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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

Elder Boynton

20 Sept. 1811–20 Oct. 1890. Merchant, lecturer, scientist, inventor. Born at East Bradford (later Groveland), Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Eliphalet Boynton and Susanna Nichols. Baptized into LDS church by JS, Sept. 1832, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio...

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and Lady

20 Aug. 1816–7 Aug. 1859. Born at Buxton, Cumberland Co., Maine. Daughter of Samuel Lowell and Sarah Hayes. Baptized into LDS church, 6 Oct. 1833, at Buxton. Married to John F. Boynton by JS, 20 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Syracuse,...

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, with their attendants, came in and were January 20. seated in front of the Presidency. A hymn was sung, after which I addressed a throne of grace. I then arose and read aloud a licence (according to the law of the land) granting any minister of the gospel the privilege of solemnizing the rights of Matrimony and after calling for objection, if any there were against the anticipated alliance between elder Boynton

20 Sept. 1811–20 Oct. 1890. Merchant, lecturer, scientist, inventor. Born at East Bradford (later Groveland), Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Eliphalet Boynton and Susanna Nichols. Baptized into LDS church by JS, Sept. 1832, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio...

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and Miss Lowell

20 Aug. 1816–7 Aug. 1859. Born at Buxton, Cumberland Co., Maine. Daughter of Samuel Lowell and Sarah Hayes. Baptized into LDS church, 6 Oct. 1833, at Buxton. Married to John F. Boynton by JS, 20 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Syracuse,...

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and waiting sufficient time, I observed that all forever after this must hold their peace. I then invited them to join hands, and I pronounced the ceremony according to the rules and regulations of the church of the Latter Day Saints in the name of God, and in the name of Jesus Christ I pronounced upon them the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and such other blessings as the Lord put into my heart, and being much under the influence of a cold I then gave way and President Sidney Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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arose and delivered a very forcible address suited to the occasion, and closed the services of the evening by prayer. Elders O. Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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and W. Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, then presented the presidency with three servers of Glasses filled with wine, to bless, and it fell to my lot to attend to this duty, which I cheerfully discharged. It was then passed round in order: then the cake in the same order, and suffice it to say our hearts were made glad while partaking of the bounty of earth which was presented, until we had taken our fill; and joy filled every bosom, and the countenances of old and young, seemed to bloom alike with cheerfulness and smiles of youth, and an entire unison of feeling seemed to pervade the congregation, and indeed I doubt whether the pages of history can boast of a more splendid and innocent wedding and feast than this, for it was conducted after the order of heaven, who has a time for all things, and this being a time of rejoicing we heartily embraced it, and conducted ourselves accordingly. Took leave of the company and returned home.

21 January 1836 • Thursday

21. John W. Olived Thursday 21st. This morning a Minister from Connecticut, by the name of John W. Olived called at my house and enquired of my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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if “the prophet lives here.” He replied he did not understand him. Mr Olived asked the same question again and again, and received the same answer. He finally asked “does Mr Smith live here? Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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replied O, Yes Sir. I understand you now. Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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then stepped into my room and informed me that a gentleman had called to see me. I went into the room where he was, and the first question he asked me, after passing a compliment, was “How many members have you in your church?” I replied that we had between fifteen hundred and two thousand in this branch. He then asked, “Wherein do you differ from other christian denominations?” I replied, we beleive the bible and they do not: however he affirmed that he believed the Bible. I told him then to be baptized. He replied that he did not realize it [p. 694]
Elder Boynton

20 Sept. 1811–20 Oct. 1890. Merchant, lecturer, scientist, inventor. Born at East Bradford (later Groveland), Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Eliphalet Boynton and Susanna Nichols. Baptized into LDS church by JS, Sept. 1832, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio...

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and Lady

20 Aug. 1816–7 Aug. 1859. Born at Buxton, Cumberland Co., Maine. Daughter of Samuel Lowell and Sarah Hayes. Baptized into LDS church, 6 Oct. 1833, at Buxton. Married to John F. Boynton by JS, 20 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Syracuse,...

