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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

September 25 Parks

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer, military officer, sheriff, real estate agent, hatter. Born in Tennessee. Married first Nancy McGhee, 22 Apr. 1828, in Knox Co., Tennessee. Resided in Knoxville, Knox Co., 1830. Moved to Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, by 1835. Ray...

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letters “Whatever may have been the disposition of the People called Mormons, before our arrival here, since we have made our appearance they have shewn no disposition to resist the laws, or of hostile intentions. There has been so much prejudice and exaggeration concerned in this matter, that I found things entirely different from what I was prepared to expect— When we arrived here, we found a large body of men from the Counties adjoining, armed and in the field, for the purpose, as I learned, of assisting the people of this County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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against the Mormons, without being called out by the proper authorities— P.S. Since writing the above, I received information that if the Committee do not agree, the determination of the Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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men is to drive the Mormons with Powder and lead”.
The same day General Parks

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer, military officer, sheriff, real estate agent, hatter. Born in Tennessee. Married first Nancy McGhee, 22 Apr. 1828, in Knox Co., Tennessee. Resided in Knoxville, Knox Co., 1830. Moved to Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, by 1835. Ray...

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wrote General David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

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as follows.
“I am happy to be able to state to you, that the deep excitement existing between the parties has in a great degree ceased and so far I have had no occasion to resort to force, in assisting the Constables. On tomorrow, a committee from Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

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meets a Committee of the Mormons at Adam-ondi-ahman

Town located in northwest Missouri. JS revelations designated area as place where Adam blessed his posterity after leaving Garden of Eden and where Adam will return prior to Second Coming. While seeking new areas in Daviess Co. for settlement, JS and others...

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, x to propose to them to buy or sell, and I expect to be there (p 7 Addenda note U) On Saturday the 29th. inst, there are fifteen or twenty of the Mormons cited to trial at Gallatin

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

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, where, Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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has pledged himself to me, they will attend”
I was at home until eight o’clock, when I rode on horseback returned about 11 A M and continued through the P.M. and evening
Camp The Camp passed through Huntsville

Located in north-central Missouri. Settled in 1820s. Randolph Co. seat. Described in 1837 as having brick courthouse and seven stores, but no church buildings. Members of 1834 Camp of Israel and 1838 Kirtland Camp passed through Huntsville en route to Missouri...

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in Randolph County which has been appointed as one of the Stakes of Zion, and is the ancient cite of the City of Manti and pitched tents at Dark Creek, Salt Licks, seventeen miles It was reported to the Camp that one hundred and ten men had volunteered from Randolph

Located in east central Indiana. Area settled, 1812. County organized, 1818. Included town of Winchester; settled 1819; became county seat of justice; town population in 1849 about 800. County population in 1830 about 3,900; in 1840 about 10,000; and in 1849...

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and gone to Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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to settle difficulties

26 September 1838 • Wednesday

26. This morning Elder James Foster

1 Apr. 1786–12 Dec. 1846. Born at Hillsborough, Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire. Moved to Vienna, Kennebec Co., Maine, by Feb, 1811. Married Abigail Glidden, 29 Feb. 1811, at Vienna. Moved to Lyons, Wayne Co., New York, by 1824. Baptized into LDS church, ...

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, one of the Councillors, proposed to the Council to break up the Camp, on account of existing circumstances, so much excitement— so many moving West and in large bodies too, it was wisdom for them to go to work, and provide for their families, until the difficulties should be settled or they heard from Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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. Four of the seven Councillors were present, and three absent, Elder Young had stopped by the way.
“Silence prevailed ............ Shortly it was manifest that it was the desire of the Camp collectively to go forward, notwithstanding their deference always to the Will of the Lord through the Council. Elder Duncan Mc. Arthur said in a low tone that it was his impression that we might go up in righteousness, keeping the commandments, and not be molested. some others manifested the same in concurrence with his feeling. Silence again ............. Here our faith was tried, and here the Lord looked down and beheld us, and lo, a gentleman who was directly from Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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and was returning to the East, where he belonged, left his carriage and came among us, although we were a good distance from the Road and he told us that there was no trouble in Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, and Adam-ondi-ahman

Town located in northwest Missouri. JS revelations designated area as place where Adam blessed his posterity after leaving Garden of Eden and where Adam will return prior to Second Coming. While seeking new areas in Daviess Co. for settlement, JS and others...

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, but that we might go right along without danger of running into any body’s difficulties, and further said he, the one hundred and ten volunteers are to be discharged this day at twelve o’clock at Heattsville The Council replied “We believe you Sir, and we thank you for your kindness” A vote of the Camp was called for, whether we should proceed, & instantly all hands were raised toward heaven.!!! . We pursued our journey and in crossing a seven mile prairie we stopt in a hollow to bait the teams and herd and here the volunteers passed us on their homeward bound passage according [p. 829]
<September 25  Parks

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer, military officer, sheriff, real estate agent, hatter. Born in Tennessee. Married first Nancy McGhee, 22 Apr. 1828, in Knox Co., Tennessee. Resided in Knoxville, Knox Co., 1830. Moved to Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, by 1835. Ray...

View Full Bio
letters> “Whatever may have been the disposition of the People called Mormons, before our arrival here,  since we have made our appearance they have shewn no disposition to resist the laws, or of hostile  intentions. There has been so much prejudice and exaggeration concerned in this matter,  that I found things entirely different from what I was prepared to expect— When we arrived  here, we found a large body of men from the Counties adjoining, armed and in the field, for  the purpose, as I learned, of assisting the people of this County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
against the Mormons, without  being called out by the proper authorities— P.S. Since writing the above, I received  information that if the Committee do not agree, the determination of the Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
men  is to drive the Mormons with Powder and lead”.
The same day General Parks

Ca. 1807–after 1880. Farmer, military officer, sheriff, real estate agent, hatter. Born in Tennessee. Married first Nancy McGhee, 22 Apr. 1828, in Knox Co., Tennessee. Resided in Knoxville, Knox Co., 1830. Moved to Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri, by 1835. Ray...

