43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

August 25 of you being a deathly sickly hole, and that we have not been able in consequence, to realize any valuable consideration from it, although we have been keeping up appearances and holding out inducements to encourage immigration, that we scarcely think justifiable in consequence of the mortality that almost invariably awaits those who come from far distant parts, (And that with a view to enable us to meet our engagements) And now to be goaded by you, for a breach of good faith, and neglect, and dishonorable conduct. seems to me to be almost beyond endurance. You are aware that we came from Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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destitute of every thing but physical force, and had nothing but our energies and perserverance to rely upon to meet the payment of the extortionate sum, that you exacted for the land we had of you. Have you no feelings of commiseration? or is it your design to crush us with a ponderous load, before we are able to walk? or can you better dispose of the property, than we are doing for your interest, If so, to the alternative. I therefore propose in order to avoid the perplexity and annoyance that has hitherto attended the transaction, that you come and take the premises and make the best you can of it; Or stand off and give us an opportunity, that we may manage the concern, and enable ourselves by the management thereof, to meet our engagements as was originally contemplated— We have taken a city plot at Warsaw

Located at foot of Des Moines Rapids of Mississippi River at site of three military forts: Fort Johnson (1814), Cantonment Davis (1815–1818), and Fort Edwards (1816–1824). First settlers participated in fur trade. Important trade and shipping center. Post...

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(at the head of navigation for vessels of heavy tonnage) on the most advantageous terms. The proprietors waiting on us for the payment of the plot. until we can realize the money from the Sales, leaving to ourselves a large and liberal net profit. We have been making every exertion, and used all the means at our command, to lay a foundation, that will now begin to enable us to meet our pecuniary engagements, and no doubt in our minds, to the entire satisfaction of all those concerned, if they will but exercise a small degree of patience, and stay a resort to coercive measures, which would kill us in the germ even before we can (by reason of the Season) begin to bud and blossom, in order to bring forth a plentiful yield of fruit. I am with considerations of high respect, your obt. servt. Joseph Smith.”
The Hotchkiss purchase

One of three major land acquisitions by LDS church on Nauvoo peninsula. Tract consisted of four to five hundred acres and included part of Commerce and all of planned Commerce City (now Nauvoo area). Property purchased for $114,500, Aug. 1839.

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, to which the foregoing letters relate, includes all the Land lying North of the White Purchase to the River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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, and thence on the River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

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South including the best Steam Boat landing— but is the most sickly part of Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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.
25 see addenda book— page 11.

26 August 1841 • Thursday

26 see addenda book— page 27

27 August 1841 • Friday

27 Friday 27. Elder Robert Blashel Thompson

1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22...

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died at his residence in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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in the 30th. year of his age, in the full hope of a glorious Resurrection. He was Associate Editor of the Times and Seasons, Colonel in the Nauvoo Legion, and had done much writing for myself and the Church. See addenda book page 29.

28 August 1841 • Saturday

28 At a Conference held in Attica, N.Y. 6 branches, 10 Elders, 7 Priests, 5 Teachers, 2 Deacons, and 146 members, were represented.

31 August 1841 • Tuesday

31 Tuesday 31
“At a Council of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles at the house of President Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
. Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
, Augt. 31. 1841 for the purpose of taking into consideration the situation of the Church. It was resolved unanimously, that as we have been called upon by the voice of the Conference — — — — — — — to attend to the business of the Church, assist the Trustee in Trust in his arduous duties, attend to the settling of Emigrants &c We sensibly feel the great responsibility that is resting upon us, and will do all in our power to carry out the wishes of the Church and prove ourselves worthy of the trust reposed in us by the brethren. Resolved unanimously that so far as may be practicable we will attend to the Councilling [p. 1223]
<August 25> of you being a deathly sickly hole, and that we have <not> been able in consequence, to  realize any valuable consideration from it, although we have been keeping up appearances  and holding out inducements to encourage <im>migration, that we scarcely think justifiable  in consequence of the mortality that almost invariably awaits those who come from far  distant parts, (And that with a view to enable us to meet our engagements) And now  to be goaded by you, for a breach of good faith, and neglect, and dishonorable conduct.  seems to me to be almost beyond endurance. You are aware that we came from  Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
destitute of every thing but physical force, and had nothing but our energies  and perserverance to rely upon to meet the payment of the extortionate sum, that  you exacted for the land we had of you. Have you no feelings of commiseration?  or is it your design to crush us with a ponderous load, before we are able to walk?  or can you better dispose of the property, than we are doing for your interest, If so,  <to> the alternative. I therefore propose in order to avoid the perplexity and annoyance  that has hitherto attended the transaction, that you come and take the premises  and make the best you can of it; Or stand off and give us an opportunity, that  we may manage the concern, and enable ourselves by the management thereof, to  meet our engagements as was originally contemplated— We have taken a city plot  at Warsaw

