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Instruction on Priesthood, circa April 1835 [D&C 107]

11 Of necessity there are presidents

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
, or presiding offices growing out of, or appointed of, or from among those who are ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
to the several offices in these two priesthoods

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands to adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of the...

View Glossary
. Of the Melchizedek priesthood

The greater or higher of two orders of priesthood in the church. Also known as “the holy priesthood, after the order of the Son of God,” “the high priesthood,” and “the high and holy priesthood.” This priesthood held the “right of presidency,” the responsibility...

View Glossary
, three presiding high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, chosen by the body, appointed and ordained to that office, and upheld by the confidence, faith and prayer of the church, form a quorum

Refers especially to a group to which individuals ordained to the Aaronic or Melchizedek priesthoods belonged. Quorums were organized by office, such as an “elders quorum.” The organization of quorums provided leadership and a manageable structure for varied...

View Glossary
of the presidency of the church

The presiding body of the church. From the day of the church’s organization on 6 April 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery led the church in their capacity as elders. An 11 November 1831 revelation directed that “the duty of the president of the office of the high...

View Glossary
. The twelve travelling counsellors are called to be the twelve apostles

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
, or special witnesses of the name of Christ, in all the world: thus differing from other officers in the church in the duties of their calling. And they form a quorum equal in authority and power to the three presidents, previously mentioned. The seventy

An office in the Melchizedek Priesthood patterned after the seventy envoys called by Jesus in the New Testament. The first members of the Quorum of the Seventy were called in February 1835. Revelation stipulated that “the seventy are also called to preach...

View Glossary
are also called to preach the gospel, and to be especial witnesses unto the Gentiles

Those who were not members of the House of Israel. More specifically, members of the church identified gentiles as those whose lineage was not of the Jews or Lamanites (understood to be the American Indians in JS’s day). Certain prophecies indicated that ...

View Glossary
and in all the world. Thus differing from other officers in the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
in the duties of their calling: and they form a quorum equal in authority to that of the twelve especial witnesses or apostles, just named. And every descision made by either of these quorums, must be by the unanimous voice of the same; that is, every member in each quorum must be agreed to its decisions in order to make their decisions of the same power or validity one with the other. -[A majority may form a quorum when circumstances render it impossible to be otherwise.]- Unless this is the case, their decisions are not entitled to the same blessings which the decisions of a quorum of three presidents

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
were anciently, who were ordained after the order of Melchizedek, and were righteous and holy men. The decisions of these quorums, or either of them are to be made in all righteousness; in holiness and lowliness of heart; meekness and long suffering; and in faith and virtue and knowledge; temperance, patience, godliness brotherly kindness and charity, because the promise is, if these things abound in them, they shall not be unfruitful in the knowledge of the Lord. And in case that any decision, of these quorums, is made in unrighteousness, it may be brought before a general assembly of the several quorums

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
which constitute the spiritual authorities of the church, otherwise there can be no appeal from their decision.
12 The twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
are a travelling, presiding high council

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the Church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
, to officiate in the name of the Lord, under the direction of the presidency of the church

The presiding body of the church. From the day of the church’s organization on 6 April 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery led the church in their capacity as elders. An 11 November 1831 revelation directed that “the duty of the president of the office of the high...

View Glossary
, agreeably to the institution of heaven; to build up the church, and regulate all the affairs of the same, in all nations: first unto the Gentiles, and secondly unto the Jews.
13 The seventy are to act in the name of the Lord, under the direction of the twelve, or the travelling high council, in building up the church and regulating all the affairs of the [p. 84]
11 Of necessity there are presidents

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
, or presiding offices  growing out of, or appointed of, or from among those who are  ordained

The conferral of power and authority; to appoint, decree, or set apart. Church members, primarily adults, were ordained to ecclesiastical offices and other responsibilities by the laying on of hands by those with the proper authority. Ordinations to priesthood...

View Glossary
to the several offices in these two priesthoods

Power or authority of God. The priesthood was conferred through the laying on of hands to adult male members of the church in good standing; no specialized training was required. Priesthood officers held responsibility for administering the sacrament of the...

View Glossary
. Of  the Melchizedek priesthood

The greater or higher of two orders of priesthood in the church. Also known as “the holy priesthood, after the order of the Son of God,” “the high priesthood,” and “the high and holy priesthood.” This priesthood held the “right of presidency,” the responsibility...

View Glossary
, three presiding high priests

An ecclesiastical and priesthood office. Christ and many ancient prophets, including Abraham, were described as being high priests. The Book of Mormon used the term high priest to denote one appointed to lead the church. However, the Book of Mormon also discussed...