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, with their attendants, came in and were  <January 20.> seated in front of the Presidency. A hymn was sung, after which  I addressed a throne of grace. I then arose and read aloud a  licence (according to the law of the land) granting any minister  of the gospel the privilege of solemnizing the rights of Matrimony  and after calling for objection, if any there were against the  anticipated alliance between elder Boynton

20 Sept. 1811–20 Oct. 1890. Merchant, lecturer, scientist, inventor. Born at East Bradford (later Groveland), Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Eliphalet Boynton and Susanna Nichols. Baptized into LDS church by JS, Sept. 1832, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio...

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and Miss Lowell

20 Aug. 1816–7 Aug. 1859. Born at Buxton, Cumberland Co., Maine. Daughter of Samuel Lowell and Sarah Hayes. Baptized into LDS church, 6 Oct. 1833, at Buxton. Married to John F. Boynton by JS, 20 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Syracuse,...

View Full Bio
and  waiting sufficient time, I observed that all forever after this must  hold their peace. I then invited them to join hands, and  I pronounced the ceremony according to the rules and regula tions of the church of the Latter Day Saints in the name of God,  and in the name of Jesus Christ I pronounced upon them  the blessings of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and such other  blessings as the Lord put into my heart, and being much  under the influence of a cold I then gave way and President  [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

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arose and delivered a very forcible address suited  to the occasion, and closed the services of the evening by  prayer. Elders O. Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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, Luke Johnson

3 Nov. 1807–8 Dec. 1861. Farmer, teacher, doctor. Born at Pomfret, Windsor Co., Vermont. Son of John Johnson and Alice (Elsa) Jacobs. Lived at Hiram, Portage Co., Ohio, when baptized into LDS church by JS, 10 May 1831. Ordained a priest by Christian Whitmer...

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and W. Parrish

10 Jan. 1803–3 Jan. 1877. Clergyman, gardener. Born in New York. Son of John Parrish and Ruth Farr. Married first Elizabeth (Betsey) Patten of Westmoreland Co., New Hampshire, ca. 1822. Lived at Alexandria, Jefferson Co., New York, 1830. Purchased land at...

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, then  presented the presidency with three servers of of Glasses filled  with wine, to bless, and it fell to my lot to attend to this duty,  which I cheerfully discharged. It was then passed round  in order: then the cake in the same order, and suffice it  to say our hearts were made glad while partaking of the  bounty of earth which was presented, until we had taken  our fill; and joy filled every bosom, and the countenances  of old and young, seemed to bloom alike with cheerfulness and  smiles of youth, and an entire unison of feeling seemed to  pervade the congregation, and indeed I doubt whether the  pages of history can boast of a more splendid and innocent  wedding and feast than this, for it was conducted after the  order of heaven, who has a time for all things, and this being  a time of rejoicing we heartily embraced it, and conducted  ourselves accordingly. Took leave of the company and returned home.

21 January 1836 • Thursday

<21.  John W. Olived> Thursday 21st. This morning a Minister from Connecticut, by the  name of John W. Olived called at my house and enquired of  my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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if “the prophet lives here.” He replied he did not under stand him. Mr Olived asked the same question again and  again, and received the same answer. He finally asked “does  Mr Smith live here? Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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replied O, Yes Sir. I understand you  now. Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
then stepped into my room and informed me  that a gentleman had called to see me. I went into the room  where he was, and the first question he asked me, was after passing  a compliment, was “How many members have you in your  church?” I replied that we had between fifteen hundred and  two thousand in this branch. He then asked, “Wherein do you differ  from other christian denominations?” I replied, we beleive the bible  and they do not: however he affirmed that he believed the Bible.  I told him then to be baptized. He replied that he did not realize it [p. 694]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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