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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

of the Lord, and that they should be preserved unto the end of March 28 Seth’s Likeness to Adam the earth, because he (Seth) was a perfect man, and his likeness was the likeness image of his father’s, insomuch that he seemed to be like unto his father in all things; and could be distinguished from him only by his age.
Enos ordained. 20. Enos was ordained at the age of 134 years, and four months, by the hand of Adam.
Cainan called. 21. God called upon Cainan in the wilderness, in the fortieth year of his age and he met Adam in journeying to the place Shedolamak; he was eighty seven years old when he received his ordination.
Mahalaleel Ordained 22. Mahalaleel was 496 years and seven days old when he was ordained by the hand of Adam, who also blessed him.——
Jared ordained 23. Jared was 200 years old when he was ordained under the hand of Adam, who also blessed him.
Enoch Ordained 24. Enoch was 25 years old when he was ordained under the hand of Adam, him, and he was 65 and Adam blessed him— and he saw the Lord: and he saw the Lord and he walked with him, and was before his face continually; and he walked with God 365 years: making 430 years old when he was translated.
Methuselah ordained 25. Methuselah was 100 years old when he was ordained under the hand of Adam.
Lamech 26. Lamech was 32 years old when he was ordained under the hand of Seth.
Noah 27. Noah was 10 years old when he was ordained under the hand of Methuselah.
Adam bestows his last blessing on his posterity 28 Three years previous to the death of Adam, he called Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, and Methuselah, who were all high priests, with the residue of his posterity, who were righteous, into the valley of Adam-Ondi-Ahman, and there bestowed upon them his last blessing. And the Lord appeared unto them, and they rose up and blessed Adam, and called him Michael the Prince, the Archangel. And the Lord administered comfort unto Adam, and said unto him, I have set thee to be at the head: a multitude of nations shall come of thee; and thou art a prince over them forever.
Adam Prophciied. 29. And Adam stood up in the midst of the congregation and notwithstanding he was bowed down with age, being full of the Holy Ghost, predicted whatsoever should befal his prosterity unto the latest generation. These things were all written in the Book of Enoch, and are to be testified of in due time.
Duty of the Twelve 30. It is the duty of the twelve, also, to ordain and set in order all the other officers of the church agreeably to the revelation which says;
31. To the church of Christ in the land of Zion, in— [p. 585]
of the Lord, and that they should be preserved unto the end of  <March 28  Seth’s  Likeness to Adam> the earth, because he (Seth) was a perfect man, and his likeness  was the express likeness image of his father’s, insomuch that he seemed  to be like unto his father in all things; and could be distin guished from him only by his age.
<Enos ordained.> 20. Enos was ordained at the age of 134 years, and four months,  by the hand of Adam.
<Cainan called.> 21. God called upon Cainan in the wilderness, in the fortieth  year of his age and he met Adam in journeying to the place  Shedolamak; he was eighty seven years old when he received his  ordination.
<Mahalaleel Ordained> 22. Mahalaleel was 496 years and seven days old when he was  ordained by the hand of Adam, who also blessed him.——
<Jared ordained> 23. Jared was 200 years old when he was ordained under the  hand of Adam, who also blessed him.
<Enoch Ordained> 24. Enoch was 25 years old when he was ordained under the hand  of Adam, who also blessed him, and he was 65 and Adam  blessed him— and he saw the Lord: and he saw the Lord  and he walked with him, and was before his face contin ually; and he walked with God 365 years: making 430  years old when he was translated.
<Methuselah ordained> 25. Methuselah was 100 years old when he was ordained under the  hand of Adam.
<Lamech> 26. Lamech was 32 years old when he was ordained under  the hand of Seth.
<Noah> 27. Noah was 10 years old when he was ordained under  the hand of Methuselah.
<Adam bestows  his last blessing  on his posterity> 28 Three years previous to the death of Adam, he called  Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, and  Methuselah, who were all high priests, with the residue  of his posterity, who were righteous, into the valley of Adam- Ondi-Ahman, and there bestowed upon them his last  blessing. And the Lord appeared unto them, and they  rose up and blessed Adam, and called him Michael  the Prince, the Archangel. And the Lord administered  comfort unto Adam, and said unto him, I have set thee to  be at the head: a multitude of nations shall come  of thee; and thou art a prince over them forever.
<Adam Proph ciied.> 29. And Adam stood up in the midst of the congregation  and notwithstanding he was bowed down with age, being  full of the Holy Ghost, predicted whatsoever should befal  his prosterity unto the latest generation. These things were  all written in the Book of Enoch, and are to be testified  of in due time.
<Duty of the  Twelve> 30. It is the duty of the twelve, also, to ordain and set in  order all the other officers of the church agreeably to the  revelation which says;
31. To the church of Christ in the land of Zion, in— [p. 585]
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This document, volume B-1, is the second of the six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over the span of seventeen years, 1838 to 1856. The narrative in volume B-1 begins with the entry for 1 September 1834, just after the conclusion of the Camp of Israel (later called Zion’s Camp), and continues to 2 November 1838, when JS was interned as a prisoner of war at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri. For a fuller discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to the history.
Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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, serving as JS’s “private secretary and historian,” completed the account of JS’s history contained in volume A-1 in August 1843. It covered the period from JS’s birth in 1805 through the aftermath of the Camp of Israel in August 1834. When work resumed on the history on 1 October 1843, Richards started a new volume, eventually designated B-1.
At the time of JS’s death in June 1844, the account had been advanced to 5 August 1838, on page 812 of volume B-1. Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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’s poor health led to the curtailment of work on B-1 for several months, until 11 December 1844. On that date, Richards and William W. Phelps

