43990549

History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

September 15 on the morning of the 12th., I took the command in person, and marched to the line of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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at which point, I ordered the Colonels to march the Regiments to the timber on Crooked River

Located in northwest Missouri. Rises in Clinton Co. and flows about sixty miles southeast through Caldwell and Ray counties; drains into Missouri River. Saints settled mainly on northwestern and southeastern sections of river, by 1835; main settlement also...

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. I then started for Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, the County Seat of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
, accompanied by my aid alone. On arriving at that place I found John Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, Allen Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
, and William McHaney, the prisoners mentioned in your order. I demanded of the Guard, who had them in confinement, to deliver them over to me, which was promptly done. I also found, that the guns that had been captured by the Sheriff and Citizens of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
, had been distributed and placed in the hands of the soldiery and scattered over the country; I ordered them to be immediately collected and delivered up to me. I then sent an express to Col. Dunn to march the Regiment by daylight, for that place, where he arrived about 7 o clock A.M. making forty miles since 10 o clock A.M. on the previous day. When my command arrived, the guns were delivered up, amounting to forty two stand three stand could not be produced, as they had probably gone to Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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. I sent these guns under a guard, to your command in Ray County

Located in northwestern Missouri. Area settled, 1815. Created from Howard Co., 1820. Initially included all state land north of Missouri River and west of Grand River. Population in 1830 about 2,700; in 1836 about 6,600; and in 1840 about 6,600. Latter-day...

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, together with the prisoner Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, the other two being citizens of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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. I retained and brought with me to this County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

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, and released them on parol of honor, as I conceived their detention illegal. At 8 o clock A.M. I took up the line of March, and proceeded through Mill Port, in Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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, thirty seven miles from our former encampment, and arrived at the Camp of the Citizens of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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and other adjoining Counties— they amounted to between two and three hundred, as their commander, Dr. Austin of Carroll informed me. Your order, requiring them to disperse, which had been forwarded in advance of my command, by your aid, James M. Hughes, was read to them, and they were required to disperse; they professed that their object for arming and collecting was solely for defence, but they were marching and counter marching guards out, and myself and others who approached the camp were taken to task, and required to wait the approach of the Sergeant of the Guard. I had an interview with Dr. Austin, and his professions were all pacific, but they still continue in arms, marching and counter marching. I then proceeded with your aid, J. M, Hughes, and my aid, Benj. Holliday, to the Mormon encampment, commanded by Col. Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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; we held a conference with him, and he professed entire willingness to disband and surrender up to me every one of the Mormons accused of crime, and required in return, that the hostile forces, collected by the other Citizens of the County, should also disband. At the Camp commanded by Dr. Austin, I demanded the Prisoner, demanded in your Order, who had been released on the evening after my arrival in their vicinity. I took up line of March, and— encamped in the direct road between the two hostile encampments, where I have remained since, within about two and a half miles of Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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s encampment, and some times the other Camp is nearer, and sometimes further from me. I intend to occupy this position until your arrival, as I deem it best to preserve peace, and prevent an engagement between the parties, and if kept so for a few days, they will doubtless disband without coercion”. I have the honor to be, yours with respect, Alexander W. Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

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Brig. Gen. 1st. Brig 3rd. Div, Mo

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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. Mi.”
By this it is clearly seen that the Officers and Troops acting under the Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

View Full Bio
s Orders, had very little regard for the laws of the Land, otherwise Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
and McHaney would not have been discharged by them. I was at and about home this day attending to my business as usual—

15–16 September 1838 • Saturday–Sunday

Camp The Camp travelled twelve miles before breakfast, and pitched tents near Elder Keelers— there was some contention among them, and brother Pierces child died this afternoon and was buried in 16 the Camp Ground Sunday 16th. and held meeting in the afternoon had preaching and breaking of bread—
I was at home all day with my family—

17 September 1838 • Monday

17. Monday 17 I was councilling with the brethren at home and about the City— [p. 825]
<September 15> on the morning of the 12th., I took the command in person, and marched to the line of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
 at which point, I ordered the Colonels to march the Regiments to the timber on Crooked River

Located in northwest Missouri. Rises in Clinton Co. and flows about sixty miles southeast through Caldwell and Ray counties; drains into Missouri River. Saints settled mainly on northwestern and southeastern sections of river, by 1835; main settlement also...

