43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

May 14 respect to publishing any other work either original, or those which have been published before, you will be governed by circumstances; if you think necessary to do so I shall have no objections whatever. It will be well to study plainness and simplicity in whatever you publish “for my soul delighteth in plainness”. I feel much pleased with the Spirit of your letter, and be assured Dear Brethren of my hearty co-operation, and my prayers for your welfare and success. In answer to your enquiry in a former letter, relative to the duty of the Seventies in regulating Churches &c. I say that the duties of the Seventies, are more particularly to preach the Gospel, and build up Churches, rather than regulate them, that a high priest may take charge of them. If a high priest should be remiss in his duty, and should lead, or suffer the Church to be led astray; depart from the Ordinances of the Lord, then it is the duty of one of the Seventies, acting under the special direction of the Twelve— being duly commissioned by them with their delegated authority, to go to that church and if agreeable to a majority of the members of said Church to proceed to regulate and put in order the same, otherwise he can have no authority to act— Josh. Smith Jr.”

15 May 1840 • Friday

15 Friday
“To the Editor

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

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of the Millenial Star— Ledbury Herefordshire May 15 1840. Beloved Brother— Two weeks ago this day, I parted with Brothers Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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and Wilford Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

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in this place, taking different locations in this part of the vineyard, originally opened by Brother Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

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, and after visiting various places in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Gloucestershire preaching daily, talking night and day, and administering the ordinances of the Gospel as directed by the Spirit; we have again this day found ourselves together, and Elder Thomas Kington in our midst; (he is devoted wholly to the ministry) and by comparing minutes, we find there have been in these two weeks about 112 baptized; 200 confirmed; 2 Elders, about 20 Priests, and 1 Teacher ordained— and the Church in these regions now numbers about 320. The branches are small, the brethren much scattered, consequently the field is so large that the reapers cannot call to each other from side to side; neither can they often see each other without a telescope. There are many doors open which we cannot fill; calls for preaching on almost every hand which we cannot answer. Oh! that the Saints would pray to the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers. I have this day received a letter from my Sister in Massachusetts

One of original thirteen colonies that formed U.S. Capital city, Boston. Colonized by English religious dissenters, 1620s. Population in 1830 about 610,000. Population in 1840 about 738,000. Joseph Smith Sr. born in Massachusetts. Samuel Smith and Orson Hyde...

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(North America) giving me the intelligence of the death of my aged father; and also that the work of the Lord is rolling forth in that part of the Land. Such intelligence from our native land, makes our hearts rejoice even in affliction. Your brother in the E. Covt. Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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.”

17 May 1840 • Sunday

17 Elders Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Wilford Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

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and Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
, held conference with the Saints at Gadfield Elm Chapel on Sunday 17. and

18–20 May 1840 • Monday–Wednesday

18 Monday 18 met the brethren at Elder Thomas Kington’s, where they had a tea party, praying, singing, confirming, ordaining, and about twenty were baptised, thus they 20 continued their labors from place to place until Wednesday the 20th., when they found themselves with one accord on the top of “The Herefordshire Beacon” and within the old fortification, when after prayer, they expressed their feelings concerning the business of the Church; which were (as they had obtained money from Elder John Benbow

1 Apr. 1800–12 May 1874. Farmer. Born in Grendon Warren, Herefordshire, England. Son of Thomas Benbow and Anne Jones. Married Jane Holmes, 16 Oct. 1826, in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Christened Anglican. Later joined United Brethren. Baptized into...