View Glossary
, cho sen by the body, appointed and ordained to that office, and up held by the confidence, faith and prayer of the church, form a  quorum

Refers especially to a group to which individuals ordained to the Aaronic or Melchizedek priesthoods belonged. Quorums were organized by office, such as an “elders quorum.” The organization of quorums provided leadership and a manageable structure for varied...

View Glossary
of the presidency of the church

The presiding body of the church. From the day of the church’s organization on 6 April 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery led the church in their capacity as elders. An 11 November 1831 revelation directed that “the duty of the president of the office of the high...

View Glossary
. The twelve travel ling counsellors are called to be the twelve apostles

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
, or special  witnesses of the name of Christ, in all the world: thus differ ing from other officers in the church in the duties of their call ing. And they form a quorum equal in authority and power  to the three presidents, previously mentioned. The seventy

An office in the Melchizedek Priesthood patterned after the seventy envoys called by Jesus in the New Testament. The first members of the Quorum of the Seventy were called in February 1835. Revelation stipulated that “the seventy are also called to preach...

View Glossary
 are also called to preach the gospel, and to be especial witness es unto the Gentiles

Those who were not members of the House of Israel. More specifically, members of the church identified gentiles as those whose lineage was not of the Jews or Lamanites (understood to be the American Indians in JS’s day). Certain prophecies indicated that ...

View Glossary
and in all the world. Thus differing from  other officers in the church

The Book of Mormon related that when Christ set up his church in the Americas, “they which were baptized in the name of Jesus, were called the church of Christ.” The first name used to denote the church JS organized on 6 April 1830 was “the Church of Christ...

View Glossary
in the duties of their calling: and  they form a quorum equal in authority to that of the twelve  especial witnesses or apostles, just named. And every descis ion made by either of these quorums, must be by the unanim ous voice of the same; that is, every member in each quorum  must be agreed to its decisions in order to make their decis ions of the same power or validity one with the other. -[A  majority may form a quorum when circumstances render it  impossible to be otherwise.]- Unless this is the case, their de cisions are not entitled to the same blessings which the decis ions of a quorum of three presidents

Organized body of leaders over priesthood quorums and various groups of Latter-day Saints. A November 1831 revelation underscored the importance of a president over the high priesthood and the church as a whole. By 1832, JS and two counselors constituted ...

View Glossary
were anciently, who were  ordained after the order of Melchizedek, and were righteous  and holy men. The decisions of these quorums, or either of  them are to be made in all righteousness; in holiness and low liness of heart; meekness and long suffering; and in faith and vir tue and knowledge; temperance, patience, godliness brotherly  kindness and charity, because the promise is, if these things  abound in them, they shall not be unfruitful in the knowl edge of the Lord. And in case that any decision, of these  quorums, is made in unrighteousness, it may be brought be fore a general assembly of the several quorums

A meeting where ecclesiastical officers and other church members could conduct church business. The “Articles and Covenants” of the church directed the elders to hold conferences to perform “Church business.” The first of these conferences was held on 9 June...

View Glossary
which consti tute the spiritual authorities of the church, otherwise there can  be no appeal from their decision.
12 The twelve

Members of a governing body in the church, with special administrative and proselytizing responsibilities. A June 1829 revelation commanded Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer to call twelve disciples, similar to the twelve apostles in the New Testament and ...

View Glossary
are a travelling, presiding high council

A governing body of twelve high priests. The first high council was organized in Kirtland, Ohio, on 17 February 1834 “for the purpose of settling important difficulties which might arise in the church, which could not be settled by the Church, or the bishop...

View Glossary
, to of ficiate in the name of the Lord, under the direction of the  presidency of the church

The presiding body of the church. From the day of the church’s organization on 6 April 1830, JS and Oliver Cowdery led the church in their capacity as elders. An 11 November 1831 revelation directed that “the duty of the president of the office of the high...

View Glossary
, agreeably to the institution of heav en; to build up the church, and regulate all the affairs of the  same, in all nations: first unto the Gentiles, and secondly un to the Jews.
13 The seventy are to act in the name of the Lord, under  the direction of the twelve, or the travelling high council, in  building up the church and regulating all the affairs of the [p. 84]
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Instruction on Priesthood, Kirtland

Located ten miles south of Lake Erie. Settled by 1811. Organized by 1818. Population in 1830 about 55 Latter-day Saints and 1,000 others; in 1838 about 2,000 Saints and 1,200 others; in 1839 about 100 Saints and 1,500 others. Mormon missionaries visited township...

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, OH, ca. Apr. 1835; in Doctrine and Covenants, 1835 ed., pp. 82–89.

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