43990773

History, 1838–1856, volume C-1 [2 November 1838–31 July 1842]

February 27 Democratic Association put us in possession of a competency, and deliver us from the ruinous effects of persecution, despotism and tyranny— Written in behalf of a committee of “The Latter Day Saints” Elias Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
. Prest. John P. Greene

3 Sept. 1793–10 Sept. 1844. Farmer, shoemaker, printer, publisher. Born at Herkimer, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of John Coddington Greene and Anna Chapman. Married first Rhoda Young, 11 Feb. 1813. Moved to Aurelius, Cayuga Co., New York, 1814; to Brownsville...

View Full Bio
— Clerk—
To the Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
Democratic association
Mr. Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
then made a statement of the wrongs received by the Mormons, from a portion of the people of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, and of their present suffering condition
On motion of Mr. [Nehemiah] Bushnell, the report and resolutions were laid upon the table, till tomorrow evening—
On motion of Mr. Bushnell, the meeting adjourned to meet at this place on to morrow evening at seven o clock”
Stephen Markham

9 Feb. 1800–10 Mar. 1878. Carpenter, farmer, stock raiser. Born at Rush (later Avon), Ontario Co., New York. Son of David Markham and Dinah Merry. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1809. Moved to Unionville, Geauga Co., 1810. Married Hannah Hogaboom, before...

View Full Bio
left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
for Illinois

Became part of Northwest Territory of U.S., 1787. Admitted as state, 1818. Population in 1840 about 480,000. Population in 1845 about 660,000. Plentiful, inexpensive land attracted settlers from northern and southern states. Following expulsion from Missouri...

More Info
, to fulfil his appointment of the 21st. instant—

28 February 1839 • Thursday

28 “Thursday evening Feb. 28. Met pursuant to adjournment— The meeting was called to order by the Chairman. On motion of Mr. [Isaac] Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, a committee of three was appointed to take up a collection; Messrs. J. T. Holmes, Whitney, and Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, were appointed. The Committee subsequently reported that $48.25 had been collected. On motion the amount was paid over to the Committee on behalf of the Mormons. On motion of Mr. Holmes, a committee of three, consisting of S. Holmes, [Nehemiah] Bushnell, and Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, were appointed to draw up subscription papers and circulate them among the Citizens, for the purpose of receiving contributions in clothing and provisions. On motion 6 were added to that Committee. On motion of J. T. Holmes, J. D. Morgan was appointed a Committee to wait upon the Quincey

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
Greys, for the purpose of receiving subscriptions— Mr. Morgan subsequently reported that twenty dollars had been subscribed by that Company.
The following resolutions were then offered by Mr. J. T. Holmes; Resolved that we regard the rights of conscience as natural and inalienable, and the most sacred, guaranteed by the constitution of our free government— Resolved that we regard the acts of all mobs as flagrant violations of law; and those who compose them, individually responsible, both to the laws of God and man for every depredation committed upon the property, rights or life of any Citizen— Resolved, That the inhabitants upon the Western Frontier of the State of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
in their late persecutions of the class of people denominated Mormons, have violated the sacred rights of conscience, and every law of justice and humanity. Resolved, That the Gov.

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

View Full Bio
of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, in refusing protection to this class of people when pressed upon by a heartless mob, and turning upon them a band of unprincipled Militia, with orders encouraging their extermination, has brought a lasting disgrace upon the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
over which he presides. The resolutions were supported in a spirited manner by Messrs. Holmes, Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, and Whitney— On motion the resolutions were adopted— On motion the meeting then adjourned— Saml. Leach [Leech] Chn J. D. Morgan Secry.”