Located at foot of Des Moines Rapids of Mississippi River at site of three military forts: Fort Johnson (1814), Cantonment Davis (1815–1818), and Fort Edwards (1816–1824). First settlers participated in fur trade. Important trade and shipping center. Post...

More Info
(at the head of navigation for vessels of heavy tonnage) on the most  advantageous terms. The proprietors waiting on us for the payment of the plot.  until we can realize the money from the Sales, leaving to ourselves a large  and liberal net profit. We have been making every exertion, and used all the  means at our command, to lay a foundation, that will now begin to enable us  to meet our pecuniary engagements, and no doubt in our minds, to the entire  satisfaction of all those concerned, if they will but exercise a small degree of  patience, and stay a resort to coercive measures, which would kill us in the germ  even before we can (by reason of the Season) begin to bud and blossom, in order to  bring forth a plentiful yield of fruit. I am with considerations of high  respect, your obt. servt. Joseph Smith.”
The Hotchkiss purchase

One of three major land acquisitions by LDS church on Nauvoo peninsula. Tract consisted of four to five hundred acres and included part of Commerce and all of planned Commerce City (now Nauvoo area). Property purchased for $114,500, Aug. 1839.

More Info
, to which the foregoing letters relate, includes all  the Land lying North of the White Purchase to the River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
, and thence on the  River

Principal U.S. river running southward from Itasca Lake, Minnesota, to Gulf of Mexico. Covered 3,160-mile course, 1839 (now about 2,350 miles). Drains about 1,100,000 square miles. Steamboat travel on Mississippi very important in 1830s and 1840s for shipping...

More Info
South including the best Steam Boat landing— <but is the most sickly part of Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
.>
<25> <see addenda book— page 11.>

26 August 1841 • Thursday

<26> <[see addenda book—] page 27>

27 August 1841 • Friday

<27> Friday 27. Elder Robert <Blashel> Thompson

1 Oct. 1811–27 Aug. 1841. Clerk, editor. Born in Great Driffield, Yorkshire, England. Member of Methodist church. Immigrated to Upper Canada, 1834. Baptized into LDS church by Parley P. Pratt, May 1836, in Upper Canada. Ordained an elder by John Taylor, 22...

View Full Bio
died at his residence in Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
in  the 30th. year of his age, in the full hope of a glorious Resurrection. He was  Associate Editor of the Times and Seasons, Colonel in the Nauvoo Legion, and  had done much writing for myself and the Church. <See addenda book page 29.>

28 August 1841 • Saturday

<28> <At a Conference held in Attica, N.Y. 6 branches, 10 Elders, 7 Priests, 5 Teachers, 2 Deacons, and 146 members, were represented.>

31 August 1841 • Tuesday

<31> Tuesday 31
“At a Council of the Quorum of the Twelve <Apostles> at the house of  President B[righam] Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
. Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
, Augt. 31. 1841 for the purpose of taking into consideration  the situation of the Church. It was resolved unanimously, that as we have  been called upon by the voice of the Conference — — — — — — — to attend to the  business of the Church, assist the Trustee in Trust in his arduous duties, attend  to the settling of Emigrants &c We sensibly feel the great responsibility that is  resting upon us, and will do all in our power to carry out the wishes of the Church  and prove ourselves worthy of the trust reposed in us by the brethren. Resolved  unanimously that so far as may be practicable we will attend to the Councilling [p. 1223]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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