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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

October 12 to be “why I go to Church or Chapel and get my children christened, what more is necessary”? When we conversed with the learned, we found them too wise to be taught, and too much established in the traditions of their Fathers to expect any change in the last days— While conversing with the Ministers of the various orders of the day, upon the principles of the gospel, they would inform us that the ancient order of things was done away, and no longer needed; and some of them had preached forty years the good old religion, and God was with them, and they needed no more revelation, or healing the sick, or any thing as manifest in the days of the Apostles, for we can get along without them in this day of refinement, light and knowledge— When we arose to preach unto the people repentance and baptism for the remission of sins, the cry of “Baptist, Baptist,” would be rung in our ears. If we spoke of the church and body of Christ being composed of Prophets and Apostles, as well as other members, “Irvinites, Irvinites,” would immediately dash into the mind. If, in the midst of our remarks, we even for once suffered the saying to drop from our lips “the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophesy,” “O you belong to Joanna Southcoats”! would be heard from— several places at once— If we spoke of the second coming of Christ, the cry would be “Aithenites.” If we made mention of the Priesthood, they would call us “Catholics.” If we testified of the ministering of angels, the people would reply the Irvinites have their angels, and even the Duke of Normandy is ready to swear that he has the administering of angels every night”— These salutations in connexion with a multitude of others, of a similar nature”— continued to salute our ears from day to day, until we were about ready to conclude that London had been such a perfect depot of the systems of the nineteenth century, that it contained six hundred three score and six different Gods, gospels, Redeemers, plans of salvation, religions, churches, commandments, essential and non essential, orders of preaching, roads to heaven and to hell: and that this order of things had so affected the minds of the people, that it almost required a trump to be blown from the highest heavens, in order to awaken the attention of the people, and prepare their minds to candidly hear and receive the doctrine of one gospel, one faith, one baptism, one Holy Ghost, one God and one plan of salvation and that such as Christ and the Apostles preached— But notwithstanding this we do not feel discouraged concerning a work being perfected in London but firmly believe that — — — — — many souls embrace the fulness of the gospel there, though it will be through faith, diligence perserverance, and prayer. Having spent 23 days together in this first mission in the Metropolis and the time drawing near for our October Conference, Elder Wilford Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

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left the City on the 10th. of September for the purpose of attending several Conferences; he attended the Bran Green and Gadfield Elm Conference held in Worcestershire on the 14th. of September, and also the Frooms Hill Conference held in Herefordshire on the 21st. of September; at these two Conferences he heard represented, 40 branches of the Church containing 1007 Members, and 113 officers, viz; 19 Elders, 78 Priests, 15 Teachers, [p. 1112]
<October 12> to be “why I go to Church or Chapel and get my children christened, what  more is necessary”? When we conversed with the learned, we found them too  wise to be taught, and too much established in the traditions of their Fathers  to expect any change in the last days— While conversing with the Ministers  of the various orders of the day, upon the principles of the gospel, they would  inform us that the ancient order of things was done away, and no longer needed;  and some of them had preached forty years the good old religion, and God  was with them, and they needed no more revelation, or healing the sick,  or any thing as manifest in the days of the Apostles, for we can get along  without them in this day of refinement, light and knowledge— When we  arose to preach unto the people repentance and baptism for the remission  of sins, the cry of “Baptist, Baptist,” would be rung in our ears. If we spoke  of the church and body of Christ being composed of Prophets and Apostles,  as well as other members, “Irvinites, Irvinites,” would immediately dash  into the mind. If, in the midst of our remarks, we even for once suffered  the saying to drop from our lips “the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of  prophesy,” “O you belong to Joanna Southcoats”! would be heard from—  several places at once— If we spoke of the second coming of Christ, the  cry would be “Aithenites.” If we made mention of the Priesthood, they would  call us “Catholics.” If we testified of the ministering of angels, the people  would reply the Irvinites have their angels, and even the Duke of Normandy  is ready to swear that he has the administering of angels every night”— These  salutations in connexion with a multitude of others, of a similar nature”—  continued to salute our ears from day to day, until we were about ready to  conclude that London had been such a perfect depot of the systems of the  nineteenth century, that it contained six hundred three score and six different  Gods, gospels, Redeemers, plans of salvation, religions, churches, commandments,  essential and non essential, orders of preaching, roads to heaven and to hell:  and that this order of things had so affected the minds of the people, that it  almost required a trump to be blown from the highest heavens, in order  to awaken the attention of the people, and prepare their minds to  candidly hear and receive the doctrine of one gospel, one faith, one baptism,  one Holy Ghost, one God and one plan of salvation and that such as Christ  and the Apostles preached— But notwithstanding this we do not feel  discouraged concerning a work being perfected in London but firmly  believe that — — — — — many souls embrace the fulness of the gospel there,  though it will be through faith, diligence perserverance, and prayer. Having  spent 23 days together in this first mission in the Metropolis and the time  drawing near for our October Conference, Elder [Wilford] Woodruff

1 Mar. 1807–2 Sept. 1898. Farmer, miller. Born at Farmington, Hartford Co., Connecticut. Son of Aphek Woodruff and Beulah Thompson. Moved to Richland, Oswego Co., New York, 1832. Baptized into LDS church by Zera Pulsipher, 31 Dec. 1833, near Richland. Ordained...

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left the City on the  10th. of September for the purpose of attending several Conferences; he attended the  Bran Green and Gadfield Elm Conference held in Worcestershire on the 14th. of  September, and also the Frooms Hill Conference held in Herefordshire on the 21st. of  September; at these two Conferences he heard represented, 40 <branches of the Church>  containing 1007 Members, and 113 officers, viz; 19 Elders, 78 Priests, 15 Teachers, [p. 1112]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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