5 March 1839 • Tuesday

5 March Edward Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
’s Letter Tuesday 5th. March
Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
, Ill. Beloved Brother— Having an opportunity to send direct to you by Br. Rogers, I feel to write a few lines to you, Prest. [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
[p. 891]
<February 27  Democratic Association> put us in possession of a competency, and deliver us from the ruinous effects of  persecution, despotism and tyranny— Written in behalf of a committee of  “The Latter Day Saints” E[lias] Higbee

23 Oct. 1795–8 June 1843. Clerk, judge, surveyor. Born at Galloway, Gloucester Co., New Jersey. Son of Isaac Higbee and Sophia Somers. Moved to Clermont Co., Ohio, 1803. Married Sarah Elizabeth Ward, 10 Sept. 1818, in Tate Township, Clermont Co. Lived at ...

View Full Bio
. Prest. J[ohn] P. Greene

3 Sept. 1793–10 Sept. 1844. Farmer, shoemaker, printer, publisher. Born at Herkimer, Herkimer Co., New York. Son of John Coddington Greene and Anna Chapman. Married first Rhoda Young, 11 Feb. 1813. Moved to Aurelius, Cayuga Co., New York, 1814; to Brownsville...

View Full Bio
— Clerk—
To the Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
Democratic association
Mr. Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
then made a statement of the wrongs received by the Mormons,  from a portion of the people of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, and of their present suffering condition
On motion of Mr. [Nehemiah] Bushnell, the report and resolutions were laid upon  the table, till tomorrow evening—
On motion of Mr. Bushnell, the meeting adjourned to meet at this  place on to morrow evening at seven o clock”
Stephen Markham

9 Feb. 1800–10 Mar. 1878. Carpenter, farmer, stock raiser. Born at Rush (later Avon), Ontario Co., New York. Son of David Markham and Dinah Merry. Moved to Mentor, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1809. Moved to Unionville, Geauga Co., 1810. Married Hannah Hogaboom, before...

View Full Bio
left Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
for Illinois

Became part of Northwest Territory of U.S., 1787. Admitted as state, 1818. Population in 1840 about 480,000. Population in 1845 about 660,000. Plentiful, inexpensive land attracted settlers from northern and southern states. Following expulsion from Missouri...

More Info
, to fulfil his appointment of  the 21st. instant—

28 February 1839 • Thursday

<28> “Thursday evening Feb. 28. Met pursuant to adjournment— The meeting  was called to order by the Chairman. On motion of Mr. [Isaac] Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, a committee  of three was appointed to take up a collection; Messrs. J. T. Holmes, Whitney,  and Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, were appointed. The Committee subsequently reported that  $48.25 had been collected. On motion the amount was paid over to the  Committee on behalf of the Mormons. On motion of Mr. Holmes, a  committee of three, consisting of S. Holmes, [Nehemiah] Bushnell, and Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, were  appointed to draw up subscription papers and circulate them among the  Citizens, for the purpose of receiving contributions in clothing and provisions.  On motion 6 were added to that Committee. On motion of J. T. Holmes,  J. D. Morgan was appointed a Committee to wait upon the Quincey

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
Greys,  for the purpose of receiving subscriptions— Mr. Morgan subsequently  reported that twenty dollars had been subscribed by that Company.
The following resolutions were then offered by Mr. J. T. Holmes; Resolved that  we regard the rights of conscience as natural and inalienable, and the  most sacred, guaranteed by the constitution of our free government—  Resolved that we regard the acts of all mobs as flagrant violations of law;  and those who compose them, individually responsible, both to the laws  of God <and> man for every depredation committed upon the property, rights or  life of any Citizen— Resolved, That the inhabitants upon the Western  Frontier of the State of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
in their late persecutions of the class of people  denominated Mormons, have violated the sacred rights of conscience, and every  law of justice and humanity. Resolved, That the Gov.

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

View Full Bio
of Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
, in  refusing protection to this class of people when pressed upon by a heartless mob,  and turning upon them a band of unprincipled Militia, with orders encouraging  their extermination, has brought a lasting disgrace upon the State

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
over which  he presides. The resolutions were supported in a spirited manner by  Messrs. Holmes, Morris

22 Jan. 1812–29 Oct. 1879. Lawyer, newspaper editor, politician, farmer, railroad owner and commissioner. Born in Bethel, Clermont Co., Ohio. Son of Thomas Morris and Rachel Davis. Moved to Oxford, Butler Co., Ohio, before 1835. Moved to Warsaw, Hancock Co...

