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History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

December 16 Joseph’s Letter in Liberty Jail. the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of their Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and became again entangled and overcome— their latter end is worse than the first— But it has happened unto them according to the word of the Savior “the dog has returned to his vomit, and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire”. Again if we sin wilfully, after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sin, but a certain fearful looking for, of judgment and fiery indignation to come which shall devour these adversaries. For he who despiseth Moses’ law, died without mercy under two or three witnesses, of how much more severe punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy who hath sold his brother, and denied the new and everlasting Covenant by which he was sanctified, calling it an unholy thing and doing despite to the spirit of grace— And again we say unto you, that inasmuch as there be virtue in us, and the holy Priesthood hath been conferred upon us, and the keys of the kingdom hath not been taken from us, for verily thus saith the Lord, be of good cheer, for the keys that I gave unto you are yet with you” Therefore we say unto you Dear Brethren in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we deliver these characters unto the buffetings of Satan, until the day of redemption, that they may be dealt with according to their works, and from henceforth their works shall be made manifest. And now Dear and Well beloved Brethren and when we say brethren, we mean those who have continued Faithful in Christ, Men, Women, and Children, we feel to exhort you in the name of the Lord Jesus, to be strong in the faith in the new and everlasting Covenant, and nothing frightened at your enemies. For what has happened unto us is an evident token to them of damnation, but unto us, of Salvation and that of God. Therefore hold on, even unto death for he that seeks to save his life shall lose it, but he that loseth his life for my sake, and the gospel’s, shall find it, sayeth Jesus Christ.
Brethren from henceforth, let truth and righteousness prevail and abound in you, and in all things be temperate, abstain from drunkenness and from swearing and from all profane language, and from every thing which is unrighteous or unholy; also from enmity, and hatred, and covetousness, and from every unholy desire. Be honest, one with another, for it seemeth, that some have come short of these things, and some have been uncharitable and have manifested greediness because of their debts towards those who have been persecuted and dragged about with chains without cause and imprisoned. Such characters God hates, and they shall have their turn of sorrow in the rolling of the great wheel, for it rolleth and none can hinder. Zion shall yet live, though she seemeth to be dead. Remember that whatsoever measure you mete out to others, it shall be measured to you again. We say unto you, Brethren, be not afraid of your adversaries, contend earnestly against mobs, and the unlawful works of dissenters and of darkness. And the very God of Peace shall be with you, and make a way for your escape from the adversary of your souls. We commend you to God and the word of his grace which is able to make us wise unto Salvation. Amen— Joseph Smith Jr.”—

17 December 1838 • Monday

This day Elder David Harvey Redfield

31 Aug. 1807–27 Dec. 1878. Teamster, farmer, merchant, coroner. Born at Herkimer, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Samuel Russell Redfield and Sarah Gould. Baptized into LDS church, by 1831. Ordained a priest by Sidney Rigdon, 11 Nov. 1831, at Hiram, Portage...

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, arrived at Jefferson City and on 17. Monday 17. Presented the petition of the brethren to General David R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

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and others, who were [p. 873]
<December 16  Joseph’s Letter in  Liberty Jail.> the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of their Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and  became again entangled and overcome— their latter end is worse than the first— But  it has happened unto them according to the word of the Savior “the dog has returned  to his vomit, and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire”. Again  if we sin wilfully, after we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth  no more sacrifice for sin, but a certain fearful looking for, of judgment and fiery  indignation to come which shall devour these adversaries. For he who  despiseth Moses’ law, died without mercy under two or three witnesses, of  how much more severe punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy  who hath sold his brother, and denied the new and everlasting Covenant by  which he was sanctified, calling it an unholy thing and doing despite to the  spirit of grace— And again we say unto you, that inasmuch as there be  virtue in us, and the holy Priesthood hath been conferred upon us, and the keys  of the kingdom hath not been taken from us, for verily thus saith the Lord, be  of good cheer, for the keys that I gave unto you are yet with you” Therefore we  say unto you Dear Brethren in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ, we deliver  these characters unto the buffetings of Satan, until the day of redemption, that  they may be dealt with according to their works, and from henceforth their  works shall be made manifest. And now Dear and Well beloved Brethren  and when we say brethren, we mean those who have continued Faithful in Christ,  Men, Women, and Children, we feel to exhort you in the name of the Lord  Jesus, to be strong in the faith in the new and everlasting Covenant, and nothing  frightened at your enemies. For what has happened unto us is an evident token  to them of damnation, but unto us, of Salvation and that of God. Therefore  hold on, even unto death for he that seeks to save his life shall lose it, but he  that loseth his life for my sake, and the gospel’s, shall find it, sayeth Jesus Christ.
Brethren from henceforth, let truth and righteousness prevail and abound in  you, and in all things be temperate, abstain from drunkenness and from swearing  and from all profane language, and from every thing which is unrighteous or unholy;  also from enmity, and hatred, and covetousness, and from every unholy desire.  Be honest, one with another, for it seemeth, that some have come short of these things,  and some have been uncharitable and have manifested greediness because of their debts  towards those who have been persecuted and dragged about with chains without cause  and imprisoned. Such characters God hates, and they shall have their turn of sorrow  in the rolling of the great wheel, for it rolleth and none can hinder. Zion shall yet  live, though she seemeth to be dead. Remember that whatsoever measure you mete  out to others, it shall be measured to you again. We say unto you, Brethren, be  not afraid of your adversaries, contend earnestly against mobs, and the unlawful  works of dissenters and of darkness. And the very God of Peace shall be with you, and  make a way for your escape from the adversary of your souls. We commend you  to God and the word of his grace which is able to make us wise unto Salvation. Amen—  Joseph Smith Jr.”—

17 December 1838 • Monday

This day Elder <David H[arvey]> Redfield

31 Aug. 1807–27 Dec. 1878. Teamster, farmer, merchant, coroner. Born at Herkimer, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of Samuel Russell Redfield and Sarah Gould. Baptized into LDS church, by 1831. Ordained a priest by Sidney Rigdon, 11 Nov. 1831, at Hiram, Portage...

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, arrived at Jefferson City and on  <17.> Monday 17. Presented the petition of the brethren to <General> D[avid] R. Atchison

11 Aug. 1807–26 Jan. 1886. Lawyer, judge, agriculturist, politician, farmer. Born at Frogtown, near Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of William Atchison and Catherine Allen. About 1830, moved to Liberty, Clay Co., Missouri, where he became a prominent...

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and others, who were [p. 873]
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This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

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’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

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, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

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at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

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and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

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, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

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, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

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, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

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Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

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and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

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; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

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city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

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; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

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expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

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on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

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