43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

6 Februay 1840 • Thursday

February 6 News Vol 4 No. 20. Thursday 6. I had previously preached in Washington

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

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, and one of my sermons I find reported in Synopsis, by a member of Congress, which I will insert intire
Washington

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

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6th. February 1840. My Dear Mary— I went last evening, to hear Joe Smith, the celebrated Mormon, expound his doctrine. I, with several others, had a desire to understand his tenets, as explained by himself. He is not an educated Man: but he is a plain, sensible, strong minded man. Everything he says, is said in a manner to leave an impression that he is sincere, There is no levity, no fanaticism, no want of dignity in his deportment. He is apparently from 40 to 45 years of age, rather above the middle stature, and what you ladies would call a very good looking man. In his garb there are no peculiarities, his dress being that of a plain, unpretending Citizen. He is, by profession, a farmer; but is evidently well read. He commenced, by saying, that he knew the prejudices, which were abroad in the world against him, but requested us to pay no respect to the rumors which were in circulation respecting him or his doctrines. He was accompanied by three or four of his followers. He said, “I will state to you, our belief, so far as time will permit.” I believe, said he, that there is a God, possessing all the attributes ascribed to him by all Christians of all denominations, that he reigns over all things in Heaven and on Earth; and that all are subject to his power. He then spoke, rationally, of the attributes of Divinity, such as foreknowledge, mercy, &c. &c. He then took up the Bible. I believe, said he, in this sacred volume, In it the Mormon faith is to be found. We teach nothing, but what the Bible teaches. We believe nothing but what is to be found in this Book. I believe in the fall of Man, as recorded in the Bible. I believe that God foreknew every thing; but did not fore ordain every thing; I deny that foreordain and fore-know is the same thing. He fore-ordained the fall of Man; but all merciful as he is, he fore-ordained at the same time, a plan of redemption for all mankind; I believe in the Divinity of Jesus Christ, and that he died for the sins of all men, who in Adam had fallen— He then entered into some details, the result of which tended to shew his total unbelief of what is termed original sin. He believes that it is washed away by the blood of Christ, and that it no longer exists— As a necessary consequence, he believes, that we are all born pure and undefiled. That all children dying at an early age (say eight years). not knowing good from evil, were incapable of sinning, and that all such assuredly go to Heaven. I believe, said he, that man is a moral, responsible, free agent; that although it was fore-ordained he should fall, and be redeemed, yet after the redemption it was not fore-ordained that he should again sin. In the Bible a rule of conduct is laid down for him. In the old and new Testaments the law by which he is to be governed may be found. If he violates that law, he is to be punished for the deeds done in the body. I believe that God is Eternal. That he had no beginning and can have no end. Eternity means that which is without beginning or End. I believe that the Soul is Eternal. It had no beginning; it can have no end. [p. 1014]

6 Februay 1840 • Thursday

<February 6  News Vol 4 No. 20.> Thursday 6. I had previously preached in Washington

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

More Info
, and one of my  sermons I find reported in Synopsis, by a member of Congress, which  I will insert intire
Washington

Created as district for seat of U.S. federal government by act of Congress, 1790, and named Washington DC, 1791. Named in honor of George Washington. Headquarters of executive, legislative, and judicial branches of U.S. government relocated to Washington ...

More Info
6th. February 1840. My Dear Mary—  I went last evening, to hear Joe Smith, the celebrated Mormon, expound  his doctrine. I, with several others, had a desire to understand his tenets,  as explained by himself. He is not an educated Man: but he is a plain,  sensible, strong minded man. Everything he says, is said in a manner  to leave an impression that he is sincere, There is no levity, no fanaticism,  no want of dignity in his deportment. He is apparently from 40 to 45  years of age, rather above the middle stature, and what you ladies  would call a very good looking man. In his garb there are no peculiarities,  his dress being that of a plain, unpretending Citizen. He is, by profession,  a farmer; but is evidently well read. He commenced, by saying,  that he knew the prejudices, which were abroad in the world against him,  but requested us to pay no respect to the rumors which were in circulation  respecting him or his doctrines. He was accompanied by three or  four of his followers. He said, “I will state to you, our belief, so far as time  will permit.” I believe, said he, that there is a God, possessing all the attributes  ascribed to him by all Christians of all denominations, that he reigns over all  things in Heaven and on Earth; and that all are subject to his power. He  then spoke, rationally, of the attributes of Divinity, such as foreknowledge, mercy,  &c. &c. He then took up the Bible. I believe, said he, in this sacred volume,  In it the Mormon faith is to be found. We teach nothing, but what the  Bible teaches. We believe nothing but what is to be found in this Book.  I believe in the fall of Man, as recorded in the Bible. I believe that God  foreknew every thing; but did not fore ordain every thing; I deny that foreordain  and fore-know is the same thing. He fore-ordained the fall of Man; but  all merciful as he is, he fore-ordained at the same time, a plan of redemption  for all mankind; I believe in the Divinity of Jesus Christ, and that he died  for the sins of all men, who in Adam had fallen— He then entered  into some details, the result of which tended to shew his total unbelief of  what is termed original sin. He believes that it is washed away by the blood  of Christ, and that it no longer exists— As a necessary consequence, he believes,  that we are all born pure and undefiled. That all children dying at an  early age (say eight years). not knowing good from evil, were incapable of sinning,  and that all such assuredly go to Heaven. I believe, said he, that man is a  moral, responsible, free agent; that although it was fore-ordained he should  fall, and be redeemed, yet after the redemption it was not fore-ordained that  he should again sin. In the Bible a rule of conduct is laid down for him.  In the old and new Testaments the law by which he is to be governed  may be found. If he violates that law, he is to be punished for the deeds done  in the body. I believe that God is Eternal. That he had no beginning and can  have no end. Eternity means that which is without beginning or End.  I believe that the Soul is Eternal. It had no beginning; it can have no end. [p. 1014]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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