43990549

History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

lands will take such a price for the same, as the above apprizers November 10 shall think worth, and that the same be then disposed of as is voted above. A call was then made for those whose circumstances were such as to permit, to go out to preach, to present themselves. There were twenty three who arose. Sylvester H. Earl, Henry Jackson

Ca. 1798–1887. Basket maker. Born in Ohio. Married first Sarah, by 1820. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, before 1831. Moved to Indiana, by 1831. Disciplined at church conference at Winchester, Randolph Co., Indiana, and subsequently reordained...

View Full Bio
, Harrison Sagers, and John W. Clark, were ordained Elders, and William J. Levans was ordained a Priest. Pres’t Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
then closed the meeting by Prayer.
T. B. Marsh

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

View Full Bio
,
Moderator.
Attest. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
Clerk.

November 1837

Joseph left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
About this time I left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
on my return to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
.

20 November 1837 • Monday

20 “Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
November 20th The High council met in the Lord’s House

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
. John Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

View Full Bio
Presiding. Reuben Hedlock

1809–5 July 1869. Printer, carpenter, journeyman. Born in U.S. Married first Susan Wheeler, 1827. Married second Lydia Fox. Baptized into LDS church, by 1836. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, and ordained an elder, by 1836. Appointed counselor to Alvah...

View Full Bio
preferred the following charge against Zenos H. Brewster, Jane Brewster, James Collin Brewster, D. H. Dustin and wife, Moses R. Norris and wife, Eliza Norris, Samuel Barnet, Jemima Butler, O. Duel—— Butler and Roxana Repsher; for giving heed to Revelations said to be translated from the Book of Moroni by Collins Brewster, and for entering into a written covenant different from the articles and covenants of the church of latter Day saints, and following a vain and delusive spirit. Two were appointed to speak on each side. The writings and revelations kept and received by the accused were presented, and read by the clerk of the council. The accused plead not guilty. Brother Felshaw was called forward by the Plaintiff, who stated that he had visited the accused and labored with them according to the law of the church; that the accused Justified themselves, seeing the church had not lived according to the former revelations, and that they considered the High Council and others were in transgression; and that most of the accused appeared to be determined to pursue their own way whether right or wrong. Bro Allen said the accused appeared to manifest a hard spirit against the presidents of the Church and the High Council. Bro Dunn concurred. Bro Sawyer stated that he heard brother Norris say, that those in authority were against him, and if he could not establish an order of things here to his mind, he would go out among the gentiles and do it. Bro. Knights confirmed the foregoing testimony. The accused called bror Freeman who stated that he had attended a number of the meetings of the accused, and saw nothing out of the way. Bro Ezra Strong

26 June 1788–3 Apr. 1877. Farmer. Born at Philipstown, Albany Co., New York. Son of Ezra Strong and Nancy Gates. Married Olive Lowell, 19 Nov. 1814. Moved to Erie Co., New York, by Jan. 1816. Moved to Sheldon, Genesee Co., New York, by June 1830. Baptized...

View Full Bio
confirmed bro Freeman’s statement, but did not know, when he attended the meetings that they received Revelations for themselves. Bro L. Foster agreed with the last two witnesses. Bro Preston was called by the accuser, who testified that the accused refuse to admit him into their meeting, and that others were rejected. Several witnesses testified they had attended their meetings and saw nothing wrong. Others testified they had heard them speak against the heads of the church, and that Bro Joseph had many things to repent of. and one of them said he thought some put too much stress on the priesthood, and that he was informed that brother Norris laid his hands on Collins and ordained him a prophet and that one of the accused said he was determined to pursue his own course whether it suited the High counsel or not. “After the pleas of the counsellors, the accused spoke in justification. of their course generally, when the council decided that the charge had been fully sustained, and withdrew fellowship from those who persisted in their course of conduct as before mentioned.” Harlow Redfield

25 Sept. 1801–3 Aug. 1866. Farmer. Born at Chestnut Hill, Killingworth Township, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Levi Redfield and Weltha Stevens. Christened member of First Congregational Church, 21 Jan. 1821. Married first Caroline Foster, 1824. Moved...

View Full Bio
Clk. [p. 778]
lands will take such a price for the same, as the above apprizers  <November 10> shall think worth, and that the same bet be then disposed of as is  voted above. A call was then made for those whose circum stances were such as to permit, to go out to preach, to present them selves. There were twenty three who arose. Sylvester H. Earl,  Henry Jackson

Ca. 1798–1887. Basket maker. Born in Ohio. Married first Sarah, by 1820. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, before 1831. Moved to Indiana, by 1831. Disciplined at church conference at Winchester, Randolph Co., Indiana, and subsequently reordained...

