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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

August round him as he lay in his waggon, and all his conversation was in rhyme— Elder [Jonathan H.] Hale stepped into the Waggon to lift him up, when he jumped forward at Elders Snow and Carter crying yow, yow, yow, gnashing his teeth and chomping most horribly— They laid hands on him and rebuked the foul Spirit in the name of Jesus, when he called for drink and laid quietly down but soon recommenced his poetry— Elder Duncan Mc Arthur laid hands upon him and began to rebuke the Spirit at the same instant he groaned, yelled, and screamed out as it were all in one whistling sound, and he began again to talk like a man, as soon as Elder Mc.Arthur was done, lay down and went to sleep and remained well—

16–20 August 1838 • Thursday–Monday

Nothing peculiar transpired at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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from the Sixteenth to this day when the Inhabitants of the different parts of the County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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met to organize themselves into agricultural Agricultural Companies Companies, I was present and took part in their deliberation, one Company was formed called “the Western Agricultural Company”, who voted to enclose one field for grain containing twelve sections, which contain seven thousand six hundred and Eighty Acres of land— Another Company also was organized called “the Eastern Agricultural Company” the extent of the field not decided

21 August 1838 • Tuesday

21. Tuesday 21. Another Company was formed called “the Southern Agricultural Company” the field to be as large as the first mentioned—
Camp. There were two Births in the Camp.

22 August 1838 • Wednesday

22 Wednesday 22. I spent a part of the day in Councilling with several Brethren upon different subjects. The Brethren continue to gather to Zion daily— some time this month the Saints were warned by the Mob to leave DeWitt

Located on bluffs north of Missouri River, about six miles above mouth of Grand River. Permanently settled, by 1826. Laid out, 1836. First called Elderport; name changed to De Witt, 1837, when town acquired by speculators David Thomas and Henry Root, who ...

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Camp.

23 August 1838 • Thursday

23 Thursday 23. The brethren of the Camp made five rods of Turnpike in addition to their job, and the black Smiths were engaged in setting Waggon tires, horse shoes &c so as to be ready for travelling— They had erected a forge and burned pit Coal for their use at this place, Brother John Hammond and family were cut off from the Camp because he did not govern his family, and stand in his lot, as tent Master— The duty of a Tent-Master is to see that prayer is attended to in its season, to call all the inmates into the tent, and call the brethren by name who is to lead in prayer, for they pray in their turns or lot— And he is to watch over his tent for good and see that no iniquity exists, and if he discovers iniquity he must put it down in righteousness; but if he cannot, he must call for help, and if that will not do he must prefer a charge in writing against the offender or offenders, and report them to the Council; Also he must draw daily rations for his tent, Elders [Jonathan] Dunham

14 Jan. 1800–28 July 1845. Soldier, police captain. Born in Paris, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Jonathan Dunham. Married Mary Kendall. Moved to Rushford, Allegany Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, by 1836. Served mission...

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, Pettingill Carter and [Jonathan H.] Hale laid hands upon Sister Willey (who was very sick and troubled with the powers of darkness) and prayed for her and rebuked her disease, Elder Dunham

14 Jan. 1800–28 July 1845. Soldier, police captain. Born in Paris, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Jonathan Dunham. Married Mary Kendall. Moved to Rushford, Allegany Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, by 1836. Served mission...

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was immediately seized with terrible pain in his side, shoulders, neck &c and with difficulty succeeded in speaking to ask the Elders to lay hands on him in the name of Jesus, which they did and rebuked the devil and he left him, but soon returned and he again called the Elders to rebuke this evil Spirit, which they had to do sharply and it left him very sore, for when he had dominion over him he felt as though he must die—
This day I spent transacting a variety of business about the City

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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24–30 August 1838 • Friday–Thursday

24 Friday 24th. I was home, also on the 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. and 30.

24 August 1838 • Friday

Camp

25 August 1838 • Saturday

25 Brother Joseph Coon’s son died in the Camp. , which was reorganized because by transgression & leaving the first organization had been in some degree broken.

26 August 1838 • Sunday

26. Sunday 26. President Joseph Young

7 Apr. 1797–16 July 1881. Farmer, painter, glazier. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Moved to Auburn, Cayuga Co., New York, before 1830. Joined Methodist church, before Apr. 1832. Baptized into LDS...

