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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

I did so; and in return I asked him to lay his hands on me, and we were both relieved.

28 November 1835 • Saturday

November 28. Saturday 28 spent the morning in comparing our journal. Elder Josiah Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

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, from the state of Kentucky called on me.
Considerably reserved from my cold. Cold and stormy, snow falling, and winter seems fast to be closing in. All nature shrinks before Elder Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

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bitten by a mad dog. the chilling blasts of rigid winter. Elder Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

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above mentioned, whose residence is about 3 miles from Cincinnati

Area settled largely by emigrants from New England and New Jersey, by 1788. Village founded and surveyed adjacent to site of Fort Washington, 1789. First seat of legislature of Northwest Territory, 1790. Incorporated as city, 1819. Developed rapidly as shipping...

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, was bitten by a mad dog some three or four years since, has doctored much, and received some benefit, but is much afflicted notwithstanding: he came here that he might be benefitted by the prayers of the church; accordingly we prayed for and layed hands on him in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, and anointed him with oil and rebuked his affliction, praying our heavenly Father to hear and answer our prayers according to our faith. Cold and snowy.

29 November 1835 • Sunday

29. Sunday morning 29th. went to meeting at the usual hour, Elder Isaac Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

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Preached; and in the afternoon Bishop [Edward] Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

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. These discourses were well adapted to the times in which we live, and the circumstances under which we are placed. Their words were words of wisdom like apples of gold in pictures of silver; spoken in the simple accents of a child, yet sublime as the voice of an angel. The saints appeared to be much pleased with the beautiful discourses of these two fathers in Israel. After these services closed, three of the Zion brethren came forward and received their blessings, & Solon Foster was ordained an elder, the Lord’s supper administered. Spent the evening at home. Snow fell about one foot deep: very cold.

30 November 1835 • Monday

30. Monday Morning 30th. The snow continues to fall; an uncommon storm for this country, and this Season of the year. Spent the day in reviewing and copying the letter I dictated on the 16th concerning the gathering, for the Messenger and Advocate. Henry Capron

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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, an old acquaintance, from Manchester

Settled 1793. Formed as Burt Township when divided from Farmington Township, 31 Mar. 1821. Name changed to Manchester, 16 Apr. 1822. Included village of Manchester. Population in 1825 about 2,700. Population in 1830 about 2,800. JS reported first vision of...

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, N.Y. called on me. I shewed him the Egyptian records.

1 December 1835 • Tuesday

December 1. December 1st. 1835 At home spent the day in writing for the Messenger and Advocate. Fine sleighing and the snow yet falling.

2 December 1835 • Wednesday

Wednesday 2. Wednesday 2nd. A fine morning. I started to ride to Painesville

Located on Grand River twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Created and settled, 1800. Originally named Champion. Flourished economically from harbor on Lake Erie and as major route of overland travel for western emigration. Included Painesville village; laid...

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with my family, and Scribe

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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: When we were passing through Mentor Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

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, we overtook a team with two men on the sleigh. I politely asked them to let me pass. They granted my request, and as we passed them, they bawled out do you get any Revelation lately, with an addition of blackguard that I did not understand. character of Mentor Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

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. This is a fair sample of the character of Mentor Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

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inhabitants, who are ready to abuse and scandalize men. who never laid a straw in their way; and in fact those whose faces, they never saw, and cannot bring an accusation against, either of a temporal or spiritual nature, except our firm belief in the fulness of the gospel. And I was led to marvel at the Long suffering and condescention of our heavenly Father, in permitting these ungodly wretches to possess this goodly land, which is indeed as beautifully [p. 657]
I did so; and in return I asked him to lay his hands on me, and  we were both relieved.

28 November 1835 • Saturday

<November 28.> Saturday 28 spent the day morning in comparing  our journal. Elder Josiah Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

View Full Bio
, from the state of Ky Kentucky called on me.
Considerably reserved from my cold. Cold and stormy, snow falling,  and winter seems fast to be closing in. All nature shrinks before  <Elder Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

View Full Bio
bitten  by a mad dog.> the chilling blasts of rigid winter. Elder Clark

Ca. 1794–Aug. 1869. Farmer. Born in New Jersey. Married Parthenia. Lived at Columbia, Hamilton Co., Ohio, 1830. Moved to Campbell Co., Kentucky, by May 1833. Subscriber to LDS Messenger and Advocate, 1836. Represented Cincinnati branch of church at conference...

