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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

lands to be their own, how sweet it is to think, that they may one January 6. day be gathered by the gospel. Our venerable President of these United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, (Andrew Jackson,) speaks of the Indians as follows;
The Indians, President’s observations. “The plan of removing the Aboriginal People, who yet remain within the settled portions of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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, to the country west of the Mississippi River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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, approaches its consummation. It was adopted on the most mature consideration of the condition of this race, and ought to be persisted in till the object is accomplished and prosecuted with as much vigor as a just regard to their circumstances will permit, and as fast as their consent can be obtained. All preceeding experiments for the improvement of the Indians have failed. It seems now to be an established fact, that they cannot live in contact with a civilized community and prosper. Ages of fruitless endeavors have, at length, brought us to a knowledge of this principle of intercommunication with them. The past we cannot recall, but the future we can provide for. Independently of the treaty stipulations into which we have entered with the various tribes, for the usufructuary rights they have ceded to us, no one can doubt the moral duty of the government of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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to protect, and if possible, to preserve, and perpetuate, the scattered remnants of this race, which are left within our borders. In the discharge of this duty, an extensive region in the West has been assigned for their permanent residence It has been divided into districts, and allotted among them. Many have already removed, and others are preparing to go; and with the exceptions of two small bands living in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

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and Indiana, not exceeding fifteen hundred persons, and of the Cherokees, all the tribes on the east side of the mississippi

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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, and extending from Lake Michigan to Florida, have entered into engagements which will lead to their transplantation.
The plan for their removal and re-establishment is founded upon the knowledge we have gained of their character and habits and has been dictated by a spirit of enlarged liberality. A territory exceeding in extent that relinquished, has been granted to each tribe. Of its climate, fertility, and capacity to support an Indian population, the representations are highly favorable. To these districts the Indians are removed, at the expence of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
; and, with certain supplies of clothing, arms, ammunition, and other indispensable articles; they are also furnished gratuitously with provision for the period of a year after their arrival at their new homes In that time, from the nature of the country, and of the products raised by them, they can subsist themselves by agricultural labor, if they choose to resort to that mode of life; If they do not they are on the skirts of the great prairies, where countless herds of Buffalo roam, and a [p. 681]
lands to be their own, how sweet it is to think, that they may one  <January 6.> day be gathered by the gospel. Our venerable President of these  United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
, (Andrew Jackson,) speaks of the Indians as follows;
<The Indians,  President’s  observations.> “The plan of removing the Aboriginal People, who yet remain with in the settled portions of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
, to the country west  of the Mississippi River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
, approaches its consummation. It was  adopted on the most mature consideration of the condition of  this race, and ought to be persisted in till the object is ac complished and prosecuted with as much rigor vigor as a just regard  to their circumstances will permit, and as fast as their con sent can be obtained. All preceeding experiments for the im provement of the Indians have failed. It seems now to be in an  established fact, that they cannot live in contact with a civil ized community and prosper. Ages of fruitless endeavors have,  at length, brought us to a knowledge of this principle of inter communication with them. The past we cannot recall, but  the future we can provide for. Independently of the treaty stip ulations into which we have entered with the various tribes,  for the usufructuary rights they have ceded to us, no one  can doubt the moral duty of the government of the United  States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
to protect, and if possible, to preserve, and perpetuate,  the scattered remnants of this race, which are left within our  borders. In the discharge of this duty, an extensive region  in the West has been assigned for their permanent residence  It has been divided into districts, and allotted among  them. Many have already removed, and others are pre paring to go; and with the exceptions of two small bands  living in Ohio

French explored area, 1669. British took possession following French and Indian War, 1763. Ceded to U.S., 1783. First permanent white settlement established, 1788. Northeastern portion maintained as part of Connecticut, 1786, and called Connecticut Western...

More Info
and Indiana, not exceeding fifteen hun dred persons, and of the Cherokees, all the tribes on the  east side of the mississippi

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
, and extending from Lake  Michigan to Florida, have entered into engagements  which will lead to their transplantation.
The plan for their removal and re-establishment is founded  upon the knowledge we have gained of their character and habits  and has been dictated by a spirit of enlarged liberality. A  territory exceeding in extent that relinquished, has been gran ted to each tribe. Of its climate, fertility, and capacity to sup port an Indian population, the representations are highly  favorable. To these districts the Indians are removed, at  the expence of the United States

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

More Info
; and, with certain supplies  of clothing, arms, ammunition, and other indispensable  articles; they are also furnished gratuitously with provision  for the period of a year after their arrival at their new homes  In that time, from the nature of the country, and of the  products raised by them, they can subsist themselves by  agr[i]cultural labor, if they choose to resort to that mode  of life; If they do not they are on the skirts of the great  prairies, where countless herds of Buffalo roam, and a [p. 681]
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JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. B-1, created 1 Oct. 1843–24 Feb. 1845; handwriting of Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock; 297 pages, plus 10 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the second volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This second volume covers the period from 1 September 1834 to 2 November 1838; the subsequent four volumes, labeled C-1 through F-1, continue through 8 August 1844.

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