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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

31 August 1838 • Friday

August 31. Friday 31st. Camp passed through Richmond, and over white Water River and through Centreville, Jackson Township, to Germantown and encamped in a stubble field, near the Town, bought corn standing in the field, for their horses at ten dollars per acre, travelled Eighteen Miles.
John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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I spent a considerable time this day in conversation with brother John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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, in consequence of some expressions made by him in presence of several brethren who had not been long in the place, Brother Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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’s conduct for some time had been very unbecoming, especially in a Man in whom so much confidence had been placed. He said he would not yield his judgment to any thing proposed by the Church, or any individuals of the Church, or even the voice of the great I AM, given through the appointed organ, as revelation, but will always act upon his own judgment, Let him believe in whatever religion he may. He stated that he “would always say what he pleased for he is a Republican, and as such he will do, say, “act and believe what he pleases”— Mark such Republicanism as this: a man to oppose his own judgment to the judgment of God, and at the same time to profess to believe in the same God, when that God has said the Wisdom of God is foolishness with men, and the wisdom or judgment of Men is foolishness with God. President Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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also made some observation to brother Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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which he afterwards acknowledged were correct, and that he understood things different after the interview from what he did before.

1 September 1838 • Saturday

September 1 City of Zion appointed Saturday September 1. 1838— The First Presidency with Judge Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

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(as Surveyor) started this morning for the halfway house

Residence owned by Latter-day Saint Waldo Littlefield. Located on Dog Creek about halfway between Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman. Described as one-room log building, about twenty feet square.

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(as it is called) kept by Brother Waldo Littlefield, some fourteen or fifteen miles from Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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directly north, For the purpose of appointing a City of Zion, for the gathering of the Saints in that place, for safety and from the Storm, which will soon come upon this generation, and that the brethren may be together and that they may receive instruction to prepare them for that great day which will come upon this generation as a thief in the night.
There is great excitement at present among the Missourians seeking if possible an occasion against us, they are continually chafing us, and provoking us to anger if possible, one sign of threatning after another. but we do not fear them For the Lord God the Eternal Father is our God and Jesus the Mediator is our Savior, and in the great I AM is our strength and confidence, we have been driven time after time, and that without cause, and smitten again and again, and that without provocation, until we have proved the world with kindness, and the world proved us that we have no designs against any man or set of men— That we injure no man. That we are peacible with all men, minding our own business, and our business only, we have suffered our rights and our liberties to be taken from us, we have not avenged ourselves of those wrongs, we have appealed to Magistrates, to Sheriffs, to Judges, to Government and to the President of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, all in vain, yet we have yielded peacibly to all these things, we have not complained at the Great God, we murmured not, but peacibly left all, and retired into the back country in the broad and wild Prairie, in the barren and desolate plains, and there commenced anew, we made the desolate places to bud and blossom as the rose, and now the fiend like race are disposed to give us no rest, Their Father (the Devil) is hourly calling upon them to be up and doing, and they like willing and obedient Children need not the second admonition, But in the name of Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God we will endure it no longer, if the Great God will arm us with courage, with strength and with power, to resist them in their persecutions. We will not act on the offensive, but always on the defensive, our rights and our liberties shall not be taken from us, and we peacibly submit to it, as we have done heretofore, but we will avenge ourselves of our enemies, inasmuch as they will not let us alone, But to return again to our subject— We found the place for the City, and the brethren were instructed to gather immediately into it, and soon they should be organized according to the Laws of God— A more particular history of this City may be expected hereafter, perhaps at its organization and dedication, We found a new route home, saving I should think three or four miles, we arrived at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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about the close of day light. [p. 818]

31 August 1838 • Friday

<August 31.> Friday 31st. Camp passed through Richmond, and over white Water River and through Centreville,  Jackson Township, to Germantown and encamped in a stubble field, near the Town, bought  corn standing in the field, for their horses at ten dollars per acre, This day travelled Eighteen Miles.
<John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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> I spent a considerable time this day in conversation with brother John Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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, in consequence  of some expressions made by him in presence of several brethren who had not been long in the  place, Brother Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

