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History, 1838–1856, volume B-1 [1 September 1834–2 November 1838]

addition to the church laws, respecting church business; March 28 verily I say unto you, says the Lord of Hosts, There must needs be presiding elders, to preside over those who are of the office of an elder; and also priests to preside over those who are of the office of a priest; and also teachers to preside over those who are of the office of a teacher, in like manner; and also the deacons; wherefore from deacon to teacher, and from teacher to priest, and from priest to elder, severally as they are appointed, according to the covenants and commandments of the church; then comes the high priesthood, which is the greatest of all. Wherefore, it must needs be that one be appointed, of the high priesthood, to preside over the priesthood; and he shall be called president of the high priesthood of the church, or, in other words, the presiding high priest over the high priesthood of the church. From the same comes the administering of ordinances, and blessings upon the church, by the laying on of the hands.
Office and duty of a Bishop. 32. Wherefore the office of a bishop is not equal unto it; for the office of a bishop is in administering all temporal things; nevertheless, a bishop must be chosen from the high priesthood, unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron; for, unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron, he cannot hold the keys of that priesthood. Nevertheless, a high priest, that is after the order of Melchisedek, may be set apart unto the ministering of temporal things, having a knowledge of them by the spirit of truth, and also to be a judge in israel, to do the business of the church to sit in judgment upon transgressors, upon testimony, as it shall be laid before him, according to the laws, by the assistance of his counsellors, whom he has chosen, or will chose among the elders of the Church. This is the duty of a bishop, who is not a literal descendant of Aaron, but has been ordained to the high priesthood after the order of Melchisedek.
The Bishop shall be a Judge. 33. Thus shall he be a judge, even a common judge among the inhabitants of Zion, or in a stake of Zion, or in any branch of the church where he shall be set apart unto this ministry, until the borders of Zion are enlarged, and it becomes necessary to have other bishops, or judges is [in] Zion, or else-where; and inasmuch as there are other bishops appointed they shall act in the same office.
Descendants of Aaron have a legal right to the Bishopric 34. But a literal descendant of Aaron has a legal right to the presidency of this priesthood, to the keys of this ministry, to act in the office of Bishop independently, without counsellors, except in a case where the president of the high priesthood after the order of Melchisedek, is tried; to sit as a judge in Israel. And the decision of either of these Councils, agreeably to the commandment which says; [p. 586]
addition to the church laws, respecting church business;  <March 28> verily I say unto you, says the Lord of Hosts, There must  needs be presiding elders, to preside over those who are of  the office of an elder; and also priests to preside over  those who are of the office of a priest; and also teachers  to preside over those who are of the office of a teacher, in  like manner; and also the deacons; wherefore from  deacon to teacher, and from teacher to priest, and from  priest to elder, severally as they are appointed, according  to the covenants and commandments of the church; then  comes the high priesthood, which is the greatest of all.  Wherefore, it must needs be that one be appointed, of  the high priesthood, to preside over the priesthood; and  he shall be called president of the high priesthood of  the church, or, in other words, the presiding high priest  over the high priesthood of the church. From the same  comes the administering of ordinances, and blessings  upon the church, by the laying on of the hands.
<Office and  duty of a  Bishop.> 32. Wherefore the office of a bishop is not equal unto it;  for the office of a bishop is in administering all tempo ral things; nevertheless, a bishop must be chosen from  the high priesthood, unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron;  for, unless he is a literal descendant of Aaron, he cannot hold  the keys of that priesthood. Nevertheless, a high priest, that is  after the order of Melchisedek, may be set apart unto the  ministering of temporal things, having a knowledge of them  by the spirit of truth, and also to be a judge in israel,  to do the business of the church to sit in judgment upon  transgressors, upon testimony, as it shall be laid before him,  according to the laws, by the assistance of his counsellors, whom  he has chosen, or will chose among the elders of the Church.  This is the duty of a bishop, who is not a literal descendant  of Aaron, but has been ordained to the high priesthood after  the order of Melchisedek.
<The Bishop  shall be a  Judge.> 33. Thus shall he be a judge, even a common judge among  the inhabitants of Zion, or in a stake of Zion, or in any  branch of the church where he shall be set apart unto this  ministry, until the borders of Zion are enlarged, and it be comes necessary to have other bishops, or judges is [in] Zion,  or else-where; and inasmuch as there are other bishops  appointed they shall act in the same office.
<Descendants  of Aaron have  a legal right  to the Bishopric> 34. But a literal descendant of Aaron has a legal right to  the presidency of this priesthood, to the keys of this ministry,  to act in the office of Bishop independently, without counsel lors, except in a case where a the president of the high priesthood  after the order of Melchisedek, is tried; to sit as a judge in  Israel. And the decision of either of these Councils, agreeably  to the commandment which says; [p. 586]
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JS, History, 1838–1856, vol. B-1, created 1 Oct. 1843–24 Feb. 1845; handwriting of Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock; 297 pages, plus 10 pages of addenda; CHL. This is the second volume of a six-volume manuscript history of the church. This second volume covers the period from 1 September 1834 to 2 November 1838; the subsequent four volumes, labeled C-1 through F-1, continue through 8 August 1844.

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