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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

will I send forth out of the earth, to bear testimony of mine only Begotten, October 2 his resurrection from the dead -[this resurrection I understand to be the corporeal body]- yea, and also the resurrection of all men. Righteousness and truth will I cause to sweep the earth as with a flood, to gather out mine own elect from the four quarters of the earth, unto a place which I shall prepare; a holy City, that my people may gird up their loins, and be looking forth for the time of my coming: for there shall be my tabernacle; and it shall be called Zion, a New Jerusalem.” Now I understand by this quotation, that God clearly manifested to Enoch, the redemption which he prepared, by offering the Messiah as a lamb slain from before the foundation of the world; by virtue of the same, the glorious resurrection of the Savior, and the resurrection of all the human family,— even a resurrection of their corporeal bodies: and also a righteousness and truth to sweep the Earth as with a flood. And now I ask how righteousness and truth are a going to sweep the earth as with a flood? I will answer: Men and angels are to be co-workers in bringing to pass this great work: and Zion is to be prepared; even a New Jerusalem, for the elect that are to be gathered from the four quarters of the earth, and to be established an holy City; for the tabernacle of the Lord shall be with them.
Now Enoch was in Good Company in his views upon this subject. Rev 21:3. See Revelations 21:3. “And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them and be their God.” I discover by this quotation that John upon the isle of Patmos, saw the same things concerning the last days, which Enoch saw. But before the tabernacle can be with men, the elect must be gathered from the four quarters of the earth. And to shew further upon this subject of the gathiring Moses, blessing and cursing. Deut 30:1. &c Moses, after having pronounced the blessing and the cursing upon the children of Israel, for their obedience or disobedience, says thus: “and it shall come to pass, when all these things are come upon thee, the blessing and the curse which I have set before thee; and thou shalt call them to mind, among all the nations whither the Lord thy God hath driven thee, and thou shalt return unto the Lord thy God, and shalt obey his voice, according to all that I command thee, this day, thou and thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, that then the Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from all the nations whither the Lord thy God hath scattered thee; and if any of thine be driven out unto the utmost parts of heaven; from thence will the Lord thy God gather thee; and from thence will he fetch thee.”
It has been said by many of the learned, and wise men, or historians, that the Indians, or aboriginees of this continent, Conjecture are of the scattered tribes of Israel. It has been conjectured by [p. 623]
will I send forth out of the earth, to bear testimony of mine only Begotten,  <October 2> his resurrection from the dead -[this resurrection I understand to be the cor poreal body]- yea, and also the resurrection of all men. Righteousness  and truth will I cause to sweep the earth as with a flood, to gather  out mine own elect from the four quarters of the earth, unto a place  which I shall prepare; a holy City, that my people may gird up  their loins, and be looking forth for the time of my coming: for  there shall be my tabernacle; and it shall be called Zion, a New  Jerusalem.” Now I understand by this quotation, that God clearly  manifested to Enoch, the redemption which he prepared, by offering  the Messiah as a lamb slain from before the foundation of the  world; by virtue of the same, the glorious resurrection of the Savior,  and the resurrection of all the human family,— even a resurrection  of their corporeal bodies: and also a righteousness and truth to  sweep the Earth as with a flood. And now I ask how righteous ness and truth are <a> going to sweep the earth as with a flood? I will  answer: Men and angels are to be co-workers in bringing to pass  this great work: and Zion is to be prepared; even a New Jerusalem,  for the elect that are to be gathered from the four quarters of the earth,  and to be established an holy City; for the tabernacle of the Lord  shall be with them.
Now Enoch was in Good Company in his views upon this subject.  <Rev 21:3.> See Revelations 21:3. “And I heard a great voice out of heaven  saying, Behold the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will  dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself  shall be with them and be their God.” I discover by this quotation  that John upon the isle of Patmos, saw the same things concerning  the last days, which Enoch saw. But before the tabernacle can be  with men, the elect must be gathered from the four quarters of the  earth. And to shew further upon this subject of the gathiring  <Moses, blessing  and cursing.  Deut 30:1. &c> Moses, after having pronounced the blessing and the cursing  upon the children of Israel, for their obedience or disobedience,  says thus: “and it shall come to pass, when all these things are  come upon thee, the blessing and the curse which I have set  before thee; and thou shalt call them to mind, among all the  nations whither the Lord thy God hath driven thee, and thou  shalt return unto the Lord thy God, and shalt obey his voice,  according to all that I command thee, this day, thou and  thy children, with all thine heart, and with all thy soul,  that then the Lord thy God will turn thy captivity, and have  compassion upon thee, and will return and gather thee from  all the nations whither the Lord thy God hath scattered thee;  and if any of thine be driven out unto the utmost parts of  heaven; from thence will the Lord thy God gather thee; and  from thence will he fetch thee.”
It has been said by many of the learned, and wise men,  or historians, that the Indians, or aboriginees of this continent,  <Conjecture> are of the scattered tribes of Israel. It has been conjectured by [p. 623]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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