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’s conduct for some time had been very unbecoming, especially in a Man  in whom so much confidence had been placed. He said he would not yield his  judgment to any thing proposed by the Church, or any individuals of the Church, or even  the voice of the great I AM, given through the appointed organ, as revelation, but will always  act upon his own judgment, Let him believe in whatever religion he may. He stated that  he “would always say what he pleased for he is a Republican, and as such he will do, say,  “act and believe what he pleases”— Mark such Republicanism as this: a man to oppose  his own judgment to the judgment of God, and at the same time to profess to believe in  the same God, when that God has said the Wisdom of God is foolishness with men, and  the wisdom or judgment of Men is foolishness with God. President [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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also made  some observation to brother Corrill

17 Sept. 1794–26 Sept. 1842. Surveyor, politician, author. Born at Worcester Co., Massachusetts. Married Margaret Lyndiff, ca. 1830. Lived at Harpersfield, Ashtabula Co., Ohio, 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 10 Jan. 1831, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Ordained...

View Full Bio
which he afterwards acknowledged were correct, and that  he understood things different after the interview from what he did before.

1 September 1838 • Saturday

<September 1  City of Zion appointed> Saturday September 1. 1838— The First Presidency with Judge [Elias] Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
(as Surveyor) started this  morning for the halfway house

Residence owned by Latter-day Saint Waldo Littlefield. Located on Dog Creek about halfway between Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman. Described as one-room log building, about twenty feet square.

More Info
(as it is called) kept by Brother [Waldo] Littlefield, some fourteen or fifteen  miles from Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
directly north, For the purpose of appointing a City of Zion, for the  gathering of the Saints in that place, for safety and from the Storm, which will soon come upon  this generation, and that the brethren may be together and that they may receive instruction  to prepare them for that great day which will come upon this generation as a thief in the night.
There is great excitement at present among the Missourians seeking if possible an occasion  against us, they are continually chafing us, and provoking us to anger if possible, one sign of  threatning after another. but we do not fear them For the Lord God the Eternal Father is our  God and Jesus the Mediator is our Savior, and in the great I AM is our strength and  confidence, we have been driven time after time, and that without cause, and smitten again  and again, and that without provocation, until we have proved the world with kindness, and  the world proved us that we have no designs against any man or set of men— That we  injure no man. That we are peacible with all men, minding our own business, and  our business only, we have suffered our rights and our liberties to be taken from us, we have  not avenged ourselves of those wrongs, we have appealed to Magistrates, to Sheriffs, to Judges,  to Government and to the President of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, all in vain, yet we have yielded  peacibly to all these things, we have not complained at the Great God, we murmured not, but  peacibly left all, and retired into the back country in the broad and wild Prairie, in the barren  and desolate plains, and there commenced anew, we made the desolate places to bud and blossom  as the rose, and now the fiend like race are disposed to give us no rest, Their Father (the Devil)  is hourly calling upon them to be up and doing, and they like willing and obedient Children  need not the second admonition, But in the name of Jesus Christ, the Son of the living God  we will endure it no longer, if the Great God will arm us with courage, with strength and with  power, to resist them in their persecutions. We will not act on the offensive, but always on the  defensive, our rights and our liberties shall not be taken from us, and we peacibly submit to it,  as we have done heretofore, but we will avenge ourselves of our enemies, inasmuch as they will  not let us alone, But to return again to our subject— We found the place for the City, and the  brethren were instructed to gather immediately into it, and soon they should be organized  according to the Laws of God— A more particular history of this City may be expected hereafter,  perhaps at its organization and dedication, We found a new route home, saving I should think  three or four miles, we arrived at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
about the close of day light. [p. 818]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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