brother or sister offend many, he or she shall be chastened before many. And if any one offend openly, he or she shall be rebuked openly, that he or she may be ashamed. And if he or she confess not, he or she shall be delivered up unto the law of God. If any shall offend in secret, he or she shall be rebuked in sesecret, that he or she shall be rebuked in secret, that he or she may have opportunity to confess in secret to him or her who he or she has offended; and to God, that the church the church may not speak reproachfully of him or her. And thus shall ye conduct in all things. [p. 100]
21 And again, every person who belongeth to this church of Christ

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
,  shall observe to keep all the commandments

Generally, a divine mandate that church members were expected to obey; more specifically, a text dictated by JS in the first-person voice of deity that served to communicate knowledge and instruction to JS and his followers. Occasionally, other inspired texts...

View Glossary
and covenants of  the church: And it shall come to pass, that if any persons among  you shall kill they shall be [de]livered up and dealt with according  to the laws of the land: For, remember, he hath no forgiveness; and it  shall be proven according to the laws of the land.
22. And if any man or woman shall commit adultery, he  or she shall be tried before two elders

A male leader in the church generally; an ecclesiastical and priesthood office or one holding that office; a proselytizing missionary. The Book of Mormon explained that elders ordained priests and teachers and administered “the flesh and blood of Christ unto...

View Glossary
of the church, or more,  and every word shall be established against him or her, by  two witnesses of the church, and not of the enemy. But if their  more than two witnesses it is the better; but he or she shall be  condemned by the mouth of two witnesses, and the elders shall  lay the case before the church, and the church shall lift up  their hands against him or her, that they may be dealt with  according to the law of God. And if it can be, it is necessa ry that bishop

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. JS appointed Edward Partridge as the first bishop in February 1831. Following this appointment, he functioned as the local leader of the church in Missouri. Later revelations described a bishop’s duties as receiving...

View Glossary
be present also. And thus ye shall do in all  cases which shall come before you. And if a man or woman  shall rob, he or she shall be dilivered up unto the law of the  land. And if he or she shall steal, he or she shall be de livered up unto the law of the land. If he or she shall  do any manner of iniquity, he or she shall be dilivered  up unto the law, even that of God.
23. And if thy brother or sister offend thee, thou shalt take  him or her between him or her and thee alone; and <if> he or she  confess, thou shalt be reconciled. And if he or she confess  not, thou shalt deliver him or her up unto the church, not  to the members but to the elders. And it shall be done in a meet ing, and that not before the world. And if thy brother or sister  offend many, he or she shall be chastened before many. And if  any one offend openly, he or she shall be rebuked openly, that  he or she may be ashamed. And if he or she confess not, he  or she shall be delivered up unto the law of God. If any  shall offend in secret, he or she shall be rebuked in se secret, that he or she shall be rebuked in secret, that he or  she may have opportunity to confess in secret to him or her  who he or she has offended; and to God, that the church the  church may not speak reproachfully of him or her.  And thus shall ye conduct in all things. [p. 100]
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JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. A-1, created 11 June 1839–24 Aug. 1843; handwriting of James Mulholland

1804–3 Nov. 1839. Born in Ireland. Baptized into LDS church. Married Sarah Scott, 8 Feb. 1838, at Far West, Caldwell Co., Missouri. Engaged in clerical work for JS, 1838, at Far West. Ordained a seventy, 28 Dec. 1838. After expulsion from Missouri, lived ...

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, Robert B. Thompson

1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22...

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, William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, and Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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; 553 pages, plus 16 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the first volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This first volume covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 30 August 1834; the remaining five volumes, labeled B-1 through F-1, continue through 8 August 1844.

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