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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

“And I saw an other angel flying in the midst of heaven, having July Patten

14 Nov. 1799–25 Oct. 1838. Farmer. Born in Vermont. Son of Benoni Patten and Edith Cole. Moved to Theresa, Oneida Co., New York, as a young child. Moved to Dundee, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, as a youth. Married Phoebe Ann Babcock, 1828, in Dundee. Affiliated...

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’s Epistle continued. the everlasting gospel to preach to them that dwell on the earth. And to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a loud voice, fear God and give glory to him for the hour of his judgment is come: worship him that made heaven, and Earth, and the Sea, and the fountains of waters.
Now observe, this angel delivers the everlasting Gospel to man on earth, and that too when the hour of the judgments of God had come on the generation, in the which, the Lord should set his hand the second time, as Stated above.
Now we have learned that this deliverer must be clothed with the power of all the other dispensations, or it could not be called the fulness of times: For this is what it means, that all things shall be revealed, both in heaven and on earth; For the Lord said, there was nothing secret that should not be revealed, or hid that should not come abroad, and be proclaimed upon the house top; and this may with propriety be called the fulness of times.
The authority connected with the ordinances, renders the time very desirable to the man of God, and renders him happy, amidst all his trials, and afflictions. To such an one through the grace of God, we are indebted for this dispensation, as given by the angel of the Lord. But to what tribe of Israel was it to be delivered? We answer to Ephraim, because to him were the greater blessings given. For the Lord said to his father Joseph: “A seer shall the Lord raise up of the fruit of my loins, and he shall be a choice seer unto the fruit of my loins; Yea, he truly said; Thus saith the Lord, a choice seer will I raise up, out of the fruit of thy loins, and he shall be esteemed highly; and unto him will I give commandment, that he shall do a work for the fruit of thy loins, his brethren, which shall be of great worth unto them, even to the bringing of them to the knowledge of the covenants, which I have made with their fathers. And I will give unto him a commandment that he shall do none other work, save the work which I shall command him; and I will make him great in mine eyes, for he shall do my work, and he shall be great like unto Moses; and out of weakness he shall be made strong, in that day when my work shall commence among all people, unto the restoring of the house of Israel, saith the Lord.”
And thus prophecied Joseph, saying,— “behold, that seer will the Lord bless, and they that seek to destroy him shall be confounded. Behold I am sure of the fulfilment of this promise, and his name shall be called after me; and it shall be after the name of his father; and he shall be like unto me, for the thing which the Lord shall bring forth by his hand by the power of the Father, shall bring my people unto salvation.”
Thus prophecied Joseph, “I am sure of this thing, even as I am sure of the promise of Moses.” 2d Book of Nephi 2d Chapter.
And again, Jesus says, as recorded in the Book of Mormon, 526 page, 2d Edition. “Behold my servant shall deal very prudently; he shall be exalted, and shall be esteemed, and be very high. As many as were astonished at thee; so shall he sprinkle [p. 810]
“And I saw an other angel flying in the midst of heaven, having  <July  Patten

14 Nov. 1799–25 Oct. 1838. Farmer. Born in Vermont. Son of Benoni Patten and Edith Cole. Moved to Theresa, Oneida Co., New York, as a young child. Moved to Dundee, Monroe Co., Michigan Territory, as a youth. Married Phoebe Ann Babcock, 1828, in Dundee. Affiliated...

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’s Epistle  continued.> the everlasting gospel to preach to them that dwell on the earth.  And to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, saying with a  loud voice, fear God and give glory to him for the hour of his judgment  is come: worship him that made heaven, and Earth, and the Sea, and  the fountains of waters.
Now observe, this angel delivers the everlasting  Gospel to man on earth, and that too when the hour of the  judgments of God had come on the generation, in the which, the Lord  should set his hand the second time, as Stated above.
Now  we have learned that this deliverer must be clothed with the power  of all the other dispensations, or it could not be called the fulness  of times: For this is what it means, that all things shall be revealed,  both in heaven and on earth; For the Lord said, there was nothing  secret that should not be revealed, or hid that should not come  abroad, and be proclaimed upon the house top; and this may  with propriety be called the fulness of times.
The au thority connected with the ordinances, renders the time very desirable  to the man of God, and renders him happy, amidst all his trials,  and afflictions. To such an one through the grace of God, we are  indebted for this dispensation, as given by the angel of the Lord. But  to what tribe of Israel was it to be delivered? We answer to Ephraim,  because to him were the greater blessings given. For the Lord said to  his father Joseph: “A seer shall the Lord raise up of the fruit of my  loins, and he shall be a choice seer unto the fruit of my loins;  Yea, he truly said; Thus saith the Lord, a choice seer will I raise  up, out of the fruit of thy loins, and he shall be esteemed highly; and  unto him will I give commandment, that he shall do a work for the  fruit of thy loins, his brethren, which shall be of great worth unto  them, even to the bringing of them to the knowledge of the covenants,  which I have made with their fathers. And I will give unto him  a commandment that he shall do none other work, save the  work which I shall command him; and I will make him  great in mine eyes, for he shall do my work, and he shall be  great like unto Moses; and out of weakness he shall be made  strong, in that day when my work shall commence among all  people, unto the restoring of the house of Israel, saith the Lord.”
And thus prophecied Joseph, saying,— “behold, that seer will the Lord  bless, and they that seek to destroy him shall be confounded. Behold  I am sure of the fulfilment of this promise, and his name shall  be called after me; and it shall be after the name of his father;  and he shall be like unto me, for the thing which the Lord shall  bring forth by his hand by the power of the Father, shall bring my  people unto salvation.”
Thus prophecied Joseph, “I am sure of this  thing, even as I am sure of the promise of Moses.” 2d Book of Nephi  2d Chapter.
And again, Jesus says, as recorded in the Book of  Mormon, 526 page, 2d Edition. “Behold my servant shall deal very  prudently; he shall be exalted, and shall be esteemed, and be very  high. As many as were astonished at thee; so shall he sprinkle [p. 810]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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