View Full Bio
, Harrison Sagers, and John W. Clark, were  ordained Elders, and William J. Levans was ordained a Priest.  Pres’t Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
then closed the meeting by Prayer.
T. B. Marsh

1 Nov. 1800–Jan. 1866. Farmer, hotel worker, waiter, horse groom, grocer, type foundry worker, teacher. Born at Acton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of James Marsh and Molly Law. Married first Elizabeth Godkin, 1 Nov. 1820, at New York City. Moved to ...

View Full Bio
,
Moderator.
Attest. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
Clerk.

November 1837

<Joseph left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
> About this time I left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
on my return to Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
.

20 November 1837 • Monday

<20> “Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
November 20th The High council met in the Lord’s House

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1831, directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” In Dec. 1832, JS revelation directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS revelation, dated 1 June 1833, chastened...

More Info
. John  Smith

16 July 1781–23 May 1854. Farmer. Born at Derryfield (later Manchester), Rockingham Co., New Hampshire. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Member of Congregational Church. Appointed overseer of highways at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York, 1810. Married...

View Full Bio
Sen Presiding. Reuben Hedlock

1809–5 July 1869. Printer, carpenter, journeyman. Born in U.S. Married first Susan Wheeler, 1827. Married second Lydia Fox. Baptized into LDS church, by 1836. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, and ordained an elder, by 1836. Appointed counselor to Alvah...

View Full Bio
preferred the following charge against  Z<enos> H. Brewster, Jane Brewster, [James] Collin Brewster, D. H. Dustin and wife,  Moses R. Norris and wife, Eliza Norris, Samuel Barnet, Jemima Butler,  O. Duel—— Butler and Roxana Repsher; for giving heed to Revela tions said to be translated from the Book of Moroni by Collins Brewster,  and for entering into a written covenant different from the articles  and covenants of the church of latter Day saints, and following a vain and de lusive spirit. Two were appointed to speak on each side. The writings and  revelations kept and received by the accused were presented, and read by  the clerk of the council. The accused plead not guilty. Brother Felshaw was  called forward by the Plaintiff, who stated that he had visited the accused and la bored with them according to the law of the church; that the accused Justified them selves, seeing the church had not lived according to the former revelations, and that  they considered the High Council and others were in transgression; and that most  of the accused appeared to be determined to pursue their own way whether  right or wrong. Bro Allen said the accused appeared to manifest a hard  spirit against the presidents of the Church and the High Council. Bro  Dunn concurred. Bro Sawyer stated that he heard brother Norris say, that  those in authority were against him, and if he could not establish an order of  things here to his mind, he would go out among the gentiles and do it. Bro.  Knights confirmed the foregoing testimony. The accused called bror Freeman  who stated that he had attended a number of the meetings of the accused, and  saw nothing out of the way. Bro E[zra] Strong

26 June 1788–3 Apr. 1877. Farmer. Born at Philipstown, Albany Co., New York. Son of Ezra Strong and Nancy Gates. Married Olive Lowell, 19 Nov. 1814. Moved to Erie Co., New York, by Jan. 1816. Moved to Sheldon, Genesee Co., New York, by June 1830. Baptized...

View Full Bio
confirmed bro Freeman’s statement, but  did not know, when he attended the meetings that they received Revelations for  themselves. Bro L. Foster agreed with the last two witnesses. Bro Preston  was called by the accuser, who testified that the accused refuse to admit him  into their meeting, and that others were rejected. Several witnesses testified  they had attended their meetings and saw nothing wrong. Others testified  they had heard them speak against the heads of the church, and that Bro  Joseph had many things to repent of. and one of them said he thought  some put too much stress on the priesthood, and that he was informed  that brother Norris laid his hands on Collins and ordained him a prophet  and that one of the accused said he was determined to pursue his own course  whether it suited the High counsel or not. “After the pleas of the counsellors,  the accused spoke in justification. of their course generally, when the council  decided that the charge had been fully sustained, and withdrew fellowship from  those who persisted in their course of conduct as before mentioned.” Harlow Redfield

25 Sept. 1801–3 Aug. 1866. Farmer. Born at Chestnut Hill, Killingworth Township, Middlesex Co., Connecticut. Son of Levi Redfield and Weltha Stevens. Christened member of First Congregational Church, 21 Jan. 1821. Married first Caroline Foster, 1824. Moved...

View Full Bio
Clk. [p. 778]
PreviousNext
This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

View Full Bio
, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

View Full Bio
, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

View Full Bio
, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

Facts