43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

October 9 course in relation to meeting your demands. The “twelve” as they are denominated in the “Times and Seasons” were ordered by the Conference to make arrangements in the Eastern branches of the Church, ordering them to go to you and turn over their property as you and they might agree, and take up our obligations, and bring them here, and receive property here for them; And I have been ordered by the Conference to write this letter to you, informing you of the measures which are about to be taken to make all things right. I would inform you that Dr. Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

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has not returned to the Western Country as yet. He has a considerable amount of money in his hands which was to have been paid to you, as we intended. He is on his way, for aught we know, and is retarded in his journey by some misfortune or other. He may return, however, as yet, and give a just and honorable account of himself. We hope this may be the case. I am sorrowful on account of your disappointments. It is a great disappointment to me as well as to yourselves. As to the growth of our place, it is very rapid, and it would be more so, were it not for sickness and death. There have been many deaths which leave a melancholy reflection, but we cannot help it. When God speaks from the heavens to call us hence, we must submit to his mandates. And as for your sincerity and friendship, Gentlemen, we have not the most distant doubt. We will not have any. We know it is for your interest to do us good, and for our welfare and happiness to be punctual in the fulfilment of all our Vows. And we think for the future you will have no cause for complaint. We intend to struggle with all our misfortunes of life, and shoulder them up handsomely like men. We ask nothing therefore, but what ought to be required between Man and Man, and by those principles which bind man to man, by kindred blood, in bearing our own part in every thing which duty calls us to do, as not inferior to any of the human race; and we will be treated as such, although we differ with some in matters of opinion in things (viz Religious Matters) for which we only feel ourselves amenable to the Eternal God. And may God forbid that pride, ambition, a Want of humanity, or any degree of importance, unjustly, should have any dominion in our bosoms. We are the Sons of Adam. We are the free born sons of America

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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; and having been trampled upon and our rights taken from us, even our Constitutional rights, by a great many who boast themselves of being valiant in freedom’s cause, while their hearts possess not a spark of its benign and enlivening influence, it will afford a sufficient excuse, we hope, for any harsh remarks that may have been dropped by us, when we thought there was an assumption of Superiority designed to gall our feelings. We are very sensitive as a people— we confess it— But we want to be pardoned for our sins, if any we have committed. With regard to the time when the first payment of interest should be called for, it appears that we misunderstood each other, But suffice it to say, that it shall not prevent our making arrangements concerning the whole matter— It is still however my firm conviction that my understanding concerning the interest was correct— I remain Gentlemen, with sentiments of respect— Yours &c Joseph Smith”—

10 October 1841 • Sunday

10. The Twelve met for the purpose of Council, and spent most of the day in visiting the sick.
Elder Erastus Snow

9 Nov. 1818–27 May 1888. Farmer, teacher, merchant, publisher, manufacturer. Born at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont. Son of Levi Snow and Lucina Streeter. Baptized into LDS church by William Snow, 3 Feb. 1833, at Charleston, Orleans Co., Vermont. Ordained...

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writes from Northbridge, Mass: He had been laboring in Salem and vicinity four weeks, organized a branch of 30 Members, and the prospects are flattering. [p. 1234]
<October 9> course in relation to meeting your demands. The “twelve” as they are denominated  in the “Times and Seasons” were ordered by the Conference to make arrangements  in the Eastern branches of the Church, ordering them to go to you and turn  over their property as you and they might agree, and take up our obligations,  and bring them here, and receive property here for them; And I have been  ordered by the Conference to write this letter to you, informing you of the measures  which are about to be taken to make all things right. I would inform you  that Dr. Galland

15 May 1791–27 Sept. 1858. Merchant, postmaster, land speculator, doctor. Born at Somerset Co., Pennsylvania. Son of Matthew Galland and Hannah Fenno. Married first Nancy Harris, 22 Mar. 1811, in Madison Co., Ohio. Married second Margaret Knight, by 1816....

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has not returned to the Western Country as yet. He has  a considerable amount of money in his hands which was to have been  paid to you, as we intended. He is on his way, for aught we know, and  is retarded in his journey by some misfortune or other. He may return,  however, as yet, and give a just and honorable account of himself. We hope  this may be the case. I am sorrowful on account of your disappointments.  It is a great disappointment to me as well as to yourselves. As to the  growth of our place, it is very rapid, and it would be more so, were it not for  sickness and death. There have been many deaths which leave a melancholy  reflection, but we cannot help it. When God speaks from the heavens to call  us hence, we must submit to his mandates. And as for your sincerity  and friendship, Gentlemen, we have not the most distant doubt. We will  not have any. We know it is for your interest to do us good, and for  our welfare and happiness to be punctual in the fulfilment of all our Vows.  And we think for the future you will have no cause for complaint. We  intend to struggle with all our misfortunes of life, and shoulder them up  handsomely like men. We ask nothing therefore, but what ought to be required  between Man and Man, and by those principles which bind man to man,  by kindred blood, in bearing our own part in every thing which duty calls us  to do, as not inferior to any of the human race; and we will be treated as such,  although we differ with some in matters of opinion in things (viz Religious  Matters) for which we only feel ourselves amenable to the Eternal God. And  may God forbid that pride, ambition, a Want of humanity, or any degree  of importance, unjustly, should have any dominion in our bosoms. We are  the Sons of Adam. We are the free born sons of America

North American constitutional republic. Constitution ratified, 17 Sept. 1787. Population in 1805 about 6,000,000; in 1830 about 13,000,000; and in 1844 about 20,000,000. Louisiana Purchase, 1803, doubled size of U.S. Consisted of seventeen states at time ...

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; and having  been trampled upon and our rights taken from us, even our Constitutional  rights, by a great many who boast themselves of being valiant in freedom’s  cause, while their hearts possess not a spark of its benign and enlivening  influence, it will afford a sufficient excuse, we hope, for any harsh remarks  that may have been dropped by us, when we thought there was an assumption  of Superiority designed to gall our feelings. We are very sensitive as a people—  we confess it— But we want to be pardoned for our sins, if any we have committed.  With regard to the time when the first payment of interest should be called  for, it appears that we misunderstood each other, But suffice it to say, that it shall  not prevent our making arrangements concerning the whole matter— It is still  however my firm conviction that my understanding concerning the interest was correct—  I remain Gentlemen, with sentiments of respect— Yours &c Joseph Smith”—

10 October 1841 • Sunday

<10.> <The Twelve met for the purpose of Council, and spent most of the day in visiting the sick.>
<Elder Erastus Snow

9 Nov. 1818–27 May 1888. Farmer, teacher, merchant, publisher, manufacturer. Born at St. Johnsbury, Caledonia Co., Vermont. Son of Levi Snow and Lucina Streeter. Baptized into LDS church by William Snow, 3 Feb. 1833, at Charleston, Orleans Co., Vermont. Ordained...

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writes from Northbridge, Mass: He had been laboring in Salem and vicinity four weeks, organized a branch of 30 Members, and the prospects are flattering.> [p. 1234]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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