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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

October 19 “To the Travelling High Council and Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in Great Britain:— Beloved brethren, May grace, mercy and peace rest upon you, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Having several communications lying before me from my brethren the Twelve, some of which ’ere this have merited a reply, but from the multiciplicity of business which necessarily engages my attention, I have delayed communicating to you to the present time. Be assured beloved brethren, that I am no disinterested observer of the things which are transpiring on the face of the whole Earth; and amidst the general movements which are in progress; none is of more importance than the glorious work in which you are now engaged; consequently I feel some anxiety on your account, that you may by your virtue, faith, diligence and charity commend yourselves to one another, to the Church of Christ, and to your Father who is in heaven, by whose grace you have been called to so holy a calling, and be enabled to perform the great and responsible duties which rest upon you. And I can assure you that from the information I have received, I feel satisfied that you have not been remiss in your duty; but that your diligence and faithfulness have been such as must secure you the smiles of that God whose servants you are, and also the good will of the Saints throughout the world. The spread of the gospel throughout England is certainly pleasing; the contemplation of which cannot but afford feelings of no ordinary kind in the bosom of those who have borne the heat and burthen of the day; and who were its firm supporters and strenuous advocates in infancy, while surrounded with circumstances the most unpropitious, and its destruction threatened on all hands; but like the gallant bark, that has braved the storm unhurt, spreads her canvass to the breeze and nobly cuts her way through the yielding wave, more conscious than ever of the strength of her timbers and the experience and capability of her captain, pilot, and crew. It is, likewise, very satisfactory to my mind that there has been such a good understanding between you, and that the Saints have so cheerfully hearkened to council and vied with each other in this labor of love, and in the promotion of truth and righteousness: this is as it should be in the Church of Jesus Christ; unity is strength. “How pleasing it is for brethren to dwell together in unity,” Let the Saints of the Most High ever cultivate this principle and the most glorious blessings must result, not only to them individually, but to the whole church— the order of the kingdom will be maintained, its officers respected, and its requirements readily, and cheerfully obeyed. Love is one of the chief characteristics of Diety, and ought to be manifested by those who aspire to be the “Sons of God.” A man filled with the love of God, is not content with blessing his family alone, but ranges through the whole world anxious to bless the whole human race— this has been your feeling and caused you to forego the pleasures of home, that you might be a blessing to others, who are candidates for immortality, but strangers to truth; and for so doing, I pray that heaven’s choisest blessings may rest upon you. Being requested to give my advice respecting the propriety of your returning in the Spring, I will do so, willingly. I have reflected upon the subject some time, and am of the opinion that it would be wisdom in you to make preparations to leave the scene of your labors in the spring. Having carried the testimony to that land, and numbers having received it, — — — — — — — the leaven [p. 1115]
<October 19> “To the Travelling High Council and Elders of the Church of Jesus Christ  of Latter Day Saints in Great Britain:— Beloved brethren, May grace, mercy and  peace rest upon you, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ: Having several  communications lying before me from my brethren the Twelve, some of which ’ere this  have merited a reply, but from the multiciplicity of business which necessarily engages  my attention, I have delayed communicating to you to the present time. Be assured  beloved brethren, that I am no disinterested observer of the things which are transpiring  on the face of the whole Earth; and amidst the general movements which are in progress;  none is of more importance than the glorious work in which you are now engaged;  consequently I feel some anxiety on your account, that you may by your virtue,  faith, diligence and charity commend yourselves to one another, to the Church of  Christ, and to your Father who is in heaven, by whose grace you have been called  to so holy a calling, and be enabled to perform the great and responsible duties  which rest upon you. And I can assure you that from the information I have  received, I feel satisfied that you have not been remiss in your duty; but that your  diligence and faithfulness have been such as must secure you the smiles of that  God whose servants you are, and also the good will of the Saints throughout the  world. The spread of the gospel throughout England is certainly pleasing; the  contemplation of which cannot but afford feelings of no ordinary kind in the  bosom of those who have borne the heat and burthen of the day; and who were  its firm supporters and strenuous advocates in infancy, while surrounded with  circumstances the most unpropitious, and its destruction threatened on all hands; but  like the gallant bark, that has braved the storm unhurt, spreads her canvass to the  breeze and nobly cuts her way through the yielding wave, more conscious than ever of  the strength of her timbers and the experience and capability of her captain, pilot,  and crew. It is, likewise, very satisfactory to my mind that there has been such a  good understanding between you, and that the Saints have so cheerfully hearkened to  council and vied with each other in this labor of love, and in the promotion of  truth and righteousness: this is as it should be in the Church of Jesus Christ; unity  is strength. “How pleasing it is for brethren to dwell together in unity,” Let the Saints  of the Most High ever cultivate this principle and the most glorious blessings must result,  not only to them individually, but to the whole church— the order of the kingdom will be  maintained, its officers respected, and its requirements readily, and cheerfully obeyed.  Love is one of the chief characteristics of Diety, and ought to be manifested by those  who aspire to be the “Sons of God.” A man filled with the love of God, is not content  with blessing his family alone, but ranges through the whole world anxious to bless the  whole human race— this has been your feeling and caused you to forego the pleasures  of home, that you might be a blessing to others, who are candidates for immortality,  but strangers to truth; and for so doing, I pray that heaven’s choisest blessings may rest  upon you. Being requested to give my advice respecting the propriety of your  returning in the Spring, I will do so, willingly. I have reflected upon the subject  some time, and am of the opinion that it would be wisdom in you to make  preparations to leave the scene of your labors in the spring. Having carried the  testimony to that land, and numbers having received it, — — — — — — — the leaven [p. 1115]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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