View Full Bio
above mentioned, whose  residence is about 3 miles from Cincin[n]ati

Area settled largely by emigrants from New England and New Jersey, by 1788. Village founded and surveyed adjacent to site of Fort Washington, 1789. First seat of legislature of Northwest Territory, 1790. Incorporated as city, 1819. Developed rapidly as shipping...

More Info
, was bitten by a mad dog  some three or four years since, has doctored much, and received  some benefit, but is much afflicted notwithstanding: he came here  that he might be benefitted by the prayers of the church; accordingly  we prayed for and layed hands on him in the name of the Lord  Jesus Christ, and anointed him with oil and rebuked his affliction,  praying our heavenly Father to hear and answer our prayers ac cording to our faith. Cold and snowy.

29 November 1835 • Sunday

<29.> Sunday morning 29th. went to meeting at the usual hour, Elder  [Isaac] Morley

11 Mar. 1786–24 June 1865. Farmer, cooper, merchant, postmaster. Born at Montague, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Thomas Morley and Editha (Edith) Marsh. Family affiliated with Presbyterian church. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, before 1812. Married...

View Full Bio
Preached; and in the afternoon Bishop [Edward] Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
. These discour ses were well adapted to the times in which we live, and the cir cumstances under which we are placed. Their words were words  of wisdom like apples of gold in pictures of silver; spoken in the  simple accents of a child, yet sublime as the voice of an angel.  The saints appeared to be much pleased with the beautiful  discourses of these two fathers in Israel. After these services  closed, three of the Zion brethren came forward and received their  blessings, & Solon Foster was ordained an elder, the Lord’s supper  administered. Spent the evening at home. Snow fell about one  foot deep: very cold.

30 November 1835 • Monday

<30.> Monday Morning 30th. The snow continues to fall; an uncom mon storm for this country, and this Season of the year. Spent  the day in reviewing and copying the letter I dictated on the 16[th]  concerning the gathering, for the Messenger and Advocate.  Henry Capron

14 Mar. 1815–18 Jan. 1865. Farmer, town officer. Born in New York. Son of Joseph Capron and Sabra Avery. Moved to Perrinton, Ontario Co., New York, by 1820. Lived next to JS’s family at Manchester, Ontario Co. Visited JS, 30 Nov. 1835, in Kirtland, Geauga...

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, and old acquaintance, from Manchester

Settled 1793. Formed as Burt Township when divided from Farmington Township, 31 Mar. 1821. Name changed to Manchester, 16 Apr. 1822. Included village of Manchester. Population in 1825 about 2,700. Population in 1830 about 2,800. JS reported first vision of...

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, N.Y. called on me.  I shewed him the Egyptian records.

1 December 1835 • Tuesday

<December 1.> December 1st. 1835 At home spent the day in writing for the Mes senger and Advocate. Fine sleighing and the snow yet falling.

2 December 1835 • Wednesday

<Wednesday 2.> Wednesday 2nd. A fine morning. I started to ride to Pain[e]sville

Located on Grand River twelve miles northeast of Kirtland. Created and settled, 1800. Originally named Champion. Flourished economically from harbor on Lake Erie and as major route of overland travel for western emigration. Included Painesville village; laid...

More Info
with  my family, and Scribe

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

View Full Bio
: When we were passing through Mentor  Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

More Info
, we overtook a team with two men on the sleigh. I polite ly asked them to let me pass. They granted my request, and  as we passed them, they bawled out do you get any Revelation  lately, with an addition of blackguard that I did not understand.  <character of  Mentor Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

More Info
.> This is a fair sample of the character of Mentor Street

Road running southwest from Painesville to Mentor and on to Willoughby. Intersected at Mentor with road leading south to Kirtland. JS took family on sleigh ride over part of road, 2 Dec. 1835.

More Info
inhab itants, who are ready to abuse and scandalize men. who nev er laid a straw in their way; and in fact those whose faces,  they never saw, and cannot bring an accusation against, either  of a temporal or spiritual nature, except our firm belief in the fulness  of the gospel. And I was led to marvel at the Long suffering and  condescention of our heavenly Father, in permitting these ungodly  wretches to possess this goodly land, which is indeed as beautifully [p. 657]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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