View Full Bio
, and Whitney— On motion the resolutions were  adopted— On motion the meeting then adjourned— Saml. Leach [Leech] Chn  J. D. Morgan Secry.

5 March 1839 • Tuesday

<5 March  E[dward] Partridge

27 Aug. 1793–27 May 1840. Hatter. Born at Pittsfield, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of William Partridge and Jemima Bidwell. Moved to Painesville, Geauga Co., Ohio. Married Lydia Clisbee, 22 Aug. 1819, at Painesville. Initially a Universal Restorationist...

View Full Bio
’s Letter> Tuesday 5th. March
Quincy

Located on high limestone bluffs east of Mississippi River, about forty-five miles south of Nauvoo. Settled 1821. Adams Co. seat, 1825. Incorporated as town, 1834. Received city charter, 1840. Population in 1835 about 800; in 1840 about 2,300; and in 1845...

More Info
, Ill. Beloved Brother— Having an opportunity  to send direct to you by Br. Rogers, I feel to write a few lines to you, Prest. [Sidney] Rigdon

19 Feb. 1793–14 July 1876. Tanner, farmer, minister. Born at St. Clair, Allegheny Co., Pennsylvania. Son of William Rigdon and Nancy Gallaher. Joined United Baptists, ca. 1818. Preached at Warren, Trumbull Co., Ohio, and vicinity, 1819–1821. Married Phebe...

View Full Bio
[p. 891]
PreviousNext
This document, volume C-1, is the third of six volumes of the “Manuscript History of the Church.” The collection was compiled over an eighteen-year span from 1838 to 1856 and covers the period from 23 December 1805 to 8 August 1844. The narrative in this volume commences on 2 November 1838 with JS and other church leaders being held prisoner by the “Governor

14 Dec. 1796–14 Mar. 1860. Bookkeeper, bank cashier, merchant, Indian agent and trader, lawyer, doctor, postmaster, politician. Born at Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky. Son of John M. Boggs and Martha Oliver. Served in War of 1812. Moved to St. Louis, ca...

View Full Bio
’s forces” at Far West

Originally called Shoal Creek. Located fifty-five miles northeast of Independence. Surveyed 1823; first settled by whites, 1831. Site purchased, 8 Aug. 1836, before Caldwell Co. was organized for Latter-day Saints in Missouri. William W. Phelps and John Whitmer...

More Info
, Missouri, and concludes with the death of Bishop Vinson Knight

14 Mar. 1804–31 July 1842. Farmer, druggist, school warden. Born at Norwich, Hampshire Co., Massachusetts. Son of Rudolphus Knight and Rispah (Rizpah) Lee. Married Martha McBride, 14 Mar. 1826. Moved to Perrysburg, Cattaraugus Co., New York, by Mar. 1834....

View Full Bio
at Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
, Illinois, on 31 July 1842. For a more complete discussion of the entire six-volume work, see the general introduction to this history.
Volume C-1 was created beginning on or just after 24 February 1845 and its narrative completed on 3 May although work continued on the volume through 3 July of that year (Richards, Journal, 24 and 28 Feb. 1845; Historian’s Office, Journal, 3 May 1845; 3 and 4 July 1845). It is in the handwriting of Thomas Bullock and contains 512 pages of primary text, plus 24 pages of addenda. Additional addenda for this volume were created at a later date in a separate volume, and will appear in this collection as a separate document. Compilers Willard Richards

24 June 1804–11 Mar. 1854. Teacher, lecturer, doctor, clerk, printer, editor, postmaster. Born at Hopkinton, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Joseph Richards and Rhoda Howe. Moved to Richmond, Berkshire Co., Massachusetts, 1813. Moved to Chatham, Columbia...

