<April 15> “already built up, but are going to build cities and inhabit them” Building cities cannot be done without means and labor. On this subject we would call the particular attention of the Saints to the Epistle, and also to the proclamation, signed by the first presidency of the Church, published in the eleventh number of this work <(the Star)>; and would earnestly exhort them to observe the order and instructions there given. We would also exhort the Saints not to go in haste, nor by flight, but to prepare all things in a proper manner before they emigrate; and especially in regard to their dealing with the world, let them be careful to settle every thing honestly as becometh Saints, as far as lies in their power, and not go away in debt, so far as they have the means to pay. And if any go away in debt, because they have not <the> means to pay, let it be with the design of paying as industry shall put it in their power, so that the cause of truth be not evil spoken of. We have found that there are so many “pick pockets,” and so many that will take every possible advantage of strangers, in , that we have appointed Elder , as the Agent of the Church, to superintend the fitting out of the Saints from to . Whatever information the Saints may want about the preparations for a voyage, they are advised to call on , at , as their first movement, when they arrive there as emigrants. There are some brethren who have felt themselves competent to do their own business in these matters, and rather despising the counsel of their friends, have been robbed and cheated out of nearly all they had. A word of caution to the wise is sufficient. It is also a great saving to go in companies, instead of going individually. First, a company can charter a vessel, so as to make the passage much cheaper than otherwise. Secondly, provisions can be purchased at wholesale for a company much cheaper than otherwise. Thirdly, this will avoid bad company on the passage. Fourthly, when a company arrives in they can charter a Steam boat so as to reduce the passage near one half. This measure will save some hundreds of pounds on each ship load. Fifthly, a man of experience can go as leader of each company, who will know how to avoid rogues and knaves.
Sovereigns are more profitable than silver, or any other money in emigrating to ; and the brethren are also cautioned against the American money, when they arrive in that country. Let them not venture to take paper money of that country until they become well informed in regard to the different banks; for very few of them will pass current very far from the place where they are issued, and banks are breaking almost daily. It us much cheaper going by then by . But it will never do for emigrants to go by in the Summer on account of the heat and sickness of the climate. It is, therefore, advisable for the Saints to emigrate in Autumn, Winter, or Spring. Let the Saints be careful also to obtain a letter of recommendation, from the Elders where they are acquainted, to the brethren where they are going, certifying their membership, and let the elders be careful not to recommend any, who do not conduct themselves as Saints; and especially those who would go with a design to defraud their creditors. In regard to [p. 1197]