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& other brethren for printing the Hymn Book, and in part sufficient for the Book of Mormon) that Elder Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
repair immediately to Manchester, and join his brethren, previously [p. 1059]
< May 14> respect to publishing any other work either original, or those which have been  published before, you will be governed by circumstances; if you think  necessary to do so I shall have no objections whatever. It will be well to study  plainness and simplicity in whatever you publish “for my soul delighteth  in plainness”. I feel much pleased with the Spirit of your letter, and be  assured Dear Brethren of my hearty co-operation, and my prayers for your welfare and  success. In answer to your enquiry in a former letter, relative to the duty of the  Seventies in regulating Churches &c. I say that the duties of the Seventies, are more  particularly to preach the Gospel, and build up Churches, rather than regulate them,  that a high priest may take charge of them. If a high priest should be remiss in his duty,  and should lead, or suffer the Church to be led astray; depart from the Ordinances of the  Lord, then it is the duty of one of the Seventies, acting under the special direction of the Twelve—  being duly commissioned by them with their delegated authority, to go to that church and if agreeable to a  majority of the members of said Church to proceed to regulate and put in order the same, otherwise he can have  <no authority to act— Josh. Smith Jr.”>

15 May 1840 • Friday

<15> Friday
“To the Editor

12 Apr. 1807–13 May 1857. Farmer, editor, publisher, teacher, school administrator, legislator, explorer, author. Born at Burlington, Otsego Co., New York. Son of Jared Pratt and Charity Dickinson. Traveled west with brother William to acquire land, 1823....

View Full Bio
of the Millenial Star— Ledbury Herefordshire May 15  1840. Beloved Brother— Two weeks ago this day, I parted with Brothers [Brigham] Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
and  [Wilford] Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

View Full Bio
in this place, taking different locations in this part of the vineyard,  originally opened by Brother Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

View Full Bio
, and after visiting various places in  Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Gloucestershire preaching daily, talking night  and day, and administering the ordinances of the Gospel as directed by the Spirit;  we have again this day found ourselves together, and Elder [Thomas] Kington in our midst;  (he is devoted wholly to the ministry) and by comparing minutes, we find there  have been in these two weeks about 112 baptized; 200 confirmed; 2 Elders, about 20  Priests, and 1 Teacher ordained— and the Church in these regions now numbers  about 320. The branches are small, the brethren much scattered, consequently  the field is so large that the reapers cannot call to each other from side to  side; neither can they often see each other without a telescope. There are many  doors open which we cannot fill; calls for preaching on almost every hand  which we cannot answer. Oh! that the Saints would pray to the Lord of the harvest to  send forth laborers. I have this day received a letter from my Sister in Massachusetts

One of original thirteen colonies that formed U.S. Capital city, Boston. Colonized by English religious dissenters, 1620s. Population in 1830 about 610,000. Population in 1840 about 738,000. Joseph Smith Sr. born in Massachusetts. Samuel Smith and Orson Hyde...

More Info
 (North America) giving me the intelligence of the death of my aged father; and also that the  work of the Lord is rolling forth in that part of the Land. Such intelligence from our native  land, makes our hearts rejoice even in affliction. Your brother in the E. Covt.  Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
.”

17 May 1840 • Sunday

<17> Elders [Brigham] Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
, [Wilford] Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

View Full Bio
and [Willard] Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
, held conference with the Saints at  Gadfield Elm Chapel on Sunday 17. and

18–20 May 1840 • Monday–Wednesday

<18> Monday 18 met the brethren at Elder [Thomas] Kington’s, where they had a tea party,  praying, singing, confirming, ordaining, and about twenty were baptised, thus they  <20> continued their labors from place to place until Wednesday the 20th., when  they found themselves with one accord on the top of “The Herefordshire Beacon”  and within the old fortification, when after prayer, they expressed their feelings  concerning the business of the Church; which were (as they had obtained money  <from Elder John Benbow

1 Apr. 1800–12 May 1874. Farmer. Born in Grendon Warren, Herefordshire, England. Son of Thomas Benbow and Anne Jones. Married Jane Holmes, 16 Oct. 1826, in Worcester, Worcestershire, England. Christened Anglican. Later joined United Brethren. Baptized into...

View Full Bio
& other brethren> for printing the Hymn Book, and in part sufficient for the Book of Mormon) that  Elder [Brigham] Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
repair immediately to Manchester, and join his brethren, previously [p. 1059]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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