View Full Bio
and Thomas Bullock drew heavily from JS’s letters, discourses, and diary entries; meeting minutes; church and other periodicals and journals; and reminiscences, recollections, and letters of church members and other contacts. At JS’s behest, they had maintained the first-person, chronological-narrative format established in previous volumes, as if JS were the author. Brigham Young

1 June 1801–29 Aug. 1877. Carpenter, painter, glazier, colonizer. Born at Whitingham, Windham Co., Vermont. Son of John Young and Abigail (Nabby) Howe. Brought up in Methodist household; later joined Methodist church. Moved to Sherburne, Chenango Co., New...

View Full Bio
, Heber C. Kimball

14 June 1801–22 June 1868. Blacksmith, potter. Born at Sheldon, Franklin Co., Vermont. Son of Solomon Farnham Kimball and Anna Spaulding. Married Vilate Murray, 22 Nov. 1822, at Mendon, Monroe Co., New York. Member of Baptist church at Mendon, 1831. Baptized...

View Full Bio
, George A. Smith

26 June 1817–1 Sept. 1875. Born at Potsdam, St. Lawrence Co., New York. Son of John Smith and Clarissa Lyman. Baptized into LDS church by Joseph H. Wakefield, 10 Sept. 1832, at Potsdam. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, 1833. Labored on Kirtland temple...

View Full Bio
, and others reviewed and modified the manuscript prior to its eventual publication in the Salt Lake City newspaper Deseret News.
The historical narrative recorded in volume C-1 continued the account of JS’s life as prophet and president of the church. Critical events occurring within the forty-five-month period of this volume include the Missouri

Area acquired by U.S. in Louisiana Purchase, 1803, and established as territory, 1812. Missouri Compromise, 1820, admitted Missouri as slave state, 1821. Population in 1830 about 140,000; in 1836 about 240,000; and in 1840 about 380,000. Mormon missionaries...

More Info
Mormon War; subsequent legal trials of church leaders; expulsion of the Saints from Missouri; missionary efforts in England by the Twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
and others; attempts by JS to obtain federal redress for the Missouri depredations; publication of the LDS Millennial Star in England; the migration of English converts to America; missionary efforts in other nations; the death of church patriarch Joseph Smith Sr.

12 July 1771–14 Sept. 1840. Cooper, farmer, teacher, merchant. Born at Topsfield, Essex Co., Massachusetts. Son of Asael Smith and Mary Duty. Nominal member of Congregationalist church at Topsfield. Married to Lucy Mack by Seth Austin, 24 Jan. 1796, at Tunbridge...

View Full Bio
; the establishment of the Nauvoo

Principal gathering place for Saints following expulsion from Missouri. Beginning in 1839, LDS church purchased lands in earlier settlement of Commerce and planned settlement of Commerce City, as well as surrounding areas. Served as church headquarters, 1839...

More Info
city charter; the commencement of construction of the Nauvoo temple

JS revelation, dated Jan. 1841, commanded Saints to build temple and hotel (Nauvoo House). Cornerstone laid, 6 Apr. 1841. Saints volunteered labor, money, and other resources for temple construction. Construction directed by committee, which included Reynolds...

More Info
; the Wisconsin “pinery”

Also known as pinery. Area near Black River where lumbering operation was established to provide timber for construction of Nauvoo temple, Nauvoo House, and other public buildings. Four mills established on Black River, ca. Sept. 1841: three near Black River...

More Info
expedition that facilitated temple construction; the introduction of the doctrine of proxy baptism for deceased persons; the dedicatory prayer by Orson Hyde

8 Jan. 1805–28 Nov. 1878. Laborer, clerk, storekeeper, teacher, editor, businessman, lawyer, judge. Born at Oxford, New Haven Co., Connecticut. Son of Nathan Hyde and Sally Thorpe. Moved to Derby, New Haven Co., 1812. Moved to Kirtland, Geauga Co., Ohio, ...

View Full Bio
on the Mount of Olives in Palestine; publication of the “Book of Abraham” in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons; publication of the JS history often referred to as the “Wentworth letter;” the organization of the Female Relief Society of Nauvoo; and the inception of Nauvoo-era temple endowment ceremonies.

Facts