43990549

History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

Praise the Lord all ye his Saints, praise his holy name. After January 28 these quorums were dismissed, I retired to my home filled with the Spirit, and my soul cried hosanna to God and the Lamb through the silent watches of the night, and while my eyes were closed in sleep, the visions of the Lord were sweet unto me and his glory was round about me, praise the Lord.

29 January 1836 • Friday

29 Friday 29. Attended school and read Hebrew. Received a line from the presidency of the elders quorum, they wishing to know whom they should receive, which I answered verbally; Feast of Joseph. P.M. I called in all my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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family and made a feast, and related my feelings towards them. My Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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pronounced patriarchal blessings on the heads of Henry Gannett Garrett

5 Sept. 1814–after 1842. Born at Deerfield, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Samuel Garrett and Irene Russell. Baptized into First United Presbyterian Society, 6 July 1815, at Utica, Oneida Co. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836...

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, Charles H. Smith

16 Apr. 1817–after 1836. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of Samuel Smith and Frances R. Wilcox. Baptized into LDS church. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1836. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836. Served...

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, Marietta Carter

1 Apr. 1818–20 Aug. 1840. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married to Jonathan Harriman Holmes by Frederick...

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, Angeline Carter

26 Aug. 1823–1888. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Upper Alton, Madison Co., Illinois, Mar. 1841...

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, Johanna Carter

26 Nov. 1824–5 Feb. 1847. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Moved to Missouri, 1838. Moved to Quincy, Adams...

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, and Nancy Carter

26 Feb. 1827–1 Feb. 1904. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Father died of cholera, 25 June 1834, on Rush Creek, Clay Co., Missouri. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Received patriarchal blessing...

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. This was a good time to me and all the family rejoiced together. We continued the meeting till about 8 o clock in the evening and related the goodness of God to us in opening our eyes to see the visions of heaven, and in sending his holy angels to minister unto us, the word of life. We sang the praise of God in animated strains, and the power of love and union was felt and enjoyed.

30 January 1836 • Saturday

30. Saturday 30th. Attended school as usual, and waited upon several visitors and shewed them the record of Abraham. Mr Joshua Seixas

4 June 1802–1874. Hebraist, textbook writer, teacher. Probably born at New York City. Son of Gershom Mendez Seixas and Hannah Manuel. Married Henrietta Raphael of Richmond, Henrico Co., Virginia. Taught Hebrew at New York and Charlestown, Massachusetts. His...

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, our Hebrew Teacher, examined them with deep interest, and pronounced them to be original beyond all doubt. He is a man of excellent understanding, and has a knowledge of many languages, which were spoken by the ancients, & he is an honorable man so far as I can judge yet.
At a conference of the presidency of the church, it was resolved that no one be ordained to an office in the Church in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, without the voice of the several quorums, when assembled for church business. Resolved that Alvah Beman

22 May 1775–15 Nov. 1837. Farmer. Born at New Marlboro, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Reuben Beman and Mariam. Married Sarah (Sally) Burt, 18 Aug. 1796. Moved to what became Livonia, Ontario Co., New York, 1799. Moved to Avon, Livingston Co., New York...

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, President of the elders, be directed to give to the presidents of the church a list of the names of the several elders, comprising his quorum; and all other elders in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, not belonging to any quorum now established. Resolved that Harvey Whitlock

1809–after 1880. Physician. Born in Massachusetts. Married Minerva Abbott, 21 Nov. 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 1831. Ordained an elder, by June 1831. Ordained a high priest, 4 June 1831. Served mission to Jackson Co., Missouri, with David Whitmer, 1831...

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be restored to the church in full fellowship, on his being re-baptized and after be ordained to the High priesthood. Oliver Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

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, clerk C.
In the evening went to the upper rooms of the Lord’s house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
and set the different quorums in order. Instructed the presidents of the seventy concerning the order of their anointing, and requested them to proceed and anoint the Seventy, having set all the quorums in order. I returned to my house being weary with continual [p. 700]
Praise the Lord all ye his Saints, praise his holy name. After  <January 28> these quorums were dismissed, I retired to my home filled  with the Spirit, and my soul cried hosanna to God and  the Lamb through the silent watches of the night, and while  my eyes were closed in sleep, the visions of the Lord were  sweet unto me and his glory was round about me,  praise the Lord.