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preached to the Camp in the morning and two were confirmed in the Church— There were many Spectators present. Sacrament in the evening— Two Strangers came to dispute, but went away confounded [p. 816]
<August> round him as he lay in his waggon, and all his conversation was in rhyme— Elder [Jonathan H.] Hale stepped into  the Waggon to lift him up, when he jumped forward at Elders Snow and Carter crying yow, yow, yow,  gnashing his teeth and chomping most horribly— They laid hands on him and rebuked the  foul Spirit in the name of Jesus, when he called for drink and laid quietly down but soon  recommenced his poetry— Elder Duncan Mc Arthur laid hands upon him and began to  rebuke the Spirit at the same instant he groaned, yelled, and screamed out as it were all in  one whistling sound, and he began again to talk like a man, as soon as Elder Mc.Arthur  was done, lay down and went to sleep and remained well—

16–20 August 1838 • Thursday–Monday

Nothing peculiar transpired at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
from the Sixteenth to this day when the  Inhabitants of the different parts of the County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
met to organize themselves into agricultural  <Agricultural Companies> Companies, I was present and took part in their deliberation, one Company was formed  called “the Western Agricultural Company”, who voted to enclose one field for grain  containing twelve sections, which contain seven thousand six hundred and Eighty Acres  of land— Another Company also was organized called “the Eastern Agricultural Company”  the extent of the field not decided

21 August 1838 • Tuesday

<21.> Tuesday 21. Another Company was formed called “the Southern Agricultural Company”  the field to be as large as the first mentioned—
<Camp.> There were two Births in the Camp.

22 August 1838 • Wednesday

<22> Wednesday 22. I spent a part of the day in Councilling with several Brethren  upon different subjects. The Brethren continue to gather to Zion daily— some time  this month the Saints were warned by the Mob to leave DeWit[t]

Located on bluffs north of Missouri River, about six miles above mouth of Grand River. Permanently settled, by 1826. Laid out, 1836. First called Elderport; name changed to De Witt, 1837, when town acquired by speculators David Thomas and Henry Root, who ...

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<Camp.> Brother Stoker left the Camp

23 August 1838 • Thursday

<23> Thursday 23. The brethren of the Camp made five rods of Turnpike in addition to their  job, and the <black> Smiths were engaged in setting Waggon tires, horse shoes &c so as to be  ready for travelling— They had erected a forge and burned pit Coal for their use at  this place, Brother John Hammond and family were cut off from the Camp because  he did not govern his family, and stand in his lot, as tent Master— The duty of a Tent- Master is to see that prayer is attended to in its season, to call all the inmates into the tent, and call  the brethren by name who is to lead in prayer, for they pray in their turns or lot— And he is to  watch over his tent for good and see that no iniquity exists, and if he discovers iniquity  he must put it down in righteousness; but if he cannot, he must call for help, and if  that will not do he must prefer a charge in writing against the offender or offenders, and  repeat report them to the Council; Also he must draw daily rations for his tent, Elders [Jonathan] Dunham

14 Jan. 1800–28 July 1845. Soldier, police captain. Born in Paris, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Jonathan Dunham. Married Mary Kendall. Moved to Rushford, Allegany Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, by 1836. Served mission...

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,  Pettingill Carter and [Jonathan H.] Hale laid hands upon Sister Willey (who was very sick and  troubled with the powers of darkness) and prayed for her and rebuked her disease,  Elder Dunham

14 Jan. 1800–28 July 1845. Soldier, police captain. Born in Paris, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Jonathan Dunham. Married Mary Kendall. Moved to Rushford, Allegany Co., New York, by 1830. Baptized into LDS church and ordained an elder, by 1836. Served mission...

View Full Bio
was immediately seized with terrible pain in his side, shoulders, neck  &c and with difficulty succeeded in speaking to ask the Elders to lay hands on  him in the name of Jesus, which they did and rebuked the devil and he left him,  but soon returned and he again called the Elders to rebuke this evil Spirit, which  they had to do sharply and it left him very sore, for when he had dominion over  him he felt as though he must die—
This day I spent transacting a variety of business about the City

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info

24–30 August 1838 • Friday–Thursday

<24> Friday 24th. I was home, also on the 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. and 30.

24 August 1838 • Friday

<Camp> The camp made five rods of Turnpike—

25 August 1838 • Saturday

<25> Brother Joseph Coon’s son died in the Camp. Made seven rods of turnpike, and re-organized the Camp, <which> was  <reorganized> because by transgression <& leaving> the first organization had been in some degree broken.

26 August 1838 • Sunday

<26.> Sunday 26. President Joseph Young

7 Apr. 1797–16 July 1881. Farmer, painter, glazier. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Moved to Auburn, Cayuga Co., New York, before 1830. Joined Methodist church, before Apr. 1832. Baptized into LDS...

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preached <to the Camp> in the morning and two were confirmed in the Church—  There were many Spectators present. Sacrament in the evening— Two Strangers came to dispute, but went  away confounded [p. 816]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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