More Info
.  I then started for Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
, the County Seat of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
, accompanied by my aid alone. On  arriving at that place I found [John] Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, [Allen] Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
, and [William] McHaney, the prisoners mentioned in your  order. I demanded of the Guard, who had them in confinement, to deliver them over to me,  which was promptly done. I also found, that the guns that had been captured by the Sheriff  and Citizens of Caldwell

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
, had been distributed and placed in the hands of the soldiery  and scattered over the country; I ordered them to be immediately collected and delivered  up to me. I then sent an express to Col. Dunn to march the Regiment by daylight, for  that place, where he arrived about 7 o clock A.M. making forty miles since 10 o clock A.M.  on the previous day. When my command arrived, the guns were delivered up, amounting  to forty two stand three stand could not be produced, as they had probably gone to Daviess  County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
. I sent these guns under a guard, to your command in Ray County

Located in northwestern Missouri. Area settled, 1815. Created from Howard Co., 1820. Initially included all state land north of Missouri River and west of Grand River. Population in 1830 about 2,700; in 1836 about 6,600; and in 1840 about 6,600. Latter-day...

More Info
, together  with the prisoner Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, the other two being citizens of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
. I retained and brought  with me to this County

Located in northwest Missouri. Settled by whites, by 1831. Described as being “one-third timber and two-thirds prairie” in 1836. Created specifically for Latter-day Saints by Missouri state legislature, 29 Dec. 1836, in attempt to solve “Mormon problem.” ...

More Info
, and released them on parol of honor, as I conceived their  detention illegal. At 8 o clock A.M. I took up the line of March, and proceeded through  Mill Port, in Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
, thirty seven miles from our former encampment, and  arrived at the Camp of the Citizens of Daviess

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
and other adjoining Counties—  they amounted to between two and three hundred, as their commander, Dr. Austin  of Carroll informed me. Your order, requiring them to disperse, which had been  forwarded in advance of my command, by your aid, James M. Hughes, was read  to them, and they were required to disperse; they professed that their object for arming  and collecting was solely for defence, but they were marching and counter marching  guards out, and myself and others who approached the camp were taken to task,  and required to wait the approach of the Sergeant of the Guard. I had an  interview with Dr. Austin, and his professions were all pacific, but they still continue  in arms, marching and counter marching. I then proceeded with your aid, J. M,  Hughes, and my aid, Benj. Holliday, to the Mormon encampment, commanded by  Col. Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
; we held a conference with him, and he professed entire willingness to disband  and surrender up to me every one of the Mormons accused of crime, and required in return,  that the hostile forces, collected by the other Citizens of the County, should also disband. At the Camp  commanded by Dr. Austin, I demanded the Prisoner, demanded in your Order, who had been  released on the evening after my arrival in their vicinity. I took up line of March, and—  encamped in the direct road between the two hostile encampments, where I have remained  since, within about two and a half miles of Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
s encampment, and some times the other  Camp is nearer, and sometimes further from me. I intend to occupy this position until  your arrival, as I deem it best to preserve peace, and prevent an engagement between the  parties, and if kept so for a few days, they will doubtless disband without coercion”. I have  the honor to be, yours with respect, A[lexander] W. Doniphan

9 July 1808–8 Aug. 1887. Lawyer, military general, insurance/bank executive. Born near Maysville, Mason Co., Kentucky. Son of Joseph Doniphan and Ann Smith. Father died, 1813; sent to live with older brother George, 1815, in Augusta, Bracken Co., Kentucky...

View Full Bio
Brig. Gen. 1st. Brig 3rd. Div, Mo

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
. Mi.”
By this it is clearly seen that the Officers and Troops acting under the Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

View Full Bio
s Orders,  had very little regard for the laws of the Land, otherwise Comer

1814–after 19 Nov. 1867. Farmer, carpenter. Born in Ohio. Son of John Comer and Mary Baker. Lived in Daviess Co., Missouri, by 1837. With two others, attempted to illegally transport state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm mob in Daviess Co...

View Full Bio
, Miller

?–? Lived at Daviess Co., Missouri, 1838. Apprehended at Caldwell Co., Missouri, for illegally transporting state firearms from Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, to arm vigilantes in Daviess Co. for use against Mormons, 1838. Arraigned before Justice Albert Petty...

View Full Bio
and McHaney  would not have been discharged by them. I was at and about home this day attending  to my business as usual—

15–16 September 1838 • Saturday–Sunday

<Camp> The Camp travelled twelve miles before breakfast, and pitched tents near Elder Keelers— there  was some contention among them, and brother Pierces child <died> this afternoon and was buried in  <16> the Camp Ground Sunday 16th. and held meeting in the afternoon had preaching and  breaking of bread—
I was at home all day with my family—

17 September 1838 • Monday

<17.> Monday 17 I was councilling with the brethren at home and about the City— [p. 825]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

Facts