29 January 1836 • Friday

<29> Friday 29. Attended school and read Hebrew. Received  a line from the presidency of the elders quorum, they wishing to  know whom they should receive, which I answered verbally; and  <Feast of Joseph.> attended to various duties. P.M. I called in all my Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
 family and made a feast, and related my feelings towards  them. My Father

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
pronounced patriarchal blessings on the  heads of Henry Gannett [Garrett]

5 Sept. 1814–after 1842. Born at Deerfield, Oneida Co., New York. Son of Samuel Garrett and Irene Russell. Baptized into First United Presbyterian Society, 6 July 1815, at Utica, Oneida Co. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836...

View Full Bio
, Charles H. Smith

16 Apr. 1817–after 1836. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of Samuel Smith and Frances R. Wilcox. Baptized into LDS church. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1836. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836. Served...

View Full Bio
, Marietta Carter

1 Apr. 1818–20 Aug. 1840. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married to Jonathan Harriman Holmes by Frederick...

View Full Bio
,  Angeline Carter

26 Aug. 1823–1888. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Lived at Upper Alton, Madison Co., Illinois, Mar. 1841...

View Full Bio
, Jo[h]anna Carter

26 Nov. 1824–5 Feb. 1847. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Received patriarchal blessing from Joseph Smith Sr., 29 Jan. 1836, at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio. Moved to Missouri, 1838. Moved to Quincy, Adams...

View Full Bio
, and Nancy Carter

26 Feb. 1827–1 Feb. 1904. Born at Benson, Rutland Co., Vermont. Daughter of John S. Carter and Elizabeth Kenyon. Father died of cholera, 25 June 1834, on Rush Creek, Clay Co., Missouri. Lived at Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, by 1836. Received patriarchal blessing...

View Full Bio
. This  was a good time to me and all the family rejoiced to gether. We continued the meeting till about 8 o clock in  the evening and related the goodness of God to us  in opening our eyes to see the visions of heaven, and  in sending his holy angels to minister unto us, the  word of life. We sang the praise of God in anima ted strains, and the power of love and union was  felt and enjoyed.

30 January 1836 • Saturday

<30.> Saturday 30th. Attended school as usual, and waited  upon several visitors and shewed them the record of  Abraham. Mr [Joshua] Seixas

4 June 1802–1874. Hebraist, textbook writer, teacher. Probably born at New York City. Son of Gershom Mendez Seixas and Hannah Manuel. Married Henrietta Raphael of Richmond, Henrico Co., Virginia. Taught Hebrew at New York and Charlestown, Massachusetts. His...

View Full Bio
, our Hebrew Teacher, examined  them with deep interest, and pronounced them to be  original beyond all doubt. He is a man of excellent  understanding, and has a knowledge of many langua ges, which were spoken by the ancients, & he is an honorable  man so far as I can judge yet.
At a conference of the presidency of the church, it was  resolved that no one be ordained to an office in the  Church in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, without the voice of the several quo rums, when assembled for church business. Resolved that  Alva[h] Beman

22 May 1775–15 Nov. 1837. Farmer. Born at New Marlboro, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Reuben Beman and Mariam. Married Sarah (Sally) Burt, 18 Aug. 1796. Moved to what became Livonia, Ontario Co., New York, 1799. Moved to Avon, Livingston Co., New York...

View Full Bio
, President of the elders, be directed to give  to the presidents of the church a list of the names of the  several elders, comprising his quorum; and all other  elders in Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

More Info
, not belonging to any quorum now estab lished. Resolved that Harvey Whitlock

1809–after 1880. Physician. Born in Massachusetts. Married Minerva Abbott, 21 Nov. 1830. Baptized into LDS church, 1831. Ordained an elder, by June 1831. Ordained a high priest, 4 June 1831. Served mission to Jackson Co., Missouri, with David Whitmer, 1831...

View Full Bio
be restored to  the church in full fellowship, on his being re-baptized  and after be ordained to the High priesthood. O[liver] Cowdery

3 Oct. 1806–3 Mar. 1850. Clerk, teacher, justice of the peace, lawyer, newspaper editor. Born at Wells, Rutland Co., Vermont. Son of William Cowdery and Rebecca Fuller. Raised Congregationalist. Moved to western New York and clerked at a store, ca. 1825–1828...

View Full Bio
, clerk C.
In the evening went to the upper rooms in of the Lord’s  house

JS revelation of Jan. 1831 directed Latter-day Saints to migrate to Ohio, where they would “be endowed with power from on high.” JS Revelation of Dec. 1832 directed Saints to “establish . . . an house of God.” JS Revelation of 1 June 1833 chastened Saints...

More Info
and set the different quorums in order. Instruc ted the presidents of the seventy concerning the order of  their anointing, and requested them to proceed and  anoint the Seventy, having set all the quorums in  order. I returned to my house being weary with continual [p. 700]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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