17 Feb. 1792–7 Mar. 1872. Writer, teacher, printer, newspaper editor, publisher, postmaster, lawyer. Born at Hanover, Morris Co., New Jersey. Son of Enon Phelps and Mehitabel Goldsmith. Moved to Homer, Cortland Co., New York, 1800. Married Sally Waterman,...

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, assisted by Thomas Bullock, resumed gathering the records and reports needed to draft the history. Richards then composed and drafted roughed-out notes while Thomas Bullock compiled the text of the history and inscribed it in B-1. They completed their work on the volume on or about 24 February 1845. Richards, Willmer Benson, and Jonathan Grimshaw later added ten pages of “Addenda,” which provided notes, extensive revisions, or additional text to be inserted in the original manuscript where indicated.
Though JS did not dictate or revise any of the text recorded in B-1, Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock chose to maintain the first-person, chronological narrative format established in A-1 as if JS were the author. They drew from a variety of primary and secondary sources including JS’s diaries and letters, minutes of meetings, the first edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, church and other periodicals, reports of JS’s discourses, and the reminiscences and recollections of church members. As was the case with A-1, after JS’s death, Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others modified and corrected the manuscript as they reviewed material before its eventual publication.
Beginning in March 1842 the church’s Nauvoo periodical, the Times and Seasons, began publishing the narrative as the “History of Joseph Smith.” It was also published in England in the church periodical the Millennial Star beginning in June 1842. Once a press was established in Utah and the Deseret News began publication, the “History of Joseph Smith” once more appeared in print in serialized form. Beginning with the November 1851 issue, the narrative picked up where the Times and Seasons had left off over five years earlier.
The narrative recorded in B-1 continued the story of JS’s life as the prophet and president of the church he labored to establish. The account encompasses significant developments in the church’s two centers at that time—Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, Ohio, and northwest Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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—during a four-year-span. Critical events included the organization of the Quorums of the Twelve Apostles and the Seventy, the dedication of the House of the Lord in Kirtland, Ohio, the establishment of the Kirtland Safety Society, dissension and apostasy in Kirtland and Missouri, the first mission to England, JS’s flight from Kirtland to Missouri in the winter of 1838, the Saints’ exodus from Kirtland later that year, the disciplining of the Missouri presidency, and the outbreak of the Missouri War and arrest of JS. Thus, B-1 provides substantial detail regarding a significant period of church expansion and transition as well as travail.

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