View Full Bio
wrote General [David R.] Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

View Full Bio
as follows.
“I am happy to be able  to state to you, that the deep excitement existing between the parties has in a great degree ceased  and so far I have had no occasion to resort to force, in assisting the Constables. On tomorrow,  a committee from Daviess County

Area in northwest Missouri settled by European Americans, 1830. Sparsely inhabited until 1838. Created from Ray Co., Dec. 1836, in attempt to resolve conflicts related to Mormon settlement in that region. County is transected diagonally from northwest to ...

More Info
meets a Committee of the Mormons at Adam-ondi-ahman

Town located in northwest Missouri. JS revelations designated area as place where Adam blessed his posterity after leaving Garden of Eden and where Adam will return prior to Second Coming. While seeking new areas in Daviess Co. for settlement, JS and others...

More Info
,  <x> to propose to them to buy or sell, and I expect to be there <(p 7 Addenda note U)> On Saturday the 29th. inst, there are  fifteen or twenty of the Mormons cited to trial at Gallatin

Founded and laid out, 1837. Unofficial county seat, beginning 1837. Officially named county seat, 1841. Several Latter-day Saints attempted to vote at Gallatin, 6 Aug. 1838, but were attacked by local residents. After Mormon-Missouri conflict erupted, Saints...

More Info
, where, Lyman Wight

9 May 1796–31 Mar. 1858. Farmer. Born at Fairfield, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Levi Wight Jr. and Sarah Corbin. Served in War of 1812. Married Harriet Benton, 5 Jan. 1823, at Henrietta, Monroe Co., New York. Moved to Warrensville, Cuyahoga Co., Ohio, ...

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has pledged  himself to me, they will attend”
I was at home until eight o’clock, when I rode on horseback returned about 11 A M  and continued through the P.M. and evening
<Camp> The Camp passed through Huntsville

Located in north-central Missouri. Settled in 1820s. Randolph Co. seat. Described in 1837 as having brick courthouse and seven stores, but no church buildings. Members of 1834 Camp of Israel and 1838 Kirtland Camp passed through Huntsville en route to Missouri...

More Info
in Randolph County which has been appointed as  one of the Stakes of Zion, and is the ancient cite of the City of Manti and pitched tents at Dark  Creek, Salt Licks, seventeen miles It was reported to the Camp that one hundred  and ten men had volunteered from Randolph

Located in east central Indiana. Area settled, 1812. County organized, 1818. Included town of Winchester; settled 1819; became county seat of justice; town population in 1849 about 800. County population in 1830 about 3,900; in 1840 about 10,000; and in 1849...

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and gone to Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
to settle difficulties

26 September 1838 • Wednesday

<26.> The Council informed the Camp that under <This morning Elder James Foster

1 Apr. 1786–12 Dec. 1846. Born at Hillsborough, Hillsborough Co., New Hampshire. Moved to Vienna, Kennebec Co., Maine, by Feb, 1811. Married Abigail Glidden, 29 Feb. 1811, at Vienna. Moved to Lyons, Wayne Co., New York, by 1824. Baptized into LDS church, ...

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, one of the Councillors, proposed to the Council to break up the Camp, on account of> existing circumstances, so much excitement—  so many moving West and in large bodies too, it was wisdom for them to go to work,  and provide for their families, until the difficulties should be settled or they heard from  Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
. Four of the seven Councillors were present, and three absent, Elder Young  had stopped by the way.
“Silence prevailed ............ Shortly it was manifest that it  was the desire of the Camp collectively to go forward, notwithstanding their due deference  always to the Will of the Lord through the Council. Elder [Duncan] Mc. Arthur said in a low  tone that it was his impression that we might go up in righteousness, keeping the  commandments, and not be molested. some others manifested the same in concurrence  with his feeling. Silence again ............. Here our faith was tried, and here the Lord  looked down and beheld us, and lo, a gentleman who was directly from Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
and was  returning in his carriage to the East, where he belonged, left his carriage and came  among us, although we were a good distance from the Road and he told us that there  was no trouble in Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
, and Adam-ondi-ahman

Town located in northwest Missouri. JS revelations designated area as place where Adam blessed his posterity after leaving Garden of Eden and where Adam will return prior to Second Coming. While seeking new areas in Daviess Co. for settlement, JS and others...

More Info
, but that we might go right  along without danger of running into any body’s difficulties, and further said he, the  one hundred and ten volunteers are to be discharged this day at twelve o’clock at Heattsville  The Council replied “We believe you Sir, and we thank you for your kindness” A vote of the  Camp was called for, whether we should proceed, & instantly all hands were raised toward heaven.!!!  Now once more be praise and glory and honor and power and might and dominion unto the Lord,  for he has over-ruled this thing, and he will overrule all things for his glory and the good of  those who love him and this man was his messenger. We of the Council did not know the Will  of the Lord as well before, as after this man’s information is perhaps better known to them  than to me, but I suppose it was because there was something wrong among them, that they  were not agreed, for it was their privilege to know the will and mind of the Lord. We  pursued our journey and in crossing a seven mile prairie we stopt in a hollow to bait the  teams and herd and here the volunteers passed us on their homeward bound